Rafed English

The Birth of Lady Zainab (a.s.)

Adopted from the book : "Fatima; the Gracious" by : "Abu Muhammad Ordoni"

Lady Zainab was (accurately) the third child born by Lady Fatima Zahra (AS). In other words, she was born directly after Imam Hussain (AS); despite the false claim of some historians who hold the opinion that Zainab was born after the marriage which Lady Fatima (AS) had and resulted in the martyrdom of Mohsen. These historians are motivated by their desire to divert the attention from the merciless attack on Lady Fatima's house which not only resulted in Mohsen's martyrdom,but also in the eventual death of Lady Fatima herself.

Among these writers is the Egyptian Bin Ash-Shati who wrote in her book Batlat Karbala:

"Zahra, the prophet's daughter was about to give birth to a new baby after bringing happiness unto Messenger's life by giving birth to his beloved sons: Al-Hassan and Al-Hussain, and the third child, who was not destined to live and whose name was to be Mohsen Ibn Ali ..."58

Regardless of these unfounded claims, it has been established that Lady Zainab (AS) was born in 5 A.H., and that she was the third child of the honorable Alawi household.

It is said that her grandfather, the Prophet (P.B.U.H), named her Zainab which is derived from two words: "Zain" and "Ab" that together means "The embellishment of her father." Yet, Muhammad Jawad Mughniah quoted the Egyptian newspaper, Al-Jomhuria dated October 31, 1972, in his book Al-Hussain Batala karbala as saying:

Zainab was born in Shaban 5 A.H. When her mother brought her to Imam Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) and said: "Name her before Allah's Messenger." At this time the Prophet was on a trip and when he returned, he again refused to name her before her Lord. So Gabriel descended to Inform the Prophet about Allah's blessings and said: "The name of this baby is Zainab; Allah chose this name for her."

Zainab's history itself speaks of her honorable life and noble traits, as well as the miseries she encountered during her childhood, such as the death of her great grandfather, the martyrdom of her mother (AS), and the various inflictions which she lived through during the quarter of a century that her father, Imam Ali (AS), was confined to his house as a result of his rights having been usurped by others.

Moreover, when Zainab immigrated from Medina to Kufa, her father's capital then, several misfortunes were destined for her; starting with the martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS). This was followed by fierce battles between her brother, Al-Hassan, and Mu'awia which resulted in the poisoning of the Imam (AS). After several years, Zainab faced the greatest disaster of history when Imam Hussain along with the prominent Hashimite men were massacred at Karbala by the Ummaid's. After massacring the men, Zainab and the women taken to syria,but she did not panic nor did she give in to the enemy. From syria she was sent to Medina and then exiled in to Egypt to live the rest of her life.

Zainab's tomb is well-known in Egypt today and is visited by believers from all over the world.(There is disagreement about the location of Zainab's tomb; it is believed by most to be located in Syria.) (compiler's note)

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58. Ibn Hazm in Jamharat Ansab Al-Arab, Tabari in his book on history.

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