Adapted from: "Imam 'Ali's First Treatise on The Islamic Ethics and Education" by: "Zainol Aabideen Qorbani Lahiji"
Wisdom is a truth which is taught by all Prophets.1 This is especially true in the case of our Prophet (S) who has put wisdom on his instructive agenda:
"وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمْ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ"289
"… and teaches them the Book and the wisdom."
The holy Qur’an defines wisdom as the greatest divine asset, and emphasizes:
"وَمَنْ يُؤْتَ الْحِكْمَةَ فَقَدْ أُوتِيَ خَيْرًا كَثِيرًا 290"
"…and whoever is granted wisdom, he, in deed, is given a great good."
Finally, wisdom is introduced as the light of any wise and pious person’s heart: a heart with no wisdom is deprived of divine light:
“Wisdom is the light of every heart”. 2
""اِنَّ الحِكْمَةَ نُورُ كُلِّ قَلْب
It is for this very reason that Imam ‘Ali (as) orders his son to illuminate his heart with wisdom. With regards to the special role of wisdom in Islam, it is necessary to delve into the truth behind wisdom and its consequences.
1. "وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُمْ مِنْ كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ"
“And when Allah made a covenant through the prophets: certainly what I have give you of Book and wisdom…”[Qur’an 3:81].
2. Bihar al-Anwar, vol.14, p.316.