Rafed English

The Traditions that the Prophet Appointed Imam Ali as Guardian and Successor

The Eighth Spurious Argument:

THE TRADITIONS THAT THE PROPHET APPOINTED IMAM ALI AS GUARDIAN AND SUCCESSOR

The Shias are criticized for saying that the Prophet Muhammad (s) had recommended that the Imamate and the caliphate were for Ali and his sons (a), and that the Prophet's Companions had opposed his testament.

THE ANSWER

Among both Shias and Sunnis it has been established that the Prophet (s) had appointed Ali to be the Caliph and Imam after him. At the Well of Khum (Ghadir Khum), he proclaimed Ali to be his successor in the presence of groups of Muslims coming back from his last Hajj. He made sure that every one heard this in spite of the big crowds on that day. The news had reached everyone and everywhere. The chain of transmission of the news of Ghadir Khum in Sunni books has been uninterrupted and certain.

We have collected 256 sources of the tradition of al Ghadir from the books of our Sunni brothers in our book al-Jami' li Barahin Usulul-I'tiqadaat. We had adequately explained that the tradition clearly meant to appoint Ali as leader and Imam after the Prophet (s). Here we quote it in brief:

Ibn Asaakir said in his book The History of Damascus vol. p.45: Abu Bakr Muhammad bin al-Husayn bin al-Marziqi told us that abul-Husayn Muhammad bin Ali bin al- Muhtadi told us that abul-Hasan Ali bin Umar bin Muhammad bin al-Hasan told us that al-Abbas bin Ahmad told us that Nasr bin Abdur-Rahman abu Sulayman al-Washa' told us that Zayd bin al-Hasan al-Anmati told us that Ma'roof bin Kharbooth al-Makki told us that he had heard from Abut-Tufayl Aamir bin Wathila that Hudhayfa bin Useid said, "When Prophet Muhammad (s) had come back from his last hajj (farewell hajj), he ordered his Companions to stop at some trees which were near each another in the desert. He came and did his prayer under the trees. Then he stood up and said,

'O people, Allah the Most Kind the Omniscient has told me that no apostle lives to more than half the age of him who had preceded him. I think I am about to be called (die) and thus I must respond. I am responsible and you are responsible, then what do you say?' They said, 'We witness that you have informed, advised and striven. May Allah bless you.' He said, 'Do you not bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and Apostle, and that His Heaven is true, His Hell is true, death is true, the Resurrection after death is true, that there is no doubt that the Day of Judgment will come, and that Allah will resurrect the dead from their graves?' They said, 'Yes, we bear witness'. He said, 'O Allah, bear witness.' Then he said, 'O people, Allah is my Lord and I am the lord of the believers. I am worthier of believers than themselves. Of whomsoever I had been Gurdian, Ali here is to be his Guardian. O Allah, be a supporter of whoever supports him (Ali) and an enemy of whoever opposes him.' Then he said, 'O people, I will go ahead of you and you will arrive at my Pond (in Heaven) which is wider than the distance between Basra and San'a. It has receptacles as numerous as the stars, and two cups of gold and two of silver. I will ask you about the two weighty things that I have left for you when you come to me to see how you dealt with them. The greater weighty thing is Allah's book-the Holy Qur'an. One end is in Allah's hand and the other is in your hands. Keep it and you will not deviate. That other weighty thing is my family and my descendents. The Most Kind the Omniscient had told me that both of them, would not separate until they come to my Pond."

The aforementioned account has been a summary of the tradition. We will now cite some of its sources along with the names of the Companions who had heard it from the Prophet (s), as quoted from the books of our Sunni brothers. After omitting names that have been repeated the following is what we have gathered from their books:

1) Narrated by Zathan, from thirteen persons, mentioned in (Ahmad's book Musnad) vol. 1 p. 84.

2) Ziyad bin Abu Ziyad, from twelve persons, who had fought in the battle of Badr. (Ahmad's Musnad) vol. 1 p. 88.

3) Sa'id bin Wahhab, from five or six persons (an-Nassa'i's book al-Khasa'is), p. 21 and Ahmad's Musnad vol. 5 p. 366.

4) Sa'id bin Wahhab, from six persons - Al-Khasa'is p. 26 and 40.

5) Sa'id bin Wahhab, from six persons in The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 28.

6) Sa'id bin Wahhab, from thirteen persons-Majma'uz-Zawayid, vol. 9.

