Rafed English

Care For The Orphans

An orphan feel deprivation after loosing his father or mother or both of them. Deprivation of satisfying his emotion and spiritual needs, deprivation of satisfying his material needs like food, drinks and dresses, he will be befallen with obsessions and fears, predominated by anxiety and disturbance.

Feeling of deprivation from affection and kindness has its negative effect on the existence and building the personality of the child. Through the observation of the society reality we found that most orphans that didn't get assistance and care from others do personally disturbed and were befallen with tied psychology and negative agreement with the community that deprive him from assistance and care. For that Islam bequeath special guardianship of the orphans even more than other children. It emphasizes the satisfaction of all of their material and spiritual needs.

The specified verses of the Qur'an for the guardianship of the orphan are more than that of the general children.

Satisfaction of the orphan's material needs is the first needs that Islam laid emphasis on.

Allah the most High said: {And they feed the poor, the orphan and the prisoner, for the love for Him} 192.

{.... And to feed in the day of hunger, to an orphan, near of kin} 193.

{.... And give the wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to orphans and the needy ....} 194.

Allah the most High makes the Right of the orphan in the Muslim's wealth. {And know that what ever ye take as spoil of war, Lo! a fifth there of is for Allah, and for the Messenger and for the kinsman (who hath need) and orphans and needy ....} 195.

The most High said: {Say: that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and near kindred and orphans and the needy ....} 196.

The most High has forbade spending the orphan's wealth except in a best form which has benefits and profitable to him {And approach not the wealth of the orphan save that which is better, till he reach maturity} 197.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "Who sustain an orphan till he is in no need, Allah will make it obligatory because of that to enter Paradise" 198.

The prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "Whoever liable for the orphan enters him to his food and drinks, Allah will let him enters Paradise except he committed unforgivable sin" 199.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "He was joining his fingers together and said: I and the guarantor of an orphan are like this in the Paradise" 200.

Islamic system considered the satisfaction of the orphan's spiritual needs like doing well to him and equity with him. Allah the most High said: {and (remember) when we made a covenant with the children of Israel (saying): worship none save Allah (only), and be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy ....} 201.

The most High said: {And that ye should deal justly with orphans .....} 202.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said : "The best house among the Muslims is the house having an orphan and they do good to him and the worst house among the Muslims is the house having an orphan and they do bad to him" 203.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) Bequeath on humoring the orphan, kindness to him and honoring him. The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said: "Allah urges us to do good to the orphans for their detachment from their father, Allah will protect whoever protect them and Allah will honor whoever honored them. Whoever rub the orphan's head with his hand in kindness to him, Allah will build a mansion for him in the Paradise wider than this world and all that is in it equivalent to the numbers of hair his hand touches" 204.

Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) encourage us to deal kindly and sympathize with the orphan and said: "There is no servant that rubs his hand on the head of an orphan in sympathy with him except Almighty Allah grant him Light on resurrection day equivalent to the number of his hair" 205.

Among the protection of the orphan is to solve the problems facing him that can cause him pains, anxiety and disturbance. The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said : "The Throne shakes for the cries of an orphan when he cries, Allah the most High will say : O' my Angels be my witness that I will pleased whoever make him to silent and I will pleased him" 206.

From The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) "If an orphan cries on the earth, Allah will say who makes my servant to weep while I have taken his father in to the soil?

To my Mighty and Majesty whoever pleased him even though with half word, I will put him in Paradise" 207.

Among the recommendation regards the orphan's affair is to make them happy by satisfying their material or their spiritual needs, from respect, love or praise, encouragement and others.

The Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) said : "Verily there is a house in the Paradise known as House of happiness none will enter it except those who make the believing orphan to happy" 208.

Giving good education to the orphan is among the care and protection to them and prepares him to be a good member of the community. The Commander of the Faithful Ali (peace be upon him) said: "Educate the orphan the way that you educate your child ...." 209.

An orphan that obtain care, protection, love and kindness feels at rest, tranquil and leaves uprightly in his emotion and personality but in a state of deprivation he will not become upright and may take up by perverted ones and focus him to unrighteousness and will become a harmful member to the society.

Notes:

192 - Qur'an 76: 8.

193 - Qur'an 90:14-15.

194 - Qur'an 2:177.

195 - Qur'an 8: 41.

196 - Qur'an2: 215.

197 - Qur'an 6: 152.

198 - Tuhfal Uquul: 198.

199 - Mustadrakil Wasaa'il vol - 1: 148.

200 - Al-mahjatul badaa'i vol - 3: 403.

201 - Qur'an 2: 83.

202 - " 4: 127.

203 - Al-mahjatul badaa'i vol - 3: 403.

204 - Al-mahjatul badaa'i vol - 3: 403.

205 - Al-mahjatul badaa'i vol - 3: 403.

206 - Mustadrakil Wasaa'il vol - 2: 623.

207 - Mustadrakil Wasaa'il vol - 2: 623.

208 - Kanzul Umaal vol - 3 : 170/ 6008.

209 - Al-kafi vol- 6: 48/8 ch- educating the child.

Adapted from the book: "The Child's Education in Islam" by: "Ismail Abdullah"

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