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Imam al-Hasan (a.s.)

His father was the Commender of the faithful (Amir al-muninin), Ali b. Abu Talib. His mother was the mistress of the women of the worlds, Fatima the daughter of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family.

His Birth

He was born in Medina on the night of the middle day of the month of Ramadan, in the year 3 A.H.He was the eldest son.

When Al-Hasan was born, the Prophet, may Allah bless Him and his family, took Him. Then the Prophet said the adhan (call to prayer) in Al-Hasan's right ear, and said the iqama (wods similar to the adhan) in his left ear. Then he sacrified a ram for Him (in the ceremony of Aqiqa). Then he shaved his hair. He (i.e, the Prophet) gave silver qual to his hair. So the weight of Al-Hasan's hair was a the aqiqa and giving alms as equal as the weight of of hair have become Sunna (an act of the Prophet)

The Prophet named Him Hasan. People did not know such a name in the pre-Islamic period. Also he gave Him Kunya (i.e the name by which an Arab is usually referred to and which refers to Him as the father of someone, usually his eldest son) as Abu Mohammad, Al-Hasan had no Kunya other than this (Abu Mohammad).

His Nick-Names

al-Sibt, al-Sayyid, al-Zaki, al-Mujtaba, al-Taqi.

His Wives

Al-Hasan married Umm Ishaq bint (the daughter of) Talha b. 'Ubayd Allah, Hafsa bint (the daughter of) Abd al-Rahman b. Abu Bakr, Hind bint (the daughter of) Suhayl b. Amru, and Juda bint (the daughter of) al-Ash'ath b. Qays, whom Mu'awiya tempted to kill Al-Hasan. So she killed Him with poison.

His Children

Al-Hasan had fifteen children, both male and female: Zayd, Al-Hasan, Amru, al-Qasim, Abd Allah, Abd al-Rahman, Al-Hasan al-Athram, and Talha, Umma Al-Hasan, Umma al-Hasayn, Fatima, Umm Salama, Ruqayya, Umm Abd Allah, and Fatima.

His Characteristics

No one was more llike the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless Him and his family, than Al-Hasan b. 'Ali, peace be on Him, in form manner, and nobility.

In this manner the describers have described Al-Hasan and said; "He (Al-Hasan) had a white, reddish face, He had black eyes, smooth cheeks, thick heard, and curly, plentiful hair, His neck was as white as a jug of silver, His body was good. He had large shoulders, and bid fleshy bones. He was of medium height; neither long nor short, He was handsome; the best of all people in face.
Al-Hasan, peace be on Him, was as the poet said:

When some handsomeness creeps into the insights of imagainations, He (Al-Hasan) has the special share.

His forehead from under his forelock is like
The full moon that illuminates the dark night
His ambergris and musk is far above the perfume of
The people of the earth, so he is the heavenly perfume.
Ibn Sa'ad siad; "Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn used to dye with black."
Wasil b. Ata, said "Al-Hasan b. 'Ali, peace be on them, had the visage of prophets and the glory of kings.

His Worship

Al-Hasan, peace be on Him. performed the Hajj on foot twenty five times. When he mentioned death, he wept

When he mentioned the grave, he wept, When he mentioned the resurrection, he wept. When he mentioned crossing the sirat (a kind of bridge which only the righteous can cross on the road to Paradise), he wept. When he mentioned the standing before Allah, the Great and Almighty, he fainted. when he mentiond Paradise and Fire, he shock as the sick person did. So he asked Allah to make Him enter Paradise and to protect Him from.

When Al-Hasan performed an ablution for prayers, he shock all over and his face became pale.
Al-Hasan, peace be on Him, shared his property with Allah three times, He gave people from his property twice in the way of Allah, the Exalted. He mentioned Allah, the Great and Almighty, in all conditions whrther plesant or otherwise.

They (the historians) said "He (Al-Hasan, peace be on Him) was the best of all people in worshipping Allah and refraining from the life in this world."

Adopted from the book: "Sulh al-Hasan (a.s.)" by: "Sheykh Radi al-Yasin"

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