Rules regarding Operation
2893. It is not permissible to amputate a limb of the dead body of a Muslim (e.g. eye) to fix it in the body of living person. However, it is permissible to amputate the limb if the life of a Muslim depends upon amputating it, but it is obligatory for the person amputating the limb to pay compensation. If a person commits a sin on account of amputating the limb, it is apparently permissible to fix that limb in the body of a Living person, and as that limb becomes a part of the body of the living person the orders applicable to a living body will apply to it after it as been fixed. Here the question arises as to what will be the position if the deceased has made a will with regard to the amputation of his limb. Apparently it is permissible to do so and the person amputating the limb is not required to pay compensation.
2894. If a person is willing that one of his limbs be amputated during his lifetime and could be fixed to the body of another person. the following orders apply. Such amputation is not permissible if the limb to be amputated is one of the major limbs e.g. eye, hand, foot etc. However, if it is not one of the major limbs (e.g. if it is skin or flesh) its amputation is permissible. It is also permissible to receive compensation for giving a part of the body as gift.
2895.It is permissible to receive compensation for giving one's blood to a sick person. It is also permissible to give one's blood free of cost to a sick person who cannot afford to pay its price.
2896. It is permissible to amputate the limbs of the dead body of a non Muslim or of a person whose being a Muslim is doubtful and to fix it in the body of a Muslim by means of an operation. The same order applies to the limbs of an unclean (Najis) animal i.e. if the limb of an unclean animal is amputated and fixed in the body of a person it will be treated to be a part of his body and the presence of such a limb does not hinder the offering of prayers.
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