First Incident that Divided Muslims into Shi'ah and Sunnah
This incident being the dreadful and dangerous stance by Umar ibn al-khattab and most of the Companions towards God's Messenger (S) intended to write to them the letter that can safeguard Muslims against deviation and astrayal. 4 But they opposed him strongly rudely, showing no reverence for his sublime status, and rather accusing him with obsscenity and halluciation, claiming that they being sufficed with Allah's Book, no need for the Messenger's writing .
Through this incident that Ibn 'Abbas has called 'misfortune of Muslim', we come to realize that the majourity of the Sahabah reject the Prophetic saying: "We suffice with God's Book",
Whereas, on the other side, we find 'Ali (A) and his followers of the companions who were called (Shi'at 'Ali) by the Prophet (S), as being obedient to the Prophet's commandments without any objection or dispute, considering all his sayings and acts as an obligatory Sunnah to be followed exactly like God's Book. The Qur'an expressly said: "O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger..." (4:59) 'Umar ibn al-Khattab's Sirah (career) is known for all Muslims, and his stances in opposing the Prophet during all stages of his life, are well-known.5
Further, 'Umar was naturally believing in not to adhering the Prophetic Sunnah, demonstrating this expressly through his rules when he became (Amir al-mu'minin) and was excerting his opinion against the Prophetic texts (nusus), and even against the express Divine Texts, prohibiting what Allah made lawful, and making lawfu what Allah prohibited .6
As usual, his followers and supporters followed his suit, and those who admired him, the former and the latter ones, have been following his suit and his good heresies as they call.
Through the following you shall see that they abandon the Prophet's Sunnah and follow 'Umar's Sunnah.
4. The Thurdays misfurtume is well-known in Sahih al-Bkhari,and Sahih Muslim.
5. We have fully covered the matter of 'Umar's objection to the Peophet (S) in the book Fas'alu Ahl-Dhikr.
6. Like his prohibiting the share of those whose hearts are to be reconciliated, emjoyment of hajj, and Mut'ah of women (temporaly marriage), which are deemed lawful by Allah. Beside his deeming lawful the thrice t alaq through one t alaq (divorce), which Allah ha prohibited.
Adapted from the book: "The Shi'ah; The Real Followers of the Sunnah" by: "Dr. Muhamad al-Tijahi al-Samawi"
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