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Classification of Fast observers On the Basis of Eating at Dawn (Saheri) and Fast-breaking (Iftar)

Fast observers from the point of view of their intention (niyyat) for eating at dawn (saheri) and fast breaking (iftar)may be classified as follows:

1. Those who do not make any special intention for eating saheri and iftar and simply eat to enjoy the food taste as well as to make up for the hunger during the fasting.

2. Those who eat saheri and iftar with the intention of enjoying the food taste and make up for the hunger, but at the same time with the intention that eating saheri and iftar are recommended (mustahab) and help a person in his worshipping.

3. Those who eat saheri and iftar because, it is recommended, Allah likes it, and it helps a person in worshipping, but in addition to that also pay due regard to special etiquette and instructions about saheri and iftar - etiquette such as recital of Holy Qur'an, engaging in special supplications before, after, and during saheri and iftar, and praising and thanking Allah (the Glorious, the Exalted).

Adapted from: "Spiritual Journey of the Mystics (Suluk-i Arifan)" by: "Mirza Javad Aqa Maleki Tabrizi"

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