Rafed English

Haste in Teaching

Teaching in this stage is necessary for the child it is the best stage to hesitate in teaching in order to develop the mental ability the child possess and for the desire with the child (to acquire intellectual skills) 227.

The child of this stage possess full preparedness to memorize all that come to his hearing, therefore teaching in this stage help the stability of the acquired knowledge in the brain and remain stored in his memory.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "The example of those learning in his childhood is like carving on the stone" 228.

He (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "Youth's memorization is like stamp on the stone" 229.

For the necessity of learning, the Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) bequeath the parents to: "Order your children to seek for knowledge" 230.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) makes teaching of the child a door among the doors of divine blessing for the father, he said : "May Allah bless a servant that assist his child for his obedience by doing good to him, sympathize with him, teaches and educates him" 231.

Teaching is the child's Right on the parents, Imam Ali bn Al-Hussein said: "...... As for the Right of the younger ones is to has mercy on them, enlighten and to educate him" 232.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "The children possess three Right on his father: to give him a good name, teaches him how to write and unites him in a wedlock when he is matured" 233.

Teaching about how to read and write in our present days has been taken up by educational institutes especially the schools, but that doesn't mean the absence of the need of the presents from teaching but it is necessary to have cooperation between the school and the parents in education.

It is necessary that the teaching should not be confined to reading and writing but should comprise all parts and aspect of knowledge.

and in different areas like physics, humanities, literature, history, philosophy and other in addition to focusing at the side of spiritual and worshiping. The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) in his emphasis on learning the holy Qur'an said: "Whoever teaches him Qur'an, the parents will be prayed for and covered in two conditions and the faces of the inhabitant of the Paradise will be shining from their light" 234.

Teaching the Qur'an comprise all its aspect starting from teaching how to read perfectly base on linguistic laws, then encouraging for memorization of the Qur'an by observing the child's mental standard. Learning authentic Qur'anic Commentary of some verses and Chapters that the child need at his stage especially those that has link with ethics and Ideology and at the side of Juristic those that has link with different Islamic laws from worshiping and transactions and dealings.

In this stage it is compulsory to teach the child how to worship and its introduction like Ablution and prayer.

Imam Mohammad bn Ali Al-Baqir (peace be upon him) said: ".... Till he complete his seven years of age it will said to him wash your face and hands, if he has washed them it will be said to him to pray, then leaves him till he completed his nine years of age, if he has completed his nine years of age, he has learned Ablution ....." 235.

The child needs to learn conversation to prevent him from being affected by perverted movements. Imam Jaafar bn Mohammad Assadiq (peace be upon him) said: "Quickly converse with your children before you are been over taken by others" 236.

Imam Al-Hassan (peace be upon him) while explaining what he learned from the Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) my grand father has thought me some words that I recite in (Witr-qunut) ...." O' Allah guide me to what You have guide, protect me with whom You have protected and refrain me from whom You have refrain from" 237.

It is incumbent on the parents to teach the child all that is beneficial to him in his life. In the preceding narration the Commander of the Faithful (peace be upon him) has thought his son Al-hassan how to address the public (Ali bn Abitalib (peace be upon him) said to Al-hassan: "my son stand and make public address while hearing your words, he said: O' my father, I feel shy of you, how can I address while looking at your face? Then Ali bn Abitalib (peace be upon him) brought together the mother of his children, he then hide from him while hearing his speeches .....) 238.

Among the substantiation of education is learning how to shoot arrows, swimming as previously said because of the importance of education, the Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) encourage the teachers, child and the parents with the same degree, he (peace be upon him and his descendants) said : "Verily when the teacher said (Bismillah) In the name of Allah to the child, Allah will write for the teacher, the child and the parents freedom from Hell-fire" 239.

The Commander of the Faithful (peace be upon him) did encourage teaching children with the poet of Abitalib (peace be upon him). From Jaafar bn Mohammad Assadiq (peace be upon him), he said: "The Commander of the Faithful (peace be upon him) did amaze when the poet of Abitalib is related and inscribed and he said: Learn it and teach it to your children because he was in the religion of Allah and there is a lot of knowledge in it" 240.

Notes:

227 - Hadeeth Ila Umahaat: 217.

228 - Kanzul Umaal vol- 10:294/ 29336.

229 - Kanzul Umaal vol- 10: 238/ 29258.

230 - Kanzul Umaal vol - 16: 854/ 45952.

231 - Mustadrakil Wasaa'il vol- 2: 626.

232 - Tuhfal Uquul: 194.

233 - Makarimul Akh'laq: 220.

234 - Al-kafi vol- 6: 49/1 ch- doing good to children.

235 - Manla yahdurhul Faqeeh vol- 1: 182.

236 - Al-kafi vol- 6: 47/5 ch- educating the child.

237 - Mukhtasar Taareekh Demeshq vol -7: 5.

238 - Bihaaril Anwaar vol - 43: 351.

239 - Mustadrakil Wasaa'il vol - 2: 625.

240 - " " "- 2: 625.

Adapted from the book: "The Child's Education in Islam" by: "Ismail Abdullah"

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