7) Sa'id bin Wahhab and Zayd bin Yathigh, from twelve persons- Musnad, vol. 1 p. 118.

8) Sa'id bin Wahhab and Zayd bin Yathigh, from some persons- Kifayat at-Talib, p. 18.

9) Zayd bin Yathigh, from six persons- Al-Khasa'is, p. 26.

10) Amr Dhi Mur, Sa'id bin Wahhab and Zayd bin Yathigh, from thirteen persons-The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 18.

11) Amr Dhi Mur and Sa'id bin Wahhab, from six or seven persons- The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 19.

12) Sa'id bin Wahhab and Abd Khayr, from some persons-The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 20.

13) Zayd bin Arqam, from sixteen persons-Musnad, vol. 5 p. 370.

14) Abut-Tufayl, from many persons-Musnad, vol. 4 p. 370

15) Abut-Tufayl, from thirty persons- Musnad, vol. 4 p. 370.

16) Abut-Tufayl, from seventeen persons- Al-Isaaba, vol. 4 p. 156.

17) Abu Zumayla, from some persons- (Ibn abul-Hadid's book, Sharh Nahjul-Balagha).

18) Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla, to twelve people- Musnad, vol. 1 p. 118.

19) Abdur- Rahman bin Abu Leyla-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 9.

20) Also Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 9.

21) Amr bin Sa'd, from six persons- Al-Khasa'is, p. 21.

22) Umayra bin Sa'd, from twelve persons- Hilyatul-Awliya', vol. 5 p. 26.

23) Umayra, from eighteen persons-The History of Baghdad, vol. 2 p. 13.

24) Umayra, to eight-The History of Baghdad, vol. 2 p. 13.

25) Amr Dhi Mur, to some persons- Al Khasa'is, p. 40.

26) Abu Qulaba, to more than ten people- Al-Kuna wa al-Asma', vol. 2 p. 61.

27) Abu 'Ishaq as-Subay'i, from more than ten people- Mushkil ul-Athar, vol. 2 p. 307.

28) Abu Hurayra, Anas and Abu Sa'id, from nine persons and others besides- Majma'uz-Zawa'id, vol. 9 p. 708.

29) Umar bin Abdul-Aziz, from some persons- Hilyatul-Awliya', vol. 5 p. 364.

30) Abd Khayr, Amr Dhi Mur and Habbatul-Urani, from twelve people- Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib p. 20.

31) Al-Asbagh bin Nabata, from some persons- Al-Isaaba, vol. 4 p. 80.

32) Riyah bin al-Harith, from some of the Ansar- Musnad, vol. 5 p. 419.

33) Riyah bin al-Harith, from some people- Musnad, vol. 5 p. 419.

34) Salama, abu at-Tufeil from Hudhayfa bin Useid al-Ghifari- Ahmad's Manaqib.

35) Salama from Hudhayfa bin Usayd, at-Tirmidhi's Sahih, vol. 13 p. 165, The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 45.

36) Ma'ruf, from Hudhayfa bin Usayd al-Ghifari.

37) As'ad bin Zurara, from his father- Muwazihul-Awham, vol. 1 p. 91.

38) Isa bin Talha, from Talha bin Abdullah- Al-Kafi ash-Shafi, p. 95.

39) Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas-The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 53.

40) Umar bin al-Khattab-The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 80.

41) Malik bin al-Huwayrith-The History of Damascus, vol. 2 p. 80.

42) Habashi bin Junada- Al-mu'jam ul- Kabir, p. 127.

43) Amr Dhi Mur- Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, vol. 5 p. 210.

44) Abdullah bin Bamil- al-Isaaba, vol.2 p. 374.

45) Talha- Al-Kafi ash-Shafi, p. 95.

46) Habba bin Juwayn al-Urani- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.1 p. 376.

47) Hamid bin Imara- Majma'uz-Zawa'id, vol.9p. 107.

48) Bishr bin Harb, from Jarir- Al-Mu'jam ul-Kabir of At-Tabarani, p. 127.

49) Hamid at-Tawil, from Anas-Ibnul- Maghazili's Manaqib.

50) Sa'd bin Malik- Mustadrak us-Sahiheyn, vol.3 p. 116.

51) Abul-Hamra'- Arjah ul-Matalib, p. 581.

52) Musa bin Ayyub, from Abu Hurayra-The History of Baghdad, vol.8 p. 290.

53) Al-Bazzar, from Abu Hurayra- Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, p. 94.

