Birth control pills prevent conception by inhibiting ovulation. The pills alter hormonal levels and suppress the hormonal signal from the gland for the ovaries to release an ovum. These pills are taken orally on a precise schedule for 20 or more days during each menstrual cycle. Since all such pills inhibit ovulation, there is absolutely no problem in using them. However, the individual must consult the physician about possible side-effects.
There are some pills which work after the intercourse has taken place, for example, the 'morning-after pill" or the recently developed RU486 pill. Since in our definition, pregnancy begins at implanation, use of any pill which may prevent implanation is alright. Therefore, the pills like the 'morning-after' and RU486 may be taken after the intercourse BUT not after feeling or knowing that pregnancy has already occurred.
Adapted from: "Marriage & Morals in Islam" by: "Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi"
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