The Promised One in the Holy Qur'an
The Promised One in the Holy Qur'an
It is imperative that the routes of the firm beliefs and understandings of Islam must be contained in the Holy Ouran, the words of God. It is with the reason, the basic belief of 'MAHDAVIYAT is seen in the ayats of Quran in totality (that is the society, from every aspect) reaching to the heights of justice and fair place.
Apart from this a number of Ouranic ayats have been commented upon by the Prophet of Islam (PBUH)and his pious vicegerents on the subjects of 'MAHDAVIYAT. Those who possess the knowledge of Quran. have raised certain points from its meaning in such a way that the basis of this subject is proved along with its various aspects beyond doubt.
Shia Ulemas have frequently collected Ayats from good old days on this subject which are supported by Ahadees. Late Shaikh Ali Yazdi Haeri in his priceless book 'EL ZAMUN-NASIB’ has collected more than 120 ayats. Similarly Allama Sayyed Hashim Behraini has also collected 120 ayats in his famous book “Al MAHAJJATO- FI- MAA- NAZZALA-FI-QAIMIL-HUJJAH”. But it is a fact that the total number of ayats on the subject are definitely more than this number.
Lately a book by the name “AL-MAHDI-FIL-QURAN” has been written on this subject, with this charachteristic that it had traditions related directly or indirectly through references from authentic books of Ahle-Sunnat. The number of such verses is 105. It is hoped that the translation of these 'ayats’ published here will increase the basis of the faith in 'MAHDAVIYAT in those hearts which are burning with the love of Hazrat Hujjat [a.s.]. these very people would be prepared and putting in more and more efforts to fly high the flag of Justice, equality and belief. 'O' Lord give life to the Holy Quran by your nominee and proof [Hazrat-Hujjat) and always enlighten us with the light of his Radiance and let not the darkness of night creep into it. With his help enliven the dead hearts and cure the hearts which are full of jealousy. Gather all the desires for his sake and put them on the right path. For the sake of his pious existence. put into practice the laws of Religion which are discarded and made meaningless AMEEN!
"IT (QURAN) IS GUIDE TO THOSE WHO GUARD (AGAINST EVIL). THOSE WHO BELIEVE IN GHAIB." 2.3 Hafiz Sulaiman Qanduzi Hanafi in his book 'YANABAYUL MAWADDAT writes through his teacher who in return quotes from Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari, that ...
Jundal bin Junadah, a Jew came to the prophet of God (PBUH) and became Muslim after getting an answer to a question. Then he asked the holy prophet about his successors (AWSIYA). The Holy prophet (S.A.) in response to his question started to narrate the names of his successors till he said: ".... after him (Imam Hasan Askari A. S.) is his son Mohammad (AS.) who will be called by the name of 'MAHDI', 'QAIM' and 'HUJJAT. He will have an occultation.(GHAIBAT). Then he will reappear. When he will reappear (bring revolution) the whole world will be filled with equity and justice as it was before full of injustice and persecution. How fortunate and worth congratulations are those people who will work with patience and steadfastness during his GHAIBAT. How fortunate and worth congratulations are those people who will stick to his (Mahdi’s and all Imams) love. These are those people about whom God has, while describing their attributes in his book said "HUDAL-LIL-MUTTAQEEN" ........... till the end of Hadees. (YANABAYUL MAWADDAT) Author:
'MUTTAQUEEN' are those people who have faith in lmam Mahdi (A.S.) and 'GHAIB' is he himself. As it is known that 'GHAIB' is a thing which can not be perceived by the five senses. Just as 'GHAIB' applies to GOD who can not be comprehended by five senses and 'AAKHRAT (Hereafter) which also is a GHAIB as it is hidden from the five senses. Exactly in the same manner Imam-Mahdi [A.S.) too is 'GHAIB' (occultation). [During the occultation of Imarn [A.S.I no one will be able to see him and if somebody sees him he will fail to recognise him. There are very few people who have been or will be fortunate enough to see him)
" SO THERE GUSHED FROM IT TWELVE SPRINGS" (2:60)
The great scholar Syed Hashim Behrani. in his book. 'GAYATOOL-MARAM' quotes from [he book 'AL-MANAQIB' wntten by Faqueeh Abul hasan bin Shaazan* (Hundred merits from non-shia narrators) who has narrated from lbn-e-Abbas that "I have heard the Holy prophet (PBUH) saying that (lbne-Abbas starts a lengthy hadees of which a part. is given .below.) "One who is pleased with my Love, Obedience and Guardianship should accept the WILAYAT (LOVE, Obedience and Guardian-ship) of Ali-Ibn-e-AbiTalib and of the Imams who will come in my progeny. As they are Treasurers and protectors of my Knowledge. At this moment Jaabir bin Abduilah got up and asked: 'O' Prophet of God, what are the numbers of Imams? The Holy Prophet (PBUH] replied; 'O' Jaabir may God send this mercy upon you, as you have inquired from me about whole of Islam. Then he said, "They are in equal to the number of springs which gushed out for Musa bin lmran when he struck his stick on a stone. The number of springs were twelve'.
