Rafed English

Interpretation of Surah al-Shams (The Sun) - Part 4

The next verse discussed about one of the important subjects of creation and includes: After bringing the body to the powerful systematization with soul of man, inspired the human being about the evils and piousness.

فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

Yea when the creation of man got completed and he gained his absolute existence, when the all knowledgeable God educated him, what he must perform and what he must not do. Like this manner his existence turned out to be a combination of smelling soil and the divine soul and in the field of education the man is all aware of the evils and the virtues, as the result he is the creature that ascends higher than angels and fly like them and becomes a creature far more than his imagination.

While sliding down and descending he turns out to be the worse than the wild beasts and reaches the last stage of meanness. And it depends upon him what path will he selects, with the help of his resolution and choice.


This term is taken from the word ilham, basically its exact meaning is to engulf or to drink something and then it means the inspiration of the great God’ in the life and soul of man. As if the human soul with all his real self, drinks and engulfs that subject matter and at times it gives the meaning of the inspiration too. But some of the interpreters believe that there is a difference between the ilham and vahi. The person who receives the ilham does not know from where he received it. Whereas at the time of vahi he knows from which source he received it.


This term is taken from the word fajr, we indicated it previously too and it means the wide opening and crack. Where the morning light breaks apart the veil of the night, it is called fajr. And the commitment of sins tears apart the veil of the devotions and loyalty.


The above term is taken from the word: وقايه that means to protect and to guard the man against the ugliness, impiety, pollutions and the sins and place him cooperatively in security.

It is essential to remind this verse: فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

It does not mean that the Generous God created the sources of the evils and virtues in the inner self of man. The source that encourage him towards the vicious and polluted act which tears off the veils of the shyness and the sources that draw him towards the charity and excellent deeds, some guessed that there exists the controversies within the man.

But it is said: These two facts are expressed by the revelation and education of the man or in the simple language illustrated him what is the spotless path and what is the road with potholes. As it is mentioned in the verse 10 of the Surah Balad:

 وَهَدَيْنَاهُ النَّجْدَيْنِ (90:10):And shown him the two highways (of good and evil)?

In other words, the Wise God bestowed the man such power of wisdom, research and wide awake conscious, to find out the evils and piety by the help of wisdom and nature.

Hence some of the interpreters revealed that this verse in fact indicated towards the evils and brilliance of wisdom that the Originator God gifted the man the power to realize it.

Interestingly the Glorious God bestowed immense blessings in the possession of the man. But among all the favours he emphasised upon the subject of the revelation of the evils, piety and the distinction among the beauty and ugliness, as this matter builds the future of man.

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