54) Ibrahim bin al-Husayn, from Abu Hurayra-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 72.

55) Abu 'Ishaq al-Khitabi, from Abu Hurayra, Vol.2 p. 74.

56) Mansur bin abul-Aswad, from Abu Hurayra-…. vol.2 p. 74.

57) Abu Ya'la, from Abu Hurayra-The History of Damascus, vol.2p. 74.

58) Abdullah bin Adiy, from Abu Hurayra-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 75.

59) Habshun, from Abu Hurayra-The History of Damascus, vol.2p. 75.

60) Ali bin Shu'eib, from Abu Hurayra-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 76.

61) Ad-Daqqaq, from Abu Hurayra-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 77.

62) Samra bin Jundub-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 71.

63) Shuriet bin Anas-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 72.

64) Abu Leyla bin Sa'id- Al-Jarh wet-Ta'dil, vol.4 p. 431.

65) Qubaysa, from Jabir bin Abdullah-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 65.

66) Qubaysa, from someone else-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 63.

67) Muhammad bin al-Munkadir, from Jabir bin Abdullah-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 65.

68) Abu Salama, from Muhammad bin al- Munkadir- Ibnul- Maghazili's Manaqib, p. 25.

69) Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Aqil, from Muhammad bin al- Munkadir- Kifayatu at-Talib, p. 14.

70) Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Aqil, from someone else- The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 62.

71) Abdur-Rahman bin Bahman-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 63.

72) Ibn Abbas bin Burayda- Al Khasa'is, p. 21.

73) From another direction to Ibn Abbas from Burayda,- Al Khasa'is, p. 21.

74) Tawus, from Burayda- Al-Mu'jamu s-Saghir, vol.1 p. 71.

75) From another direction, to Tawus, from Burayda- Hilyatul-Awliya', vol.4 p. 23.

76) Sa'id bin Ubayda, from ibn Burayda, from his father, Ahmad's Musnad, vol. 5 p. 358.

77) Sa'id bin Ubayda from another direction- Musnad, vol. 5 p. 358.

78) Sa'id bin Umayr, from ibn Burayda, from his father- Al Khasa'is, p. 21.

79) Al-Mansur, from his father, from his grandfather, from Ibn Abbas-The History of Baghdad, vol.12 p. 343.

80) Umar bin Maymun, from Ibn Abbas- Musnad, vol.1 p. 331.

81) Aamir bin Wathila- Talkhis ul-Mustadrak, vol.3 p. 109.

82) Aamir bin Wathila from another direction- Al Khasa'is, p. 24.

83) Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla-The History of Baghdad, vol.14 p. 236.

84) Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla from another direction- Ibn Kathir's Tafsir, vol 2 p. 14.

85) Abdur- Rahman bin abu Leyla from a third direction- Tafsir, vol.2 p. 14.

86) Jundu' bin Amr bin Mazin- Usdu l-Ghaba, vol.1 p. 308.

87) Tawus, from his father- Ahmad bin Hanbal's Manaqib, (Manuscript).

88) Abu Leyla bin Sa'id, from his father- Al-Jarh wa at-Ta'dil, vol.4 p. 431.

89) Ya'la bin Murra- Usdu l-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 233.

90) Abu Ayyub- Al-mu'jam ul- Kabir, p. 157.

91) Abu Ayyub from another direction- Usdu l-Ghaba, vol. 5 p. 6.

92) Abu Bastam, Usama's freed slave-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 86.

93) Alqama, from Abu Sa'id-al-Bukhari's book The History of Bukhari, vol.2 p. 194.

94) Al-Abdi, from Abu Sa'id- Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib.

95) Bint Ka'b (Ka'b's daughter) from Abu Sa'id- Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, vol. 5 p. 208.

96) Al-Abdi, from Abu Sa'id- Khawarizmi's Manaqib.

97) Ali bin Khadim, from Abu Sa'id-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 69.

98) Abu Ubayd, from Ibn Maymun, from Zayd bin Arqam- Musnad, vol.4 p. 372.

99) Auf, from Ibn Maymun, from Zayd bin Arqam- Al Khasa'is, p. 22.

100) Shu'ba, from Ibn Maymun, from Zayd bin Arqam- The History of Islam, vol.2 p. 196.

101) From another direction to Shu'ba, from Zayd bin Arqam- The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 42.

102) Ibn Wathila, from Zayd bin Arqam- Mustadrakus-Sahiheyn, vol.3 p. 109.