Since the Holy prophet has given the example of I2 Imarns by the Twelve springs which is described in Ouran (2:60) we also following the prophet have mentioned it at this place. * Shaikh Faqueeh Abul Hasan bin Ahmed bin. Ali bin Shazaan is known as lbn Shazaan' and he was a contemporary of Shaikh Mufeed and was the Author of "EEZAH-DAFAIN .." The hundred Manaquib (Merits) are listed in the book whichis known as 'MIATA-MNAQUIB'.
(NAJMUS-SAAQUIB —p. 336)
"0 YOU WHO BELIEVE BE PATIENT AND EXCEL IN PATIENCE AND REMAIN STEAD FAST AND BE CAREFUL OF (YOUR DUTY TO) ALLAH THAT YOU MAY BE SUCCESSFUL."
Hafiz Qanduzi Hanafl quotes Imam Mohammad Baquir (A.S.), that Imarn said regarding the above verse of Holy Ouran. "Be patient .upon fulfilling your obligatory duties and be steadfast while facing your enemies oppression and, keep contact with your awaited. Imam Mahdi(A.S.)
(YANABAYUL—MAWADDAT page 506)
This means keep yourselves (your lives) closely and fastly related and connected with Imam Mahdl [A.S) and keep your soul attached to him. In this sentence there is a hint that there should be a positive cetainity of pious existence of Imam and that there must be a strong will without any duress to sacrifice one self and his life in his path and be ready for jihad in his presence.
"SURELY THE NUMBER OF MONTHS WITH ALLAH IS TWELVE MONTHS IN ALLAH'S ORDINANCE SINCE THE DAY WHEN HK CREATED THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH."
The Great Scholar Syed Hashim Behrani writes in his book 'GHAYTOOL-MAARAM', quoting Faqih Abul Hasan Mohammad bin Ali bin Shazaan, who in turn quotes lbn-e-Abbas in his book 'AL-MANAQIB-AI.-MIATA-MIN-TAREEQUL AAMMA':
lbn-e-Abbas says that he heard from the prophet (PBUH). (from a long tradition) 'O' people whosoever wants to recognise after me the Vicegerent of God (VALI-e - KHUDA) should recognise Ali [A.S] '"0' people, whosoever wants to follow me should follow Ali (A.S), and give obedience to him and accept the WILAYAT and Authority of lmams of my progeny, because they are treasures and Guardians of my Knowledge." Thereafter Jabbir got up. and asked: " 'O' Prophet of God, How many Imams are there? The holy prophet replied, " 'O''Jaabir may God bless you. You have inquired from me about the whole of Islam. Their number is equal to the number of months and that "SURELY THE NUMBER OF MONTHS WITH ALLAH IS TWELVE." (9:36). Then he said 'O' Jaabir Imams are also twelve. The first of them is Ali lbn-Abi Talib (A.S.) and the last is 'QAIM'.
(GHAYAATUL-MARAAM page 244)
The fact that the Holy prophet compared the twelve Imams with twelve months and then his reciting the Holy verse of Quran (9:36). and then immediately saying that the Imams are twelve and the last one of them is 'QAIM', all these things prove and give witness that the interpretation of this holy verse is the Infallible lrnarns (A.S.) and the interpretation given by the Holy prophet is the spirit of Holy Ouran.
