Rafed English

The Obligations of Say


369. The following are mandatory in say
starting the say from Safa,
finishing the say at Marwah
the number of rounds
the normal accepted route
facing the destination during each lap
legality of the animal used
the order of the say
1. Niyyah
370. [To declare] the niyyah for say is mandatory, and it must be [declared] at the start of the say with the intention of seeking nearness to Allah Almighty. It is preferable to verbally utter the niyyah as follows: "I perform the say between the Safa and the Marwah seven rounds for the Tamattu Umrah seeking nearness to Allah Almighty".
2. Starting the say from the Safa
371. It is mandatory to start the say from the Safa, and for this it is not mandatory to step on the rocks of the mount.
3. Finishing the say at the Marwah
372. It is mandatory to finish the say at Marwah, and for this it is not mandatory to touch one's toes to the rocks of the mount of Marwah.
373. If he contradicted this and began [the say] at Marwah, even by oversight, his say is invalidated and as a precaution he should perform a new say.
4. The number of rounds
374. It is obligatory to cover the distance between the mounts of Safa and Marwah seven times with nothing more or less. Thus there will be four journeys from Safa to Marwah and three journeys from Marwah to Safa, all together seven rounds.
5. The normally accepted route
375. It is mandatory to go through the route that is normally accepted, thus if he deviated from the route by entering the Mosque and leaving it to re-enter the route of the say again, or if he left the route of the say to go to the shops and come back to the route of the say again, that [excursion] would not be accepted [as part of the say]. However, it is permissible to drink water from the designated areas en route.
376. There is no objection to performing the say on the first floor or the roof the second floor if one opted to do so.
6. Facing the destination
377. In the course of performing the say, it is mandatory to be facing the destination, and therefore if he was heading for the mount of Marwah he should be facing Marwah, and if he departed Marwah, heading for Safa, he should be facing Safa. It is not permitted to walk backwards or sideways. There is no objection, however, to turn the head to the left or right, or even to the back, so long as the body is in the direction of the journey of the say. While standing, there is no objection to turning the whole body even if that constitute turning one's back to the destination direction, similarly there is no objection if one deviated to the right when coming down from the Safa.
7. Animals or other things used must be legal
378. It is not permitted to perform the say on an animal that is usurped and such like. In fact this is applicable to clothing or slippers [worn by the person]. Furthermore, as a precaution, it is also not permitted to even carry anything that is usurped.
8. Order
379. The say must be performed after the tawaaf and its prayer. It is not permitted to wilfully bring forward the say before the tawaaf, neither in the Hajj nor in the Umrah. If one deliberately performed the say before the tawaaf for no reason, he must repeat it. However, if this was for a compelling concern, that should be sufficient. This is also applicable if this was done due to an oversight, although it is recommended to repeat it. The same applies to one who is not conversant with ruling of the case.
380. Continuity is not a requirement for the rounds of say, in fact it is permitted for him to engage in prayers, or even eating and drinking for example, or stopping for a rest on either mountain, or in between, and then resuming the say.
381. If one started his say, and during the say he realized that his tawaaf was incomplete, if the incompleteness concerned the second half of the tawaaf, he should abort the say and go back to complete the tawaaf, and then return to complete the say from the point he stopped, if he had finished four laps [of the say]. The same applies if he had not finished four rounds of the say, although it is recommended to renew the say altogether. On the other hand, if the incompleteness of his tawaaf was more than half, he should also complete the tawaaf and then the say, even though it is recommended, as a mostahab precaution, to renew the tawaaf from the beginning and then renew the say too. In the case of repeating the tawaaf and the say without completing them, he may do so with the intention of discharging his duty; whether by completing the remaining ones, or repeating them altogether.
382. If after finishing the say he had a doubt about the number of say laps [he had done] or its requirements, he should ignore his doubt.
383. If one doubted the number of laps he had done in the course of the say, then if he was at Safa and was sure that he had done an even number of rounds but not sure as to whether he had done say four or six rounds, or if he was at Marwah and was sure that he had done an odd number of rounds but not sure as to whether he had done say three or five rounds, he should assume the minimum [number of rounds], and [go on to] complete his say, and it is valid.
384. If one doubted the number of rounds he had done in the course of the say, but contrary to the case above, in that he was at Safa and was sure that he had done an odd number of rounds, but not sure whether they were three or five, or he was at Marwah and was sure he had done an even number of rounds, but not sure whether they were four or six, his say is invalid and he must renew his say.
385. If he had a doubt either in Safa or Marwah as to whether he had done an odd or even number of rounds, or if in the middle of say route could not tell which direction he should go to like when stopped for a rest for a while and he wanted to resume his say he forgot the direction of his journey his say is invalidated and he must restart the say anew.
386. If after completing the say he was sure that he had missed one or more laps, it is sufficient for him to perform the lacking ones, and if he could not do so he should assign someone to do it for him by proxy.

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