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The Companions of Imam Hadi (a.s.) and the narrators of his traditions - Part 5

100. Ali bin Muhammad bin Ziyad as-Saymari

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 166 The author of Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith saw that Ali bin Ziyad as-Saymari mentioned before and this Ali bin Muhammad as-Saymari were but the same man and not two. 167

101. Ali bin Muhammad bin ash-Shuja’ an-Naysaburi

He narrated traditions from Imam al-Hadi (a.s.). 168

102. Ali bin Muhammad bin Shirah al-Qashani

Sheikh at-Toosi said he was weak from Isfahan from the children of Ziyad the mawla of Abdullah bin Abbas from aal Khalid bin al-Azhar. 169 Al-Barqi mentioned him as Ali bin Muhammad al-Qashani and said he was from Imam al-Hadi’s companions. An-Najashi said, ‘He was a virtuous jurisprudent of too many traditions. Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Eesa criticized him and said he heard from him denied beliefs. He had written some books such as “Prayer”, and “al-Jami’” which was a big book on jurisprudence.’

103. Ali bin Muhammad al-Minqari

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 170 An-Najashi said he was reliable from Kufa and had written a book on rarities. 171

104. Ali bin Muhammad an-Nawfali

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions, 172 and so did al-Barqi. 173 He narrated from Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) and Ahmad bin Muhammad narrated from him. 174

105. Ali bin Mahziyar al-Ahwazi ad-Dawraqi

He was from the prominent ulama and one of the famous disciples of Imam al-Hadi (a.s.). Here, we talk in brief about him:

His worship

Ali bin Mahziyar was unequaled in his piety and obedience. Narrators said that from his worshipping was that when the sun rose, he prostrated himself to Allah and he did not raise his head from prostration until he prayed Allah for one thousand of his brothers as he prayed for himself. On his forehead there was like the knee of a camel because of his much prostration for Allah. 175

Imam al-Jawad praises him

Imam al-Jawad (a.s.) praised Ali bin Mahziyar on some occasions. Once, he wrote him a letter saying,

‘O Ali, I have tested you and tried you in loyalty, obedience, service, reverence and performance of your duties and if I say that I have not seen anyone like you, I might be truthful. May Allah reward you with the Gardens of Paradise. Neither your position nor your services in the hot and cold and in the day and night have been unknown to me. I pray Allah, when He will gather the creatures on the Day of Punishment, to have enviable mercy on you. He is the Hearer of prayer.’ 176

His works

He had written a good collection of books showing his abundant knowledge. From among these books are the following: Wudu’, Prayer, Zakat, Fasting, Hajj, Divorce, Punishments, Blood Money, at-Tafsir, The Virtues, Setting Slaves Free and Management, Gains, Defects, Supplication, Courtesy and Chivalry, al-Mazar (shrine), Refuting the excessive, Recommendations, Inheritances, Khums, Witnesses, the Virtues of the Believers, Heroism, Reservation (Taqiyya), Hunting and Slaughtering, Asceticism, Drinks, Vows and Oaths and Penances, Letters (huroof), al-Qa’im (al-Mahdi), Good Tidings, Prophets, Rarities, the Letters of Ali bin Asbat, and other books. Most of these books are on jurisprudential subjects which show that he was one of the great jurisprudents in Islam.

His narrations

Ali bin Mahziyar narrated about 437 traditions from Imam al-Jawad (a.s.), Imam al-Hadi (a.s.), and others. 177 He was from the pillars of the Shiite culture and was nonesuch among the scholars and ulama of his age.

106. Ali bin Yahya ad-Dahqan

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions and said he was accused of excessiveness. 178

107. Eesa bin Ahmad

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions, 179 and narrated from him many traditions, from which was this one: ‘Abul Hasan Ali bin Muhammad al-Askari (al-Hadi) told me from his father from his fathers that (Imam) Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The messenger of Allah (blessing and peace be upon him) said (to Ali): let him, who likes to meet Allah safe and pure, and the supreme horror not to grieve him, follow you and your sons al-Hasan, al-Husayn, Ali bin al-Husayn, Muhammad bin Ali, Ja’far bin Muhammad, Musa bin Ja’far, Ali bin Musa, Muhammad, Ali, al-Hasan, and then al-Mahdi who is the last of them.’ 180

108. Faris bin Hatim al-Qazwini

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions (or just a narrator of his traditions) and added that he was cursed, excessive. 181 Al-Kashshi mentioned that Nasr bin as-Sabah said, ‘Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) cursed al-Hasan bin Muhammad known as ibn Baba, Muhammad bin Nusayr an-Namiri, and Faris bin Hatim al-Qazwini.’ 182