"HE IT IS WHO SENT HIS APOSTLE WITH GUIDANCE AND THE RELIGION OF TRUTH, THAT HE MIGHT CAUSE IT TO PREVAIL OVER ALL RELIGIONS THAT THE POLYTHEISTS MAY BE AVERSE."
Hafiz Qanduzi Hanafi has quoted Imam Jafare-e-Sadiq(A.S.) that regarding the above verse of Holy Ouran said: "By God, this verse can not be interpreted until QAIM MAHDI rises. So when QAIM will rise and bring about the Revolution, no Polytheist (MUSHRIK) will remain in his place, and no disbeliever (KAFIR) will be saved from being killed. So much, so that even if a disbeliever hides himself inside a stone, that stone will cry out: " 'O' Faithfull! A disbeliever is hiding inside me, so break open me and kill him."
(YANABAYUL-MAWADDAT page 508)
The Imam's saying that no disbeliever will remain without being killed refers to those enimical and envious disbelievers about whom Holy Ouran has said
"THEN INCREASE IN THEIR DISBELIEVE" [4:137).
Moreover there are many traditions which show that those disbelievers who do not harbour enimity and hatred for Islam and muslims will accept Islam as the religion and imam Mahdi (AS.) as Imarn and the successor of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Imam Sadiq's saying that the stones will speak; there should not be any surprise in talking of stones after having faith in power of God. Since imam Mahdl (a.s.) is lmam from God there should be no hindrance in God's giving him this miracle. Who is there to prevent the Omnipotent ALLAH from causing such things from the hands of Imam Mahdi (AS.) to happen. The hands through which God will make His religion victorious over all religons.
Did not the pebbles of stone talk on the hands of the holy prophet (pbuh). although at that time God did not make His religion prevalent upon all religions.
Therefore there should be no surprise. Is it not a fact that God had sent His holy prophet Noah (AS.) for the Guidance of the people and yet only few people accepted his faith despite his long mission of 950 years.?
Note: This verse has been repeated thrice in Quran in three different places in exactly the same words. So they shall be counted as three different verses. Therefore we shall repeat its explanation while dealing with the commentary on Surah Fath and Surah Saff.
"WHAT REMAINS WITH ALLAH IS BETTER FOR YOU IF YOU ARE BELIEVERS"
Shaafic Scholar Syed Momin Shablanji has quoted a long tradition in his book
'NOOR-UL-ABSAAR' from Imam Mohammad Baquir (A.S). A part of it is given below:-
"So when Mahdi (A.S) will reappear he will rest his back against the wall of Kaaba and 313 of his followers will gather around him. Then the first word which he will utter will be the verse of Holy Quran "BAQIYATULLAH - HE- KHAYR.UL-LAKUM-IN-KUNTUM MOMINEEN'. Thereafter he will say "I am BAQIYATUL-LAH. HIS vicegerents and caliph and His Proof (HUJJAT) upon you. After that who ever will salute him will salute him in this words
"ASSALAAMO-ALAIYKA-YA BAQUIYATALLAH FIL-ARDEHI"
(Peace be upon you 'O' the Remnant of God on his earth)
(Noor-nl-Absaar, page 172)
Also Allamah lbn-e-Sabbagh-Maliki (in twelveth chapter of his book "AL-FUSOOL-AL-MUHIMMAH" and other scholars have quoted this tradition.
The explanation of the verse does not come into conflict with the tradition about Prophet Shoeb (A.S.). because TANZEEL (descendence) and TAWEEL (explanation) are two different things and the Quran also has ZAAHIR (outward meaning) and BAATIN (hidden meaning). Hence the interpretation of either of them — when continuous traditions are found do not create any controversy.
"AND CERTAINLY WE WROTE IN THE BOOK AFTER THE REMINDER THAT (AS FOR) THE LAND, MY RIGHTEOUS SERVANT SHALL INHERIT IT."
Hafiz Qanduzi Hanafi. regarding the above verse of Ouran. quotes from Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (A.S.) and Imam Muhammad Baquir (AS.) that the two great Imams said "They are the QAIM and his Companion".
