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Fruits and Vegetables

Health Benefits

Eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables as an overall healthy diet may...

  • reduce risk for stroke and other cardiovascular diseases.
  • reduce risk for type 2 diabetes.
  • protect against certain cancers, such as mouth, stomach, and colon-rectum cancer.
  • reduce the risk of coronary artery disease.
  • help decrease bone loss and reduce the risk of developing kidney stones.


  • No fruits or vegetables have cholesterol, and most are naturally low in fat and calories.
  • Vegetables are a great source for potassium, dietary fiber, folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin C.
  • Fruits are a great source for nutrients such as potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin C and folic acid.
  • Diets rich in potassium may help to maintain healthy blood pressure.
  • Dietary fiber helps reduce blood cholesterol levels and may lower risk of heart disease. Fiber is important for proper bowel function. Fiber-containing foods such as vegetables help provide a feeling of fullness with fewer calories.
  • Folic acid (folate) helps the body form red blood cells. Women of childbearing age who may become pregnant and those in the first trimester of pregnancy should consume adequate folic acid, including folic acid from fortified foods or supplements.
  • Vitamin A keeps eyes and skin healthy and helps to protect against infections.
  • Vitamin E helps protect vitamin A and essential fatty acids from cell oxidation.
  • Vitamin C helps heal cuts and wounds and keeps teeth and gums healthy.
  • Vitamin C also aids in iron absorption.

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