Many traditions were related to Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) on cursing this man and warning the Shia from associating with him because he was a source of deviation and error. Here are some of those traditions:

1. Urwah wrote to Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) about Faris and he said, ‘Deny what he says and disgrace him. May Allah exclude and disgrace him. He is a liar in all that he claims. But keep yourselves away from arguing with him or consulting with him. Do not give him way for evil. May Allah save us from his burden and the burden of his like.’ 183

2. Ibrahim bin Dawud al-Ya’qubi wrote to Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) about him and Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) replied, ‘Pay him no attention, and when he comes to you, dishonor him!’ 184

We shall mention his deviant opinions when we shall study the age of the imam in a coming chapter

Anyhow, Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) ordered his followers to kill this deviant, misguiding man when saying, ‘Who will relieve me by killing him and I assure Paradise for him by the will of Allah?’ 185

109. Al-Fat~h bin Yazid al-Jirjani

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions, 186 and so did al-Barqi. 187 An-Najashi said that he was the author of “the Questions” or might be “the Answers of the Questions” –as we think- that Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) was asked about.

110. Al-Fadhl bin Shathan an-Nayshaburi

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 188 He was from the great ulama and the most prominent men of the Islamic intellect in his time. He studied and dealt with different sciences and arts and wrote books on them. Here we shall mention, in brief, some points on him:

Imam al-Hasan praises him

Imam al-Hasan al-Askari (a.s.) praised al-Fadhl bin Shathan. When once, one of al-Fadhl’s books was shown to Imam al-Askari (a.s.), he read some of it, prayed Allah to have mercy on al-Fadhl, and said, ‘I envy the people of Khurasan the being of al-Fadhl bin Shathan among them.’ Once again, he read another book of al-Fadhl, prayed Allah three times to have mercy on al-Fadhl, and said about the book, ‘It is true that it should be acted according to it.’ 189

Confuting the opponents

Al-Fadhl took upon himself to defend his beliefs and refute the spuriosities raised against his cult. He said, ‘I am a successor of those who passed away. I met Muhammad bin Abu Umayr, Safwan bin Yahya and others and took knowledge from them since fifty years ago. Hisham bin al-Hakam passed away, may Allah have mercy on him, and Younus bin Abdurrahman was his successor. He refuted the dissenters. Then Younus bin Abdurrahman passed away and left no successors except as-Sakkak who refuted the dissenters until he left to the better world. I am the successor after them, may Allah have mercy on them.’ 190

He was the successor of those great scholars who struggled and defended their high principles that the infallible imams of the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) had adopted.

His works

This great scholar wrote on different sciences such as jurisprudence, tafsir, theology, philosophy, linguistics, logic, and other fields of knowledge. The books he had written were more than one hundred and eighty. 191 Some of them were mentioned by Sheikh at-Toosi, 192 an-Najashi, 193 ibn an-Nadim, 194 and others.

111. Al-Fadhl bin Kathir al-Baghdadi

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 195

112. Al-Fadhl bin al-Mubarak

He narrated traditions from Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) and Muhammad bin Eesa al-Ubaydi narrated from him. 196

113. Al-Qassim ash-Sha’rani al-Yaqtini

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions and said he was accused of excessiveness. 197

114. Al-Qassim as-Sayqal

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions, 198 and so did al-Barqi. He narrated from Imam ar-Redha (a.s.) and Imam al-Jawad (a.s.), and Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Wasiti narrated from him. 199

115. Kafur al-Khadim

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions, 200 so did ibn Dawud and said he was reliable. 201

116. Muhammad bin Abu Tayfur al-Mutatabbib

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 202

117. Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Ibrahim

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 203

118. Abu Ali Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Mahmudi

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 204 Al-Kashshi said, ‘I found in the book of Abdullah ash-Shathani that he had written with his handwriting: “I heard al-Fadhl bin Hashim saying, ‘Al-Mahmudi mentioned to me that he had performed the hajj many times. I asked him about their number but he did not tell me.

He said, ‘I have been endowed with much good (money), praise be to Allah.’

I said to him, ‘Do you perform the hajj for yourself or for others 205?’

He said, ‘After the obligatory hajj of Islam, I perform the hajj for the messenger of Allah (a.s.) and his progeny, and for the guardians of Allah, the believing men, and believing women as far as Allah has permitted me.’

I said to him, ‘What do you say in your hajj?’