103) Al-Hakam bin Abu Sulayman, from Zayd bin Arqam- Ibnu l-Maghazili's Manaqib, p. 23.

104) Al-Hasan bin Kathir, from Zayd bin Arqam- Faza'ilu as-Sahaba, of As-Sam'ani, (Manuscript).

105) Yahya bin Ja'da, from Zayd bin Arqam-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 41.

106) Abdul-Malik, from Zayd bin Arqam- Ahmad's Musnad, vol.4 p. 370.

107) Atiya al-Aufi, from Zayd bin Arqam-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 39.

108) From another direction to Atiya- Musnad, vol.4 p. 370.

109) Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam- Al Khasa'is, p. 21.

110) From another direction to Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam- Al-Mu'jamu l-Kabir, p. 127 (Manuscript).

111) From another direction to Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam- Kifayatu at-Talib, p. 13-14.

112) From another direction to Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam- ibn Kathir's Tafsir, vol.2 p. 14.

113) Abu Maryam or Zayd bin Arqam- Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, vol.7 p. 348.

114) Abu Surayha or Zayd bin Arqam-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 36.

115) Hudhayfa bin Usayd or Zayd bin Arqam- Al-Mu'jamu l-Kabir, p. 157 (Manuscript).

116) Abu Abdullah ash-Shami, from Zayd bin Arqam-The History of Damascus, vol.2p. 38.

117) Abuz-Zuha, from Zayd bin Arqam- Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, p. 20.

118) Zayd's wife, from Zayd bin Arqam- Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, p. 16.

119) Habibu l-Iskafi, from Zayd bin Arqam-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 41.

120) Abu 'Ishaq, from Zayd bin Arqam-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 41.

121) Yazid bin Talha- Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, vol. 5 p. 108.

122) Abu 'Ishaq as-Subay'i, from al-Bara' bin Aazib- Al-Kuna wa al-Asma', vol.1 p. 160.

123) Abd bin Thabit, from al-Bara' bin Aazib- al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, p. 93.

124) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from another direction- Fara'idus-Samtein, vol.1 p. 64.

125) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from a third direction- Fara'idus-Samtein, vol.1 p. 65.

126) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from a fourth direction- Ibn Maja's Sunan, vol.1 p. 55.

127) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from a fifth direction- Musnad, vol.4 p. 281.

128) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from a sixth direction- Musnad, vol.4 p. 282.

129) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from a seventh direction- Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, vol. 5 p. 208.

130) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from an eighth direction- Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, vol. 5 p. 208.

131) Al Bara' bin Aazib from a ninth direction- Al-Bidayah wa an Nihayah, vol. 5 p. 208.

132) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from a tenth direction-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 48.

133) Al-Bara' bin Aazib from an eleventh direction-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 50.

134) Al-Bara' bin Aazib, from another direction-The History of Damascus vol.2 p. 50.

135) Abu 'Ishaq, from al-Bara' bin Aazib and Zayd bin Arqam-The History of Damascus vol.2 p. 52.

136) Hudhayfa bin al-Yaman-al-Hasaqani's Du'atul-Hudat.

137) Ammar bin Yasir-Fara'idus-Samtein vol.1 p. 195.

138) Fatima (Prophet's daughter-peace be upon her)-Arjahul-Matalib p. 448 and 571.

139) Abdullah bin Mas'ud-ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib p. 23.

140) Amr Dhi Mur, from Imam Ali-Mizanul-I'tidal vol.2 p. 303. The History of Damascus vol.2 p. 30.

141) From another direction to Amr Dhi Mur, from Imam Ali-Fara'idus-Samtein vol.1, p. 67.

142) Abu Maryam and one of Imam Ali's Companions-Ahmad's Musnad vol.1, p. 152.

143) Umar bin Ali, from Imam Ali-Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah vol. 5, p. 221.

144) Aamir bin Wathila, from Imam Ali-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, vol.1, p. 41.

145) Salman, from Imam Ali-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, vol.1 p. 41.

146) Zayd bin Wahhab and Abd Khayr, from Imam Ali-Ibn Kathir's Tafsir, vol.2, p. 14.

147) Al-Husayn bin Ali, from Imam Ali-The History of Damascus, vol.2, p. 26.

148) Umar bin Ali, from Imam Ali-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 28.

149) Abu at-Tufayl, from Imam Ali-The History of Damascus, vol.2, p. 20.

150) Zayd bin Arqam, from Imam Ali-The History of Damascus, vol.2, p. 20.

