Rafed English

Interpretation of Surah al-Shams (The Sun) - Part 5

Finally after all these important and constant pledges, presented its results and said: Pledge by those who purify their soul attained the salvage.

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن زَكَّاهَا

زَكَّاهَا : This term is taken from the word tazkiye basically it means to grow and get mature. Zakat (charity) too means to grow up and reach the maturity.

Hence in a narration from the Ali alaihis salam we read: the wealth gets reduced by spending it but the knowledge increases by the expenditure of it.

Then this word too defines the purity from all the contaminations as the cleansing oneself from all the dirt causes the growth and expansion. In the verse under discussion both meanings are possible.
Yea the salvation belongs to the person who is successful in educating the inner self and tries to develop and increase it. And purify himself from the devilish nature, sins, blasphemy and going against Praiseworthy God. In fact the real matter of life is the purification if he attains it he is fortunate else he is unlucky and helpless.

Then pursued the opposite group and said: the person gets hope less and deprived who had polluted his real self by the sins and transgressions.

وَقَدْ خَابَ مَن دَسَّاهَا  (91:10)


The above term means, to get deprived and not reaching the needed wish and a looser.


The above term means, to include something without liking it. Therefore the noble Qur’an about the ignorant Arab and burying alive his infant girl child said: he was concealing it in the soil by disliking it and hatred. As it is defined in the Surah Nahal verse 59

An-Nahl (The Bee)

يَتَوَارَى مِنَ الْقَوْمِ مِن سُوءِ مَا بُشِّرَ بِهِ أَيُمْسِكُهُ عَلَى هُونٍ أَمْ يَدُسُّهُ فِي التُّرَابِ أَلاَ سَاء مَا يَحْكُمُونَ (16:59)

Avoiding all people because of the [supposed] evil of the glad tiding which he has received, (and debating within himself) shall he keep this (child) despite the humiliation (which he feels for it)-or shall he bury it in the ground? Unquestionably, evil is what they decide


Dasiseh is told to the hidden effort which brings loss. There are various definitions are told about it:

So often it is said: this term indicates towards the sins and the ill character as the pious and virtuous people make themselves noticeable. Whereas the sinners and the spoiled people put themselves out of sight. Therefore it is told that the generous Arabs were erecting their tents in the high locales and in the nights they were lighting the fire so that the poor and needy all over the night and day, to come towards them so that they could favour them. But the miserly, tight fisted and niggard people were erecting their tents in the low lands so that no one could reach them.

At times it is said: it means that the sinners conceal themselves amidst the pious people.

Or they conceal their real self, their human entity in the sins and transgressions or they hide from their sins and wrong doing in their real self from the view of the others.

Any way it is demonstrating, how the man gets soiled in the sins and the devilish temperaments which is the opposite of the purification.

Like this way distinguished the successful and the unsuccessful in the scenes of life. The measure to weigh up these two groups is nothing except the purification of the real self and its growth and the development of the pious soul and obeying the Magnificent God or one must not get polluted in the various sins and transgressions.

Here it gets apparent that in a hadith from Imam Muhammad Baqir (A.S) and Imam jafar sadiq (A.S) in the definition of the verse, it is stated: Protected is one who obeyed and disadvantaged and fruitless is one who transgressed. In fact it defined the result of the moral.

In another narration it is spoken that the prophet when he was reciting the verse: قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن زَكَّاهَا

He used to halt and pray in such a manner: O the Provider God bless my inner self its piety, you are the only master of it, purify it as you are the best purifier.

These words confirms that, to travel this complicated path and pass this steep and difficult road it is only possible by the support of the Strong and Firm God. That means the steps by the man and the support by the Merciful God. Therefore in another hadith from the prophet (PBUH) in the definition of these two verse who said: Protected is the soul which is purified by the Praiseworthy God. Destitute and discouraged is the soul who is removed from every meritorious quality.

The points:

1- The connection of the vows of the Noble Qur’an with the outcome of it

What is the connection among these eleven vows pledged which are extremely important and full of facts?

It is supposed that the aim of mentioning this fact is from the Honourer God that is: I provided every means of prosperity and affluence. From one angle expressed the luminosity of sun and the brightness of the moon, made fruitful the system of days and nights, regulated the movements and relaxations of you and made the earth in every way, appropriate for you living.

From the other angle, I created in your soul all the required abilities, such as, a well aware conscience. And revealed to you the merits and evils of the matters, on that basis you have no shortage, to travel the way of prosperity, with this approach how you do not purify your soul? And submit yourself to the evil conspiracies of devil.

2- The role of sun in the worldly life

About the sun which is the centre of the solar system and it is the guide and the chief of its stars. They are two discussions; one is an exchange of dialogue about its greatness which we had discussed earlier and the other is the discussion about the abundance and its effects which can be said as follows:

1- The life of man and the other creatures in the first place. the man need the heat and light and these two objects of life by the support of this great burning ball perfectly provided and balanced the earth.

2- The entire food material is provided by means of sunlight. Even the creatures live in the depth of the oceans floor; utilize the plants on the ocean’s upper level and nurture under the sunlight between the waves of the water and settle down themselves. Or the living creatures that are alive by eating the living creature they too survive by the plants and vegetation who cannot be nurtured without the sunlight.

3- All we observe the colours, beauties and the manifestations in the world of nature. They are connected to the radiation of the sunrays in one way or another. This is proved in the various sciences particularly in the physics.

4- The bountiful rains pour down from the clouds and the clouds are the same vapours created by the radiation of sun upon the ocean’s surface. For that reason all the resources of the water that raise by the rain water including the rivers, springs, subterranean canals and the deep wells are created by the blessing of the sunshine.

5- The winds that dutifully performs the alterations of climates and the movements of the clouds, pollination of the plants and they are responsible for the transfer of summer and winter from one place to another, from the hot places to the cold lands. By the effect of the sunrays and the alteration of the temperature, the ranges of lands have been created on the earth. Like this manner they too take the living matter from the sunrays.

6- The material and resources causing energy commonly like waterfalls, the massive dams in the mountainous surroundings, the resources of petroleum and coal, they are entirely attached to the sunshine, If this sun had not been present none of them would have been existing today and the entire movements upon the earth’s face would have been coming to rest.

7- The endurance of solar system exists from one means because of balance in the magnetic and defensive power in the sun and from the other side the planets revolving around it. Like this manner the sun had an important role in the protection of these planets in their orbits.

From this entire discussion it is acquired that if the Dominant God in the first vow started by the sun, what is reason behind it.

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