Rafed English

The Rules for Touching the Names of Allah, the Glorious, and the Verses of the Qur’an

Q 146: What is the rule concerning the pronouns referring to Allah, the Exalted, such as in the expression, " bismihī ta‘ālā"?
A: The rule concerning His Names does not apply to pronouns.

Q 147: It has been usual to write ‘A.’ instead of the name of ‘Allah,’ what is the rule with respect to touching this letter without wuḍū’?
A: The rule concerning Allah’s names does not apply to the ‘A.’, i.e. touching it without wuḍū’ is no problem.

Q 148: I work in a place where the word ‘Allah’ is written in the form of ‘A.’ in correspondence. Is it correct to write in this way instead of writing the real Divine Name that is indicated upon?
A: There is no objection to doing so.

Q 149: Is it permissible to abstain from writing the Name of ‘Allah’ or to write it as ‘Al...’ just for the probability that it might be touched by someone without wuḍū’?
A: There is no objection to doing so.

Q 150: Blind people use a script called Braille for reading and writing on which they pass their fingers. Is it necessary for the blind, while learning the Noble Qur’an and also while touching the sacred names written in Braille to have wuḍū’?
A: If the protruding dots are signs for the original letters, the ruling of the letters is not applicable to them. But, if, according to the view of informed people, they are considered as script, it is necessary to observe caution in touching them.

Q 151: What is the rule concerning touching such names as Abdullah and Ḥabībullah without wuḍū’?
A: It is not permissible for one who is not in a state of purity to touch the name of Allah, even if it is a part of a compound name.

Q 152: Is it permissible for women, during their menstrual period, to wear a necklace engraved with the blessed name of the Prophet (s.)?
A: There is no objection to hanging it around the neck, though based on obligatory caution the name should not touch the body.

Q 153: Is the prohibition of touching the words of the Noble Qur’an without purity limited to the case where they are in the sacred scripture, or is it ḥarām, although they are found in other books, tableaux, walls, etc.?
A: It is not limited to the sacred scripture. Rather, it also includes the Qur’anic words and verses written in other books, newspapers, magazines, tableaux, etc.

Q 154: A family uses a dish for eating rice on which Qur’anic verses, such as The Verse of Āyah al-Kursī inscribed for the sake of blessing. Is there any problem in this?
A: If they are touching it with wuḍū’ or using spoons for eating, there will be no problem.

Q 155: Is it obligatory for persons engaged in typing, with typewriter, the Divine Names, or the verses of the Holy Qur’an or the names of the Infallible Imams (a.) to have wuḍū’?
A: Purity is not a condition for this work, but it is not permissible for them to touch the printed items without wuḍū’.

Q 156: Is it ḥarām to touch the emblem of the Islamic Republic of Iran without wuḍū’?
A: If the emblem of the Islamic Republic is, as per common view, considered and read as the exalted name of Allah, then touching it without wuḍū’ is forbidden. Otherwise, there is no problem, although based on caution it is better not to touch it without wuḍū’.

Q 157: What is the ruling concerning printing the emblem of the Islamic Republic of Iran on official papers and using it in correspondence, etc.?
A: There is no problem in writing or printing the name of Allah or the emblem of the Islamic Republic of Iran and it is based on caution to observe the rulings of the name of Allah in this emblem, as well.

Q 158: What is the rule concerning using postal stamps on which verses of the Noble Qur’an or the Name of Allah or other Names of Allah, the Glorious and Exalted, are written, or to print the emblems of institutions containing verses of the Noble Qur’an in newspapers, magazines and publications that are published every day?
A: There is no problem in printing and publishing Qur’anic verses, the name ‘Allah’, or the like. But, it is obligatory for whoever handles them to observe the related rules of Islamic law and to refrain from dealing with them irreverently or making them najis or touching them without wuḍū’.

Q 159: In some newspapers the names of Allah or Qur’anic verses are written. Is it permissible to wrap food with them, sit on them, use them instead of a tablecloth and put food on them, or throw them into the garbage knowing that it is difficult to get rid of them through other ways?
A: It is impermissible to use these newspapers for such purposes which are considered in the common view as disrespect while it is no problem if they would not be considered like that.

Q 160: Is it permissible to touch the words engraved on rings?
A: If they are words that require wuḍū’ to touch them, it is not permissible to touch them without wuḍū’.

Q 161: What is the rule concerning throwing something which includes the names of Allah, the Exalted, into rivers and streams? Is this act considered as disrespecting them?
A: There is no objection to throwing it in rivers or streams if the common view does not consider it as irreverence towards them.

Q 162: Is it obligatory while throwing corrected exam papers in the garbage or while burning them to ascertain that they do not contain the names of Allah, the Exalted, and those of the Infallibles (a.)? Is it considered extravagance to throw away papers with one blank page (i.e. only one page is used)?
A: It is not obligatory to investigate, and when you are not sure whether it includes the name of Allah, the Exalted, there is no objection to throwing it in the garbage. However, as to papers that are partly blank, and can be used for writing upon them or can be used for manufacturing cardboard, burning them and throwing them away which may amount to extravagance, is not free of problems.

Q 163: What are the sacred names whose veneration is obligatory and which it is unlawful to touch without wuḍū’?
A: It is ḥarām to touch the names and attributes special to Allah, the Gracious, without wuḍū’. And obligatory caution lies in applying the same rule to the names of the Great Prophets and the Infallible Imams (a.).

Q 164: What are the shar‘ī methods for erasing the holy names and Qur’anic verses when there is a need to do so? What is the rule with respect to burning papers that carry Allah’s Name and Qur’anic verses when it becomes necessary to destroy them in order to keep secrets?
A: There is no problem in burying them in the soil or converting them, with water, into pulp. But burning them is problematic and, when considered disrespect, impermissible except when compulsion calls for it and it is not possible to cut out Qur’anic verses and the holy names from them.

Q 165: What is the rule concerning shredding the holy names and Qur’anic verses in such a way that no two letters remain connected to each other and the names and verses become illegible? Does it suffice in their effacement, in order to evade their rule, to change their written form by adding some letters to them or erasing some of their letters?
A: If shredding them in such a manner amounts to disrespect, it is impermissible. Otherwise, if it does not lead to the disappearance of Allah’s name and verses of the Holy Qur’an, it is not sufficient. Also, changing the words through addition or removal of some letters does not prevent the rule from being applied to a letter intended to be a part of Allah’s name at the time of writing. It is not remote to say, when changing of the letters is considered as effacement, that the rule of holy names is not applied to them, though caution lies in refraining from touching them without wuḍū’.

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