Imam al-Hasan's (a.s.) Death
- :Sheykh Radi al-Yasin
Al-Hasan, peace be on Him, was given poison several times. We will detail this matter when we discuss the fulfillment of the conditions of the Peace Treaty. When Al-Hasan, peace be on Him, felt the danger in the last attempt, he said to his brothers al-Husayn, peace be on Him: "My brother, I am leaving you and meeting my Lord. I have been given poison to drink, and have spewed my liver into the basin. I am aware of the person who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action. I will oppose Him before Allah, the Great and Almighty." Then he said: " Bury me with the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family. For I am worthier of Him and his family 1 (than others). If they prevent you from doing that, then I make you swear by the relation which Allah has made close to you and by the blood relation to the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family, not to shed even your blood into the cupping-glass in (carring out) my command, till we meet the Appostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family, to oppose the people before Him and tell Him about what we have suffered from them.
Then Al-Hasan peace be on Him, made his testamentary bequests to his family and his children. (He gave al-Husayn) his heirlooms and the things which the Commender of the Faithful (Imam 'Ali), peace be on Him, had bequeathed to Him when he had made Him his successor, had declared Him worthy to occupy his position, and had indicated to his shi'a that he (Al-Hasan) was his successor.
Then Al-Hasan, peace be on his ,died on the seventh of month of Sufar, in the year 49 A.H.
Abu al-Faraj al-Asfahani said: "Mu'awiya wanted the people to pledge allegiance to his son Yazid. However, the existence of Al-Hasan b. 'Ali and of Sa'ad b. Abu Waqas troubled Him very much. So he gave them poison to drink, and they died of it.
The aborminable disasters of this kind of shook the conscience of the Muslim countries. So there were various revolutions throughout history. In this connect Allah, the Exalted, says: "And they who act unjustly shall know to what final place of turning they shall turn back.
Sibt b. al-Jawzi reported on the authority of b. Sa'ad on the authority of al-Waqidi, who said: "When Al-Hasan was about to die, he said: Bury me beside my father, He meant the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family. However, banu (the sons of) Umayya and Marwan b. al-Hakim and Sa'id b. al-As, who was the governor over Medina, prevented Him." Ibn Sa'ad said: Among them was A'isha who said: No one is buried beside the Apostle of Allah."
Abu al-Faraj al-Amawi al-Asfahani reported on the authority of Yahya b. Al-Hasan, who said: " I heard 'Ali b. Tahir b. Zayd say: When they wanted to bury Al-Hasan, she (A'isha) mounted a mule and asked the help of banu (the sons of )Umayya, Marwan, those who were there from them (banu Umayya) and from their servants. So someone said: One day (she was) on a camel."
al-Mas'udi has mentioned that A'isha mounted a gray mule and led the Umayyads to declares a second battle against the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt). He (al-Mas'udi) said: "So al-Qasim b. Mohammad b. Abu Bakr came to her (A'isha) and said: Aunt, we have not washed our heads since the Battle of the Camel. Do you want people to call this day the Battle of the Gray Mule? So she came back."
Many people gathered together with Al-Hasan b. 'Ali and said to Him: "Leave us with the children of Marwan. By Allah, they are, with us nothing but an itching of the head. al-Husayn said By Allah, if there had been no injunction to me from Al-Hasan, peace be on Him, to prevent bloodshed and that I should not even pour blood into a cupping glass in (carrying out) his command, you would have known how the swords of Allah would have taken their toll from you. you have broken the agreement which was made between you and us. you have ignored the conditiosn which we made with you for ourselves." Here al-Husayn, peace be on Him, reminded, them of the condtions of the peace Treaty.
Then they went on with (the body of) Al-Hasan, peace be on Him, and they buried Him in (the cemetry of) al-Baqi beside his grandmother, Fatima daughter of Asad b. HasHimb. Abd Manaf, may Allah be pleased with her.
In his book al-Isaba, he (Ahmad Shahab al-Din al-ASqlani) said: Dawud b. Sinan informed us: Tha'laba b. Abu M'Alik told us: "I (Tha'laba b. Abu M'Alik) saw Al-Hasan on the day when he died and was buried in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi. I saw that if a needle had been thrown away in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi', it (the needle) would have not fallen but on the head of a person.
1. Al-Hasan, peace be on Him, was worthier of the Prophet, may Allah Him and his family, than others because he was his grandson and a piece of Him. Rather Al-Hasan was the piedce of the Prophet. No one is fworthier of the gandfather than the grandson. In other words the piece is worthier of the entirety than others.
Al-Hasan, peace be on Him was worthier of the Prophet's family, because he was his legitimate inheritor through his mother the truthful and chaste one, peace be on her. She was the only inheritor of her father, may Allah bless Him and his family. So she (Fatima, the Prophet's daughter) had right to inherit her father as Solomon inherited David. For there is nothing can speci'Alize the general inheritance.
Here the comparative degree "worthier" concerns the mafdulin (less excellent), namely Abu Bakr and Umar. For they regarded themselves as worthier of buring in the room of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family, than others. However, his grandson (Al-Hasan) was worthier of that then them. That is because they (Abu Bakr and Umar) though that the wife had the right to inherit her husband. Muslims jurists have disagreed on this matter since then. A,isha the daughter of Abu Bakr, and Hafsa, the daughter of Umar, had, accerding to the correctness of their inheritance as two wives, a share of seventy two shares inherit room where the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family was bured, For they were two of nine wives. And all the nine wives had one eighth of which they divided among them selves according to this rate. As for the holy room whose wideness we do not know exactly should be wide enough to hold seventy two graves: otherwise the inheritors of the truthful, chaste one (Fatima did not permit Abu Bakr and Umar to be buried in it. So what is other than this (explanatin)? Accordingly, we must admit that Al-Hasan, peace be in Him, was worthier of the Apostle of Allah and his house than the others.
Adopted from the book: "Sulh al-Hasan (a.s.)" by: "Sheykh Radi al-Yasin"
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