Rafed English

Tafsir Surah Abasa - Part 6

Apart from this, the abundant favors of Majestic God sometimes causes ignorance and unawareness in man but the remembrance of the death, tears off the veils of his ignorance and this remembrance is a God’s gift and a warning to man.

Besides when the worldly life, in the case continues incessantly, certainly it would get tiresome and depressing not like the hereafter which is full of delight and totally gleeful.

Then related the stage of the human beings resurrection and added: Soon afterwards whenever wanted raise him alive and gather them for accounts of the deeds and rewards.

ثُمَّ إِذَا شَاء أَنشَرَهُ(80:22)

أَنشَرَهُ to spread after gathering. It is an interesting term which indicated that with the death man’s life wrap up and accumulated totally then on the judgment day he is rise up in the broader and magnanimous environment.

The interesting part is the matter of death and concealment in the grave, it is termed as the will of the Great and Sublime God but here it is said: whenever the Guardian God raises him alive.

This difference of the term is possibly for the reason that nobody knows the date of the great occurrence of that day. Only God, the Judge of Judges knows it where as about the death, it is briefly known that the man dies after passing through a natural age whether he wants it or not.

In the last ayat under discussion it is said: With all these divine favours to the man, from the day he was a semen to the day he steps into this world and travels his journey towards perfection and later leaves the world and get concealed in the grave but still he did not struggles to acquire his right path. It is not same as he suppose (to think he got went the right way) because he did not obeyed the order of Powerful God.

كَلَّا لَمَّا يَقْضِ مَا أَمَرَهُ


With so many sources of the awareness and the vast provisions and the gifts of Generous God entrusted in the possession of the man it is expected from him to be serious and persistent in the obedience of divine commands but strangely still he is not ready to implement his duties.

Here what is the meaning of the man? Who is he?

Firstly it means the people who steps in the way of blasphemy, hypocrisy, denying the truth, oppression and rebellion. As in the context of the ayat 34 of Sura e Ibrahim said:

إِنَّ الإِنسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ(14:34)


Indeed, mankind is [generally] most unjust and ungrateful.

In the second definition that in the human kind included (men and women in general) nobody paid the right of the servitude, obedience and devotion to God the Creator worthy of his elevated status. It is told by the poet:

بنده همان به كه از تقصير خودش

عذر به درگاه خدا آورد

ورنه سزاوار خداونديش

کس نتواند بجا آورد

The best servant is one who seeks his excuse for all his short comings before the presence of God, the Gracious Judge. Else no one is able to thank him for his kind Lordship.

فَلْيَنظُرِ الْإِنسَانُ إِلَى طَعَامِهِ(80:24)


Then let mankind look at his food -

أَنَّا صَبَبْنَا الْمَاء صَبًّا(80:25)


That We pour forth water in abundance,

ثُمَّ شَقَقْنَا الْأَرْضَ شَقًّا(80:26(


Then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts],

فَأَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا حَبًّا(80:27)


And caused to grow within it grain

وَعِنَبًا وَقَضْبًا(80:28)


And grapes and clover plants (i.e. green fodder for the cattle),

وَزَيْتُونًا وَنَخْلًا(80:29)


And olive and palm trees

وَحَدَائِقَ غُلْبًا(80:30)


And gardens, dense with many trees,

وَفَاكِهَةً وَأَبًّا(80:31)


And fruit and grass -

مَّتَاعًا لَّكُمْ وَلِأَنْعَامِكُمْ(80:32)


(To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle.

The human being must view his food

First it instructs the man to see the food, how the Provider God had created it.

فَلْيَنظُرِ الْإِنسَانُ إِلَى طَعَامِهِ


The closest thing to the man is the food which from a slight change becomes the part of his body tissue and if it does not reach the man, it will soon get perished. For this reason the noble Quran from among all the other things stressed upon the food materials which the man draws out from the plants and trees.

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