He said, ‘I say: O Allah, I began for Your messenger Muhammad (blessing be on him and on his progeny) and I made my reward from You and him for Your pure guardians (peace be upon them) and donated my reward from them for your faithful slaves who believe in Your Book and the Sunna of Your Prophet (blessing be on him and on his progeny…’ 206

This shows his goodwill and benevolence, and that the education of the pure imams (a.s.) to their companions has produced such perfect persons.

119. Abul Hasan Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Ubaydillah bin al-Mansur

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 207

120. Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Mutahhar

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 208 He narrated from Imam al-Hadi (a.s.), and Abdullah bin Ja’far narrated from him. 209

121. Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Mihran

Al-Barqi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 210

122. Muhammad bin Isma’il as-Saymari al-Qummi

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 211

123. Muhammad bin Jazzak al-Jammal

He was reliable. Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 212 Ibn Shahrashub said he was from the trustworthy companions of Imam al-Hadi (a.s.).

124. Muhammad bin al-Hasan bin Shammun al-Basri

Sheikh at-Toosi mentioned him as one of Imam al-Hadi’s companions. 213 An-Najashi said, ‘He was a Waqifite 214 and then was excessive. He was very weak and of bad beliefs…He had written “as-Sunan wel Aadab wa Makarim al-Akhlaq”, and “al-Ma’rifah”.’ 215

Al-Kashshi mentioned from him his saying, ‘I wrote to Abu Muhammad (Imam al-Askari) complaining of poverty and then I said to myself: has Abu Abdullah (Imam as-Sadiq) (a.s.) not said, ‘Poverty with us (the Ahlul Bayt) is better than wealth with our enemy, and being killed with us is better than living with our enemy.’ The reply to my letter came saying, ‘Allah the Almighty tries our followers, when their sins increase, by poverty, and He may forgive many (of sins), and it is as your self said to you: poverty with us is better than wealth with our enemy. We are a shelter for whoever resorts to us and a light for whoever seeks light, and preservation for whoever resorts to us. Whoever loves us will be with us in the highest position, and whoever deviates from us will be in Fire.’ Abu Abdullah (as-Sadiq) said, ‘You acknowledge that your enemy will be in Fire and do not acknowledge that your guardian will be in Paradise! Nothing prevents you from that but weakness.’ 216

He died when he was one hundred and twenty years. It was said that he narrated from eighty men of the companions of Imam Abu Abdullah as-Sadiq (a.s.). 217

____________

166. Rijal at-Toosi.

167. Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith, vol.12 p.154.

168. Ibid. p.60.

169. Rijal at-Toosi.

170. Rijal at-Toosi.

171. Rijal an-Najashi.

172. Rijal at-Toosi.

173. Rijal al-Barqi.

174. Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith, vol.12 p.193.

175. Rijal al-Kashshi, vol.2 p.825.

176. Rijal al-Kashshi.

177. Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith, vol.12 p.194.

178. Rijal at-Toosi.

179. Rijal at-Toosi.

180. Al-Ghaybah.

181. Rijal at-Toosi.

182. Rijal al-Kashshi.

183. Ibid.

184. Ibid.

185. Rijal al-Kashshi.

186. Rijal at-Toosi.

187. Rijal al-Barqi.

188. Rijal at-Toosi.

189. Rijal al-Kashshi.

190. Rijal al-Kashshi.

191. Rijal al-Kashshi.

192. Al-Fihrist by at-Toosi.

193. Rijal an-Najashi.

194. Al-Fihrist by ibn an-Nadim.

195. Rijal at-Toosi.

196. Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith, vol.12 p.339. 197. Rijal at-Toosi.

198. Ibid.

199. Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith, vol.13 p.73.

200. Rijal at-Toosi.

201. Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith.

202. Rijal at-Toosi.

203. Ibid.

204. Ibid.

205. That the reward of the hajj is intended to be for others.

206. Rijal al-Kashshi.

207. Rijal at-Toosi.

208. Rijal at-Toosi.

209. Mu'jam Rijal al-Hadith, vol.15 p.26.

210. Rijal al-Barqi.

211. Rijal at-Toosi.

212. Ibid.

213. Ibid.

214. The waqifites were a group of people believing in the imamate of the first seven imams from Imam Ali (a.s.) to Imam Musa bin Ja’far al-Khadhim (a.s.) and did not believe in the rest five imams.

215. Rijal an-Najashi.

216. Rijal al-Kashshi.

217. Rijal an-Najashi.

Adapted from the book: "The Life of Imam ALI bin Muhammad AL-HADI" by: "Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi"

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