Imam Hadi's (a.s.) Traditions from the Prophet (a.s.)
- :Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi
Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated a group of traditions from his fathers who narrated them one by one from the Prophet (a.s.). Here are some of them:
1. Al-Mas’oudi said, “Muhammad bin al-Faraj told me in Jirjan…that Abu Du’amah said, ‘I visited Ali bin Muhammad bin Ali bin Musa during his illness that led to his death and when I wanted to leave, he said to me, ‘O Abu Du’amah, you have a right on me. Do I tell you a tradition that shall delight you?’ I said to him, ‘I am in utmost need of that O son of the messenger of Allah.’
He said, ‘My father Muhammad bin Ali told me from his father Ali bin Musa bin Ja’far from his father Ja’far bin Muhammad from Muhammad bin Ali from Ali bin al-Husayn from al-Husayn bin Ali from his father Ali bin Abu Talib that the messenger of Allah (a.s.) said to him, ‘Write down!’ Ali said, ‘What shall I write down?’ The messenger of Allah (a.s.) said, ‘Write down: “In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Faith is that which hearts acknowledge and deeds prove, and Islam is that which tongues witness and marriage becomes lawful with.’
Abu Du’amah said, ‘O son of the messenger of Allah, I do not know which of them is better; the tradition or the narrators!’ Ali al-Hadi (a.s.) said, ‘It is a book written down by the hand of Ali bin Abu Talib and the dictation of the messenger of Allah (a.s.) that we inherit one from the other…’ 1
This tradition shows the difference between faith and Islam (being a Muslim). Faith is to settle inside the soul and the deep of heart and to be proved through good deeds, but Islam (being or turning a Muslim) is to witness the oneness of Allah and the prophethood of Muhammad (a.s.) and consequently marriage becomes lawful besides other positive orders that require being a Muslim in order to be achieved.
2. Al-Hasan bin Ali narrated from Abul Hasan al-Hadi from his fathers that Ameerul Mo’minin said, “Once, I heard the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his progeny) say, ‘When people will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection, a caller will call me: O messenger of Allah, Allah has permitted you to reward your lovers and the lovers of your household (progeny) who have followed them for the sake of you and been opponent to their enemies for the sake of you. You can reward them as you like.’ I shall say, ‘O my Lord, Paradise! You put them in whatever part of it You like. This is the praised estate You have promised of.” 2
3. Abul Hasan al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers that the Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘Love Allah for the blessings He gives you, and love me for the love of Allah, and love my household for my love!’ 3
4. Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers that the Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘On the Day of Resurrection I will be intercessor for four ones; the lovers of my progeny, one who follows them, one who shows enmity against their enemies, one who carries out their needs, and one who relieves their distresses…’ 4
The Prophet (a.s.) stressed on loving his pure progeny and made this love as an obligation on every Muslim man and Muslim woman, because loving and following them would protect the nation from disagreement, separation, deviation and seditions.
5. Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers that the Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘Allah the Almighty says: O son of Adam, you are not fair to Me. I endear Myself to you through blessings and you make yourself hated through sins. My good comes down to you and your evil comes up to Me. Every day and night a honorable angel comes to Me bringing ugly deeds from you. O son of Adam, if you hear your description from other than you while you do not know who the described one is, you will soon hate him…’ 5
The tradition invites people to do good deeds and avoids the deeds that Allah hates, because every deed goes up to Allah. Allah has said, (To Him do ascend the good words; and the good deeds…) 6 and He rewards His people due to their deeds in the worldly life.
6. Imam Abul Hasan al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers that the Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘My daughter was named Fatima because Allah the Almighty has weaned 7 her and whoever loves her from Fire…’ 8
7. Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers from his grandfather Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) that Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansari said, ‘Once I was with the Prophet (a.s.). I was at his side and Ali Ameerul Mo’minin at the other side when Umar bin al-Khattab came drawing some man from the collars. The Prophet (a.s.) asked Umar, ‘What is the matter with this man?’ Umar said, ‘He narrated that you had said: ‘He, who says “there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah” will be in Paradise. If people hear this, they will give up good deeds. Have you said this?’ The Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘Yes, if they keep to the love and guardianship of this man.’ He pointed to Imam Ali (peace be upon him).’ 9
8. Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers from his grandfather Imam Ali (a.s.) that the Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘O Ali, Allah has created me and you from His light when He created Adam and put that light into Adam. This light reached to Abdul Muttalib and then it divided and so I was in Abdullah and you were in Abu Talib. Prophethood does not fit other than me and guardianship does not fit other than you. Whoever denies your guardianship denies my prophethood and whoever denies my prophethood Allah will throw him down on his nose into Fire…’ 10
Allah created Prophet Muhammad (a.s.) and his guardian Imam Ali (a.s.) from one light and then they illuminated intellectual and social life and liberated the earth from idolatry and superstitions of the pre-Islamic era. They were but one self. Whoever denied the guardianship of Imam Ali (a.s.) denied the prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (a.s.) and will have no share in the afterlife and will be among losers.
9. Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers that the Prophet (a.s.) had said to Imam Ali (a.s.), ‘O Ali, he, who loves you, loves me, and he, who hates you, hates me.’
There are many prophetic traditions declaring that the love to Imam Ali (a.s.) is out of the love to the Prophet (a.s.) and the hatred towards Imam Ali (a.s.) is out of the hatred to the Prophet (a.s.) because Imam Ali (a.s.) was the very self of the Prophet (a.s.), the gate of the town of his knowledge, the father of his two grandsons, and his defender in all situations and battles.
10. Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) narrated from his fathers from his grandfather Ameerul Mo’minin (a.s.) that the Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘He, who likes to meet Allah (on the Day of Resurrection) safe, purified, and without fearing the great horror, let him follow you O Ali, and follow your two sons al-Hasan and al-Husayn, and (your grandsons) Ali bin al-Husayn, Muhammad bin Ali, Ja’far bin Muhammad, Musa bin Ja’far, Ali bin Musa, Muhammad bin Ali, Ali bin Muhammad, al-Hasan bin Ali, and al-Mahdi the last of them. O Ali, at the end of time there will be a group of people following you where people will hate them but if they love them it will be better for them if they know. They (that group) will prefer you to their fathers, mothers, brothers, tribes, and all relatives. The best blessings of Allah be on them. Those people will be resurrected under the banner of Hamd (praise). Allah will forgive their bad deeds and exalt their positions as reward for what they have done.’ 11
11. He narrated that the Prophet (a.s.) said, ‘People (after death) are of two kinds; one will rest and the other will relieve (others). One, who will rest, is a believer. He will be free from this world with all its troubles and will go to the mercy of Allah and His great reward. As for the one, who will relieve, is a dissolute. People, animals, and trees will be relieved from him and he will go to what he has done.’ 12
1. Muruj ath-Thahab, vol.4 p.114.
2. Bihar al-Anwar, vol.3.
3. Al-Amali by Sheikh at-Toosi.
5. Al-Amali by Sheikh at-Toosi.
6. Qur'an, 35:10.
7. In Arabic “fatama” means weaned.
8. Bihar al-Anwar, vol.10.
9. Bihar al-Anwar, vol.8.
10. Bihar al-Anwar, vol.9.
11. Bihar al-Anwar, vol.9.
12. Al-Amali by at-Toosi.
Adapted from the book: "The Life of Imam ALI bin Muhammad AL-HADI" by: "Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi"
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