What Is Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar, the main source of energy for the body. Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common diseases today, and if left untreated can lead to series of other complications including death. In this type of diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, a hormone that controls the entry of glucose to the cells from the blood. Inadequate secretion of insulin can also lead to elevated glucose levels in the blood. Although there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, it can be managed and kept under check if one follows a strict diet and manages his or her weight. However, if diets and exercises aren’t helping and the glucose level in the blood is still high; your physician may prescribe medications or insulin therapy to help you manage your diabetes. If you are looking for fundamental information about type 2 diabetes, then here is some information on the same. Read on to learn more.
Information On Type 2 Diabetes
Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body does not respond properly to insulin, a hormone that helps sugar to move into cells. This condition is called ‘insulin resistance’. In such a condition when the sugar cannot enter the cells, abnormally high levels of sugar build up in the blood. This is known as ‘hyperglycemia’. High levels of blood sugar may stimulate the pancreas to secrete more insulin. Genetic predisposition is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
People suffering from type 2 diabetes complain of increased urination, increased thirst, fatigue, and increased appetite. Other symptoms may include blurred vision, erectile dysfunction in men, frequent infections, etc.
Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes
Exercise and diets are the two primary treatments for type 2 diabetes. The main goal of the treatment of diabetes is to minimize the blood glucose level. It is essential to follow a strict diet pattern which in turn helps prevent blood sugar levels from becoming extremely low or high. People suffering from type 2 diabetes should seek the help of dieticians to determine their diet plan. It is absolutely essential to eat a well balanced diet in right amounts and at the right time. Ask your dietician to plan your diet chart so that you eat only the right amount of protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Managing your weight is also equally important to treat diabetes.
Prevention Of Type 2 Diabetes
A healthy lifestyle is key to preventing diabetes to a large extent even if you have a strong family history of diabetes. Always eat healthy foods that are low in sugar and cholesterol. Count more on fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Exercising moderately daily for 30 minutes is said to be ideal. If you are overweight, you can reduce the risk of diabetes by shedding a few extra pounds. Remember, although there are medications available to manage diabetes, having a healthier lifestyle is essential and is always a smarter choice.
Now that you are aware of what type 2 diabetes is, you will be able to learn how to control and live with diabetes. However, consult your physician for a thorough diagnosis and treatment.
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