The Prophet's Words of Light
The Prophet Muhammad said: 'All will be well with my nation as long as they love one another, give gifts to one another, fulfil their trusts, avoid that which is unlawful, honour the guest, establish the prayer, and pay the statutory alms. If they do not do this then they will be afflicted by drought and famine.' 337
He said: 'All will be well with this nation under the hand of God and in His protection as long as the reciters of the Qur'an do not aid the rulers, and the righteous do not praise the miscreants, and the good people do not assist the evil ones. If they do this then God will lift His hand from them and will place tyrants to rule over them ...' 338 He also said: 'There are three things I fear for my nation: obedience to greed, the following of lusts and desires, and leaders who are astray.' 339 He said: 'Hope is a mercy for my nation. Were it not for hope, no mother would ever feed her child and no gardener would ever plant a tree.' 340 Once he said to his companions: 'Shall I inform you of the worst of people?'
Those with him said: 'Yes, O Apostle of God.' He said: 'He who loathes the people and who is loathed by the people.'
Then he said: 'Shall I inform you of worse than him?' They said: 'Yes, O Apostle of God.' He said: 'He who does not help another who has fallen and does not accept another's apology and does not forgive a wrong.'
Then he said: 'Shall I inform you of worse than him?' They said: 'Yes, O Apostle of God.' He said: 'He from whom none is safe from his evil and from whom none expect any good.' 341
He also said: 'Shall I inform you of the worst of your men?' They said: 'Yes, O Apostle of God.' He said: 'Among the worst of your men is the slanderer, the audacious transgressor the obscene person who eats alone and refuses to help others. He beats his servants and forces his dependants to seek help elsewhere.' 342
The Apostle of God said to the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali: 'Say: 'O God, do not let me be in need of the worst of your creation!' The Commander of the Faithful said: 'O Apostle of God, and who is the worst of God's creation?'
He said: 'Those who when they are given refuse to give, and if they are refused something they would criticise or slander.' 343 The Prophet was asked: 'Who are the worst of people?' He said: 'The corrupt savants.'344 The Apostle of God was asked: 'Who is your true nation?'
He said: 'Those who are with the truth though they may only be ten people.' 345 He also said: 'The best of my nation are those who are most abstinent in the things of this world and who are most desirous of the next world.' 346
He also said: 'The best of my nation is one who spends his youth in obedience to God and weans himself off the pleasures of this world and is focussed on the next life. His reward with God will be the highest stations in Paradise.' 347
He also said: 'Blessed is he who spends what he has earned without disobeying God, and keeps the company of the people of knowledge and wisdom and mixes with the underlings and the poor. Blessed is he whose self has been subdued and whose temperament is good and whose inner heart is virtuous and who keeps his worst aspects away from the people. Blessed is he who gives away his surplus wealth and holds back from what is superfluous in speech and who confines himself to Prophetic practices and does not go beyond them to innovations.' 348
He also said: 'He who is not trustworthy has no faith.' 349 Once AbY AyyYb Kh"lid ibn Zayd came to the Apostle of God and said: 'O Apostle of God, advise me and be brief so that I may remember what you say.'
He said: 'I advise you to do five things: do not concern yourself with what is in the hands of others for that is riches, and do not be greedy for that is poverty itself, and pray each prayer as if it was your last, and avoid that which is regrettable, and love for your brother what you love for yourself.' 350
He also said: 'If you see one of the gardens of Paradise then go there and graze.' They said: 'O Apostle of God, and what is the garden of Paradise?'
He said: 'The gatherings of the believers.' 351
He said in his advice to AbY Dharr: 'O AbY Dharr, do not procrastinate for you only have one day and you are not for what comes after it. If tomorrow were to be for you then be on the morrow as you were today. And if no tomorrow comes then you will not regret wasting your day.' 'O AbY Dharr, how often does someone greet a new day but does not live to see its end, and how often does someone await the morning and he does not see it.'
'O AbY Dharr, were you to look at your lifespan and its fate you would loath desire and its delusions.'
'O AbY Dharr, Be in this world as if you are a stranger, or as a passer by, and count yourself amongst the people of the graves. 'O AbY Dharr, when morning comes do not speak to yourself of the evening, and when evening comes do not speak to yourself of the morning. Take (advantage) from your health before you are ill, and your life before your death, for you do not know what your name will be on the morrow [i.e. whether you are going to be amongst the fortunate or the unfortunate].' 352
AbY Dharr also relates: 'The Apostle of God advised me to do seven things: he advised me to look to those who are below me and not to look to those who are above me. He advised me to love the paupers and to be near to them. He advised me to speak the truth even if it be bitter. He advised me to maintain bonds with my kin even if they turn away from me. He advised me not to fear any blame in the way of God. He advised me to say often: 'There is no strength or power except through God The Exalted The Magnificent.' For these are the jewels of Paradise.' 353
It is related that a man came to the Prophet and said: 'O Apostle of God, advise me.'
The Prophet said: 'Do you seek advice so that I may advise you?' He said this three times and each time the man said: 'Yes, O Apostle of God.'
So the Apostle of God said to him: 'I advise that when you intend to do something then think out its consequences. If it is sensible then carry it out and if not then refrain from it.' 354 Once a man said to the Apostle of God: 'Advise me!'
He said: 'Have shame in front of God just as you have shame in front of a righteous man from your people.' 355 Among his advice to Mu!"dh ibn Jabal when he sent him [as his representative] to the Yemen, he said: 'I advise you to be conscious of God, and to be truthful in speech, and to honour pledges, and to fulfil trusts, and not to betray, and to be softly spoken, and to promote peace, and to protect refugees, and show mercy to the orphans, and to control your anger, and to act well, and to cut short your hopes, and to have love for the next world, and to fear the reckoning, and to adhere to faith [to the last moment of your life], and to study the Qur'an, and to lower your wing [i.e. be kind to others] ...' 356
The Prophet Muhammad said: 'The best of combat is to combat one's self that is between one's flanks.' 357
337. ibid. vol. 66, chap.38, p.394, 9ad:th 76.
338. ibid. vol. 72, chap. 82, p. 381, 9ad:th 50.
339. tu9af al-!uqYl; p.41.
340. bihar al-anwar; vol. 74, chap.7, p.175, 9ad:th 8.
341. al-am"l: al-£ adYq; Lecture.5, p.251.
342. al-k"f:; vol. 2, p.292, 9adith13, chap. The Roots and Pillars of Disbelief.
343. bihar al-anwar; vol.90, p.325, 9ad:th6.
344. tu9af al-!uqYl; p.25.
345. bihar al-anwar; vol.2, p.266, 9ad:th 22.
346. tanb:h al-khaw"Uir; vol.2, p.362.
347. ibid. p.363.
348. bihar al-anwar; vol.74, chap.7, p.175, 9ad:th 10.
349. ibid. vol.69, chap.105, p.197, 9adith 26.
350. al-am"l: of al-?Ys:; vol.2, p.122.
351. bihar al-anwar; vol.71, chap.13, p.188, 9ad:th 13.
352. mak"rim al-akhl"q; p. 459.
353. al-khiN"l; p. 345, 9ad:th 12, Qum edition.
354. bihar al-anwar; vol. 68, chap. 83, p. 338, 9ad:th 4.
355. ibid. p. 336, 9adith 20.
Adopted from the book : "The Prophet Muhammad; a Mercy to the World" by : "Ayatullah Muhammad Sadiq al-Shirazi"
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