151) Some persons, from ibn Abu Awfa-Al-Kuna of al-Bukhari, p. 66.

152) Atiyah, from ibn Abu Awfa-ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, p. 24.

153) Umayra bin Sa'd-ibn al-Maghazili's Manaqib, p. 26.

154) Amr bin al- Aas-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, p. 125.

155) Abdur-Rahman bin Saabit, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas-Ibn Maja's Sunan, vol.1, p. 58.

156) Aamir bin Sa'd, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas-History of Islam, of ath-Thahabi, vol.2.

157) Ayman, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas-Al Khasa'is, p. 4.

158) 'Aa'isha bint Sa'd, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas-Al Khasa'is, 24-25.

159) From another direction to ('Aa'isha bint Sa'd)…. from Sa'd bin abu Waqqas- Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, vol. 5 p. 208.

160) Abu at-Tufeil, from Abu Qudama- Usdul-Ghaba, vol. 5 p. 276

161) Ya'la, from Aamir bin Leyla- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 93

162) Ya'la bin Murra, from Yazid or Zayd bin Shuraheel - Usdul-Ghaba, vol.2 p. 233.

163) Hudhayfa bin Usayd and Aamir bin Leyla bin Zamra- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 92.

164) Aamir bin Leyla from another direction- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 93.

165) Abu Amra, from Amr bin Mahz- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

166) Abu Zaynab- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

167) Sahl bin Hunayf- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

168) Khuzayma bin Thabit- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

169) Abdullah bin Thabit al-Ansari- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

170) Habashi bin Junada- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

171) Ubayd bin Aazib- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

172) Nu'Man bin Ajlan- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

173) Thabit bin Wadi'a- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307.

174) Abu Fuzala al-Ansari- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307

175) Ibn Umar-The History of Damascus, vol.2 p. 83.

176) Najiya bin Amr al-Khuza'i- Usdul-Ghaba, vol. 5 p. 6.

177) Miqdad bin Amr- Usdul-Ghaba, vol. 5 p. 6.

178) Zurr bin Hubaysh, from Abdullah bin Badil bin Warqa'- Al-Kashshi's men, p.45.

179) Al-Asbagh, from Ubayd bin Aazib al-Ansari- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.3 p. 307 and vol. 5 p. 205

180) Amr bin al-Aas- Khawarizmi's Manaqib, p. 126, Al-Imama wa as-Siyasa , p. 93.

181) Qays bin Sa'd bin Ubada- Al-Kashshi's Rijal, p. 45.

182) Ibn Abbas-Ahmad's Musnad, vol.1 p. 331.

183) Jabir bin Samra- Kanzul-Ummal, vol.6 p. 398 from Ibn abu Sheiba.

184) Sulaym bin Qays, from some persons, one of them was Abu Dharr- Fara'idus-Samtein, vol.1 p. 315.

185) Hasan bin Thabit- Fara'idus-Samtein, vol.1 p. 73.

186) Habib bin Badil bin Warqa'- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.1 p. 368.

187) Qays bin Thabit bin Shamaas - Usdul-Ghaba, vol.1 p. 367.

188) Hashim bin Utba- Usdul-Ghaba, vol.1 p. 368.

OTHER SOURCES OF THE GHADIR TRADITION

This tradition was mentioned in the books of the Sunnis in other ways and by Companions other than those mentioned above. Unfortunately, we could not find the names of all its narrators.


189) Al-Hafiz bin Uqda mentioned it in his book Al-Wilayah, -chap. At-Tara'if, p. 140 and
Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi in his book Al-Manaqib, vol.3 p. 25 narrated by Abu Bakr bin Abu Quhafa.

190) Al-Hafiz bin Uqda in his book, -chap. At-Tara'if, p. 142

191) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi in his book Al-Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 narrated by Ubei bin Ka'b

192) Ibn Uqda in At-Tara'if, p. 142 by Asma' bint Umays al-Khatha'miya

193) Ibn Uqda- At-Tara'if, p. 142 by Umm Salama (the Prophet's wife)

194) Ibn Uqda-At-Tara'if, p. 142 by Jibila bin Amr al-Ansari.

195) Ibn Uqda, At-Tara'if, p. 141 and Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi in his book Al-Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Imam Husayn bin Ali (peace be upon them).

196) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Al-Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Khalid bin al-Walid

197) Ibn Uqda in his book Al-Wilayah, -chap. At-Tara'if, p.142 by Sa'id bin Sa'd bin Ubada.

