Rafed English

Obligations of the Had'y

449. The obligations of the Had'y are:
I. The niyyah
II. That it is a cattle
III. That it is of a certain age
IV. That it is of sound creation without any defects of missing limbs
V. That the slaughter is carried out on the day of Eid
VI. That the slaughter takes place in Mina
VII. To observe the order, as a precaution
VIII. That it is not taken outside the [limits] of the Haram
1. The niyyah
450. The niyyah is obligatory for the slaughter, and it is preferred to utter it by saying, "Adhbahu (I slaughter) the Had'y seeking nearness to Allah Almighty".
451. If one does not carry out the slaughter himself, both he and the person carrying out the slaughter should utter the niyyah. If only he uttered the intention, and not the slaughterer, this is sufficient.
2. That it is a cattle
452. It is obligatory that the Had'y is a cattle, i.e. it is a camel, cow, sheep, and the goat is considered from [the category of] the sheep.
3. That it is of a certain age
453. The age of the Had'y is sufficient if it is called, [in each case] a camel, or a cow, or a sheep, or a goat, and it is not sufficient if it is of a young age such that, in each case, it is referred to as young weaning camel, or calf, or lamb, or kid. As a recommended precaution,
the camel must have completed five years and entered the age of six,
the cow has completed two years of age,
the sheep has completed seven months, although [it is better] to have completed one year of age and has entered the second,
the goat has completed two years of age.
4. To be of complete creation
454. It is obligatory that the Had'y is of complete creation, and therefore it does not qualify if the animal is one-eyed, or lame, or too old, or of broken inner part of the horn[34], or of missing ears or any other limb, or castrated, or thin/skinny.
455. As a precaution, it is recommended that the Had'y is not hornless or earless by birth. However, it is permissible if the ear was pierced or slit, without anything missing from it. Similarly, [it is permissible] if the [animal's] exterior [part of the] horn is broken, or if the sheep does not have a fat-tail by birth.
456. The conditions specified for the Had'y are applicable if these are possible, otherwise if it is not possible [to obtain a perfect match] but the imperfect, then that should be sufficient.
5. The slaughter should be on the day of Eid
457. It is obligatory that the slaughter [of the animal] takes place on the day of Eid, or during the daytime on the Days of Tashreeq, which are the 10th, 11th, and 12th of Dhil-Hejjah, and it is permissible to delay the slaughter beyond these days. However, if one delayed this due to an excuse or deliberately, he has until the end of Dhil-Hejjah to do so and that would be sufficient, although this delay constitutes a sin [for the one who deliberately delayed this rite].
6. The slaughter should take place in Mina
458. It is obligatory for the slaughter to take place in Mina, and it is not permissible to do so elsewhere. It is permissible to carry out the slaughter in the new slaughterhouses, which are said to be outside the limits of Mina, if there were any confinement, restriction, or difficulty, etc.
7. Observing the order as a precaution
459. In carrying out the slaughter of the Had'y it is obligatory to observe the order prescribed for it, as a precaution; that the slaughter should be done after the Ram'y and before the halq (the shaving or trimming of the hair). If one breached this order due to an oversight, ignorance, or forgetting it, or due to confinement or difficulty, then there is no objection to it.
8. Not to take it outside the Haram
460. It is obligatory that one does not take any meat of the sacrifice outside the Haram. However, if there is no use or consumption for it, it is permitted to take it outside. It is also permitted [to take it outside] if the Haajj (pilgrim) bought the [sacrificed] Had'y that he had previously given it to a destitute.

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