Regulations Concerning Women During Hajj and Umrah
- :Al-Balagh Foundation
1. On the one hand, it is forbidden for a woman, while in Ihram, to cover all or part of her face (that which must be washed during ablution wudu with a veil or even a covering that she puts on her forehead where it clings to her face. On the other hand, it is permissible for her to cover her face while sleeping.
2. It is permitted for her to be in the state of Ihram with sewn covering and her regular shoes where the upper part of her feet are not uncovered.
3. She should perform sa' y (going and coming back seven times between Safa and Marwah) emulating Hajar's search for water) at her usual pace; not hurrying.
4. In order for her to be out of the state of Ihram, she should only perform taqsir (to cut a bit of her hair not shave her head).
5. If she has begun to menstruate she is forbidden to do the umrah of tamattu. When she arrives in Mecca and has more time, she should wait until she is purified and if she is purified even during the ninth day of Dhil-Hijjah; during which she can perform her Umrah and, then, assumes I/tram for Hag, in this case, it is obligatory for her first to do circumambulation tawaf of Umrah; to pray two ritual Rak'ah prayers of circumambulation; to performs the endeavor (sa'y); to cut a bit of her hair taqsir; to make Ihram of Hajj and, then, go to Arafat.
6. If she is having her monthly period and she has not been ritually purified until the last moments for the umrah of tamattu, she should change her intention to hajj of Ifrad , that is, perform the umrah after the end of the hajj, and her hajj is correct and replaces the Islamic Hajj.
7. Menstruation and bleeding after childbirth do not forbid her from performing certain acts like assuming Ihram in stated Miqats, standing in Arafat and Muzdalifah, performing the acts to be done in Mina and doing sa'y (the endeavor between Safa and Marwah). They only forbid her from entering the Sacred Mosque, or doing circumambulation and other actions which are forbidden in this state.
8. If her menstruation or bleeding after childbirth has stopped and she cannot do ritual bathing ghusl, because of her sickness or finding no water, she should do tayamum (a substitute for ablution) and, then, do her obligatory circumambulation.
9. If her menstruation started before performing the circumambulation of Hajj and she could not stay in Mecca to be purified and do her obligations, because her caravan of pilgrims does not wait for her, she must appoint another person to do her circumambulation, then, she, performs her endeavor sa'y after the circumambulation of her representative.
1- Whoever is capable in his/her life to perform Hajj, but, dies without performing it, while leaving an inheritance, it is obligatory, in this case, to appoint a representative to perform their Hajj out of his/her inheritance before its being divided among his or her heirs, because Hajj is considered as a debt.
2- It is obligatory for men and women who are unable to perform the acts of Hajj, due to their sickness or agedness while being financially capable to perform it, to appoint others to fulfill this divine duty.
3- The one who represents another in performing Hajj should have the following qualifications: attained puberty, is sane, is a believer and, also, should not be, himself, charged with a Hajj which has not been performed yet. 4- It is right for both man and woman to represent each other in performing the acts of Hajj.
Adapted from the Book: "The Hajj as Worship and Education" by: "Al-Balagh Foundation"
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