198) Ibn Hajar in his book Al-Isaaba, vol.2 p. 255 narrated by Aamir bin Umayr an-Nimyari.

199) Ibn Uqda, Al-Wilayah -chap. At-Tara'if, p. 142 by 'Aa'isha bint Abu Bakr.

200) Ibn al-Maghazili, Al-Manaqib p. 27 by Abdur-Rahman bin Auf.

201) Ibn Uqda and al- Khawarizmi in his book Maqtal, p. 48 by Abdur-Rahman bin Ya'mur ad-Daylami.

202) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Abdullah bin Abu Abdul-Asad al-Makhzumi.

203) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p.142 by Abdullah bin Bashir al-Mazini.

204) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Abdullah bin Ja'far.

205) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Uthman bin Affan.

206) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Abu Wasma Wahshi bin Harb.

207) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Abu Juhayfa Wahhab bin Abdullah.

208) Mentioned by Abu Hatim, Ibn Asaakir and Muhibbud-Din at-Tabari in book Arjahul-Matalib, p. 339 by Ibn Shurayh.

209) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 24 and Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Rifa'a bin Abdul-Munthir

210) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 and Ibnul-Maghazili, Manaqib, p. 27 by az-Zubeir bin al-Awwam.

211) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Zayd bin Abdullah.

212) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Sa'd bin Junada.

213) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Sa'd bin Ubada.

214) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Salman al-Farisi.

215) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Salama bin Amr bin al-Aqua'

216) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Abu Umama as-Sadiy bin Ajlan al-Bahili.

217) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Zumayra al- Asadi.

218) Ibnul-Maghazili, Manaqib, p. 27 by al-Fazl bin Muhammad from Sa'id bin Zayd.

219) Ibn Hajar, Isaaba, vol.2 p. 255 by Musa bin Aqtal from Aamir bin Umayr.

220) Ibn Hajar, Isaaba, vol.3 p. 257 by Aamir bin Leyla al- Ghifari.

221) At-Tabarani, Ihya'ul-Mayyit, by Abdullah bin Huntub

222) Khawarizmi, Maqtal, p. 48 by Abdullah bin Rabi'a.

223) Khawarizmi, Maqtal, p. 48 by Amr bin Shurahil.

224) At-Tabarani, Kanzul-Ummal, vol.6 p. 154 and Ahmad bin Hanbal, by Amr bin Murra

225) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 and Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Abul-Haytham bin at-Tayhan.

226) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 and Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Abu Rafi'

227) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 and Khawarizmi, Maqtal, p. 48 by Abu Thuwayb

228) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Umm Hani.

229) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Zayd bin Haritha.

230) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Abdullah bin Abu Awfa al- Aslami.
231) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Abdullah bin Umar bin al-Khattab.

232) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, vol.3 p. 142 by Abdur-Rahman bin Mudlaj.

233) Abu Na'im, Hilyatul-Awliya', chap. Al-Yanabi' p. 38 by seventeen persons, one of them was Adiy bin Hatim.

234) Abu Na'im, Hilyatul- Awliya', chap. Al-Yanabi' p. 38 by seventeen persons, one of them was Uqba bin Aamir.

235) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Umar bin Abu Salama.

236) Ibn Uqda and Khawarizmi in his Maqtal, p. 48 by Imran bin Husayn.

237) Ibn Uqda, Khawarizmi, Maqtal, p. 48 by Amr bin al-Hamq.

238) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Fatima bint Hamza.

239) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by al-Miqdad bin Amr.

240) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 141 by Abu Barza Fazla bin Utba.

241) Ibn Uqda, Tara'if, p. 142 by Atiya bin Bisr.

242) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Ubada bin as-Samit

243) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Abdullah bin Unays

244) Abu Bakr al Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Urwa bin Abu al-Ja'd

245) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Amr bin Hurayth

246) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Abdul-A'la bin Adiy

247) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Uthman bin Hunayf

248) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Bashir bin Abdul-Munthir

249) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Qays bin Aasim and by Abu Kahil on the same page

250) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Abu Rifa'a

251) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Hubab bin Utba

252) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Jundub bin Sufyan

253) Abu Bakr al-Ju'abi, Manaqib, vol.3 p. 26 by Khabbab bin Samra.

Adapted from the book: "Spurious Arguments about the Shia" by: "Abu Talib at-Tabrizi"

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