(Aqd-ud-dar chapter 7 page 217)
Till today it has never happened that the Righteous servant of God have established a Government over the whole of earth. Neither in the time of Caliphs. What else can be said except that this work will be done by Imam Mahdi (A.S.), the awaited one.
Zaboor: The book which was sent on Prophet Dawood (AS.)
Zikr: Means 'Torah' which was revealed for prophet Moses (AS.)
"AND BECAUSE THE HOUR IS COMING THERE IS NO DOUBT ABOUT IT."
Shaafai jurist Abdur Refhman bin Abi Bakar Suyooti has. in his tafeeer quoted Abu Saeed Khudn (RA.) from Sunan Abu Dawood: that he said. The Holy prophet (PBUH) said, 'The QIYAMAT' (Doomsday) will never come until the Government of Mahdi from us is not established over the whole world. His forehead will be large and his nose will be prominent. He will fill the earth with justice as if was till then filled up with injustice and oppression."
(AD. DURR-UL-MANSOOR: 50)
Suyooti says: and Ahmad bin Hanbal quotes Abu Saeed Khudri. that the Holy prophet said: "I give you the glad tidings of Mahdi. Almighty God will send him in my Ummat at a time when disagreement and anarchy will be rampant." Then he will fill the world with justice as till then it will be filled up with injustice. The residents of earth and heavens will be pleased by him. He will distribute wealth and property very properly and with justice. Some one inquired. What does properly mean?' Prophet. replied it means with equitably. He will make the hearts of the Urnmat of Mohammed (PBUH) satisfied and clean. His justice will impress all so much so that he will ask to announce that who requires wealth. In response to it only one man will get up. He will tell him to go to the treasurer and say that Mahdi wants you to give money to me The treasurer will tell him to collect with both hands but when he will try to put it in his clothes he will be ashamed to see that it is already full. He will say: I was most greedy among the Urnmat-e- Mohammed (PBUH) because I was weak. in which, the others were strong."
The holy Prophet (pbuh) then said that the man will want to return that wealth, but it will not be taken back from him and he will be told that I do not take back what I have already given.
There are many traditions which indicate that the word 'SAAT' denotes two things. First those two days when Mahdi (AS.) will appear, and second the day of QIYAMAT. The reason that the first 'SAAT" will be of two days and that it will be a day of mercy for believers and a day of chastisement for disbelievers and hypocrites.
Just as the word 'HASHR' is also used for two occasions; First that day when some people will be gathered according to the order.of God. "THAT DAY WHEN FROM EVERY NATION A GROUP WILL BE RAISED". Second that day when all the people will be raised and it is called the day of QIYAMAT. As Ouran says "WE WILL GATHER THEM AND LEAVE NOT ANY ONE OF THEM." (18:47)
Thus the Holy verse (22:7) denotes as per traditions, the time when Mahdi (AS) will reappear and rise
AHZAB - 33
"ALLAH ONLY DESIRES TO KEEP UNCLEANNESS AWAY FROM YOU
'O' PEOPLE OF THE HOUSE AND TO PURIFY YOU A (THOROUGH)
Shaafi Scholar Jalaluddin Suyooti, in his book 'AL-URF-UL-VARDI' quoting traditions says, that the Holy prophet said; "very soon after me will come my successors than the 'AMEERS' and then the oppressor and tyrant kings. Thereafter 'Mahdi' from my family will bring about a revolution and will fill the world with justice and equity before which it was filled up with injustice and inequity."
(AL-URF-UL-VARDI page 2 - 64)
This tradition is also found in all the below listed books.
1. AQD-UD-DARAR FEE AKBAAR-IL.MAHDI-YIL MUNTZAR (Chapter l.Vol. 12)
2. KANZUL-AMMAL-'By Ali Muttaqi Hindi (Vol. 7 - page 186)
3. AL-AKBAR-FEE-SAAHIBUZ-ZAMAN' By Ganji Shaafie(AI-Bayan Chap. 12)
4. 'Al -FUSOOL-AL-MUHlMMAH' By lbn-e-Sabbagh-e-Maliki (Chapter 12)
5. 'ARJAH-UL-MATAALIB' By Ubaidullah hindi Hanafi (page 380)
6. lbn Maajah in his 'Sunan quotes Mohammad lbn Hanafiya and Ameerul Momineen (AS.) saying that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said. " 'Mahdi' is from our 'Ahl-ul-Bait, no doubt ALLAH will better his Amr (Government) within a night." (Sunan-e-lbne-Maajah) (Vol 2. page 269)
This tradition has also been narrated by Hanabali leader Ahmed lbn-Hanbal in his MUSNAD Vol. 1. page 84)
The following scholars have also quoted it in almost similar words,
1. Ibn-e-Khaldoon in his Muqaddimah (page266)
2. Munaadi in his book 'KUNZOOL-HAQAIQ'. (Hashia-a:-Jaim-us. Sagheer,
3. Suyooti in 'Al Jami-us-Sagheer' (page 2/160) and 'AL-URF-Ul-VARDI' (2/78)
Still many more scholars have narrated it. Ali Muttaqui hindi hanafi has, in his 'AL- BURHAN' quoted Huzaifah-bin yaman. According to hirn the Holy Prophet said. "If the life of the world will remain not for more than one solitary day, the Lord of the worlds will lengthen it to such an extent that a man from my family will attain the ruler's seat." (Al Burhaan-fee-alaamat-e-Mahdi-e-aakihruz-ZAMAAN Chapter 2)
Traditions having similar words have also been quoted by Abu Dawood in his 'SUNAN' (2/131) and by lbn-e-Araby in Sharh-e-Tirmizi (Vol. page 74)
SAAD 79 - 81
79 HE SAID: MY LORD! THEN RESPITE ME TO THE DAY THAT THEY ARE RAISED
80 HE (GOD) SAID: SURELY YOU ARE OF THE RESPITED ONES
81 TILL THE PERIOD OF THE TIME MADE KNOWN
Shaafei scholar 'Hamweeni' has quoted Imam Ali bin Moosa Reza (as.) through Hasan bin Khalid that Imarn said:
"ILLA WAQTIL MAALOOM' (The Known time) is the day of our "QAIM's rising." He was asked. 'O' son of the Prophet: From whose family is your QAIM? He replied: in fourth generation of my progen y. He will be the son of the leader of the lady slaves of God (KANEZAAN-e-KHUDA). Through him God will clear the world of all injustice and tyranny ........"
(FARAIDUS-s-SlMTAIN — Vol 2)
SURAH ZUMAR - 69
"AND THE EARTH SHALL BEAM WITH THE LIGHT OF ITS LORD"
Hanafi scholar Qanduzi.in his book YANABAYUL-MAWADDAT quotes lrnam Abul Hasan Ali bin Moosa-ar-Reza (A.S), regarding the description of 'Mahdi' and says that, Imam said. so when he will rise. "the earth shall beam (shine)with the light of his Lord ."(39.69)
Imam Reza (A.S.) has here quoted the exact verse of the Holy Quran which testifies that the said verse will be in pious being of Imam Mahdi (a.s.) the awaited one.
SURAH SHURA 23
"SAY: I DO NOT ASK OF YOU ANY REWARD FOR IT BUT LOVE FOR MY NEAR RELATIVES"
Hanafi scholar Hakimi Haskani has quoted, Ibn-e-Abbas as saying, 'When this verse came down people asked, 'O' Prophet of God, who are these people that the order of Love has been given by God?'
The Holy Prophet replied
"ALI, FATIMA, and both their SONS
ALI, FATIMA, and both their SONS
ALI, FATIMA, and both their SONS."
He repeated this sentence thrice. (SHAWAHID-UT-TANZEEL — Vol 2 page 132)
It Should be borne in mind that Imam Mahdi (AS.) is from the progeny of Ali (AS) and Fatima (A.S). Hence this verse applies to Mahdi (AS.) also. and he too is among the people in whose praise this verse came down.
FATEH - 28
"HE IT IS WHO SENT HIS APOSTLE WITH THE GUIDANCE AND THE TRUE RELIGION THAT HE MAY PREVAIL OVER ALL THE RELIGIONS."
Two Shaafie scholars 'Ganji' and 'Shablanji' have said in their books 'AL-BAAYAN' and 'NOOR-UL-ABSAAR' in the explanation of the above verse of Holy Quran that Saeed bin Juabair says
"He is Mahdi who is in the progeny of Fatima [A.S.)
(AL-BAYAN-FEE-AKABAR-I-SAHABUZ-ZAMAAN page 73)
These same words have come in three Surahs of the Holy Quran. one the above in Surah FATH. the other in Surah Taubah and third in Surah Saff. Following the Holy Quran we prefer to describe them in their places.
For Surah Taubah one more tradition from Hafiz Qanduzl has been quoted which may please be seen.
SURAH HADEED - 17
"KNOW THAT ALLAH GIVES LIFE TO THE EARTH AFTER ITS DEATH"
Hafiz Qanduzi Hanafi says: According to Salaam bin Mustaneer. Imam Mohammed Baquir said about this verse "God Almighty will give life to the earth through the'Qaim'. He will establish justice and fair play on it. As it had become dead due to tyranny he will again enliven it with justice."
(YANABAYUL-MAWADDAT page 514)
SAFF - 9
"HE IS WHO SENT HIS APOSTLE WITH GUIDANCE AND THE TRUE RELIGION, THAT HE MAY MAKE IT OVER COME THE RELIGIONS, ALL OF THEM, THOUGH THE POLYTHEIST MAY BE AVERSE."
Hafez Qanduzi Hanafi. regarding about the above verse says quoting Imam Jafar -e-Sadiq (AS.) that he said; "By God, this verse can not be interpreted until QAIM- e - MAHDI rises and brings about the revolution. So at the time when QAIM rises there will not be a single Polytheist (MUSHRIK) who will not dislike the revolution, and there will not be any disbeliever (KAFIR) who will not be killed. So much so that even if an unbeliever hides himself inside a stone, that stone will shout, 'O' believer, there is an unbeliever inside me so break me up and kill him."
Since this verse has appeared thrice in Holy Quran. we have following the Holy book dealt with it in three different places. A brief explanation of this tradition has gone before in the commentary upon 33rd verse of Surah Taubah. which may please be seen.
"THEREFORE BELIEVE IN ALLAH AND HIS APOSTLE AND THE LIGHT WHICH WE HAVE REVEALED; AND ALLAH IS AWARE OF WHAT YOU DO."
Allamah Qabeesi says that Hafez Abu Jafar Mohammed bin Jareer Tabari (d.310H) has quoted Zaid bin Arqam in the book 'AI-VILAYAH'. He said, 'When the Holy Prophet (SAW) returned from his last Hajj and reached at Ghadeer-e-Khum even though it was past midday and it was very-very hot, he ordered all of us to go towards big trees which were full of branches and leaves'
Then he got up and proclaimed 'Congregational prayer' We all gathered and then the Holy Prophet (S) gave a very clear and eloquent sermon during which he said, " 'O' people Believe in Allah and His apostle and the light which we have revealed" (64:8) Then he said "That light (NOOR) is in me than in Ali and thereafter in his progeny. Until it will end in QAIM-MAHDI."
'BUT NAY! I SWEAR BY THE STARS'
Hafiz Qanduzii Hanafi says about these words of God Almighty, that Hani and he from Imam Muhammad Baquir (A.S) narrate that Imarn said, 'KHUNNAS' is that Imam who will disappear, that is in Hijri 260 will enter the world of absence from the world of presence. Thereafter he will reappear like a shinning star."
(YANABAYUL-MAWADDAT — 515)
"KHUNNNAS' means one who remains hidden. The explanation of this verse is about those stars which disappear while setting. The interpretation of the verse is about Imam Mahdi [A.S.), who disappeared when God ordered him to go into occultation and when again God will order him to reappear tie will come out like a bright star, This tradition is one of the miracles of Imarn Mohammed Baquir (A.S.) as it points towards the future hidden things. As we all know that Imam Mahdi (A.S.) went into occultation in260 A.H. which was almost a hundred years after the martyrdom of Imam Mohammad Baquir (A.S.)
and some other Surahs ....
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