The Islamic System of Judiciary in the Qur'an
- :Jawadi Amuli
There are a number of noble Qur'anic verses which deal comprehensively with the 'system of the judiciary', and which we must examine closely. In the following sections, these verses will be studied and the results sought for derived from them:
1. The need for the judiciary (al-qada'), which is indispensable for the life of human society.
2. The criterion for judiciary.
3. The rules of conduct for the judge, his qualities, rights, and particular duties.
4. The duty of the litigants in observing the criteria specified by none other than revelation and in refraining from opposition to and questioning what has originated from the Source of the judiciary.
5. Matters concerning judiciary, such as testimony and the duties of the witness.
We will discuss these important issues, and study the Qur'anic view of them.
Translated from the Arabic by Batool Ispