Rafed English

The origin of Hadith Compilation

Ahlisunnah.org/ahlibayt states:

"It is no wonder that Ibn Abil-Hadeed, an extremist Shi''i clergyman, admitingly writes in his Sharh Nahjul-Balaghah:

"The origin of lies in Ahadith of virtues, started with the Shi''ah who fabricated various Ahadith in the virtues of their Aimmah. It was the enmity they held against their adversaries that drove them to fabricate them" [Sharh Nahujul-Balaghah, vol.1, p.783 (Quoting from ash-Shi''a wat-Tashayyu'', p.19)]"

This proves that this alleged scholar does NOT even know basic facts. Ibn Abil Hadeed was NOT a Shi''a he was a Mutazzali scholar, throughout the book he cites the works of grand Mutazzali teachers like ''Abu Bakr Jahuri! It is indeed sad that when a Sunni praises Imam Ali (as) he is automatically labelled a Shi''a, if we follow this flawed premise then I guess the only Sunnis in the world would be Nasibis. Moreover the fact that he was not Shi''a is so obvious from the very quotation you cited, tell us if he was an extreme Shi''a why would he shoot himself in the foot by stating as follows:

"The origin of lies in Ahadith of virtues, started with the Shi''ah who fabricated various Ahadith in the virtues of their Aimmah".

Would a Shi''a write this about himself? What utter nonsense. Now to counter Ibn al Hadid allow us to present the true facts re: the origin of hadith fabrication to you, from one of your own Sunni Ulema Shams al Hind Allamah Shibli Numani:

"Traditions were first formed in book form in the days of Ummayads, who, for about 90 years, throughout their vast dominions stretching from the Indus in India to Asia Minor and Spain, insulted the descendents of Fatima and got Ali openly censured in Friday sermons at the mosques. They had hundreds of saying coined to eulogize Amir Muawiya (taken from Siratun Nabi, By Allamah Shibli Numani English translation, Volume 1 page 60).

Now, lets see who started this tradition of writing:

"Amir Muawiya was the first to encourage writings" (taken from Siratun Nabi, By Allamah Shibli Numani English translation, Vol 1 page 18).

Now let me present to you the type of writings that he encouraged:

al-Tabari reported:

When Muawiyah Ibn Abi Sufyan put al-Mughairah Ibn Shubah in charge of Kufah in Jumada 41 (September 2- October 30, 661), he summoned him. After praising and glorifying God, he said:"Now then, indeed a forbearing person has been admonished in the past... The wise might do what you want without instruction. Although I have wanted to advise you about many things, I left them alone, trusting in your discernment of what pleases me, what helps my regime and what sets my subjects [raiyyah] on the right path. I would continue to advise you about a quality of yours- do not refrain from ABUSING Ali and criticizing him, not from asking God''s mercy upon Uthman and His forgiveness for him. Continue to shame the companions of Ali, keep at a distance, and don''t listen to them. Praise the faction of Uthman, bring them near, and listen to them." (See History of Tabari, English version, events of year 51 AH, Execution of Hujr Ibn Adi, v18, pp 122-123

The modern day Hanafi scholar Mufti Ghulam Rasul also makes this admission is his autobiography on the life of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as):

"During the Banu Umayya reign there was a complete prohibition on hadith and fatwas narrated by Ali (as)".

[Taken from Subhai Sadiq by Mufti Ghulam Rasul, page 355).

So what what do we learn from these narrations:

1. Mu''awiya encouraged people to curse Ali (as)

2. The tradition of cursing ''Ali was practiced throughout the Banu Ummaya Empire.

3. At the same time hadith were first collected

4. Hadith narrated by ''Ali were prohibited

This is the ''love'' that the khalifas of the Jamaah had for Ahl''ul bayt (as).

Adapted from the book: "Historic Background of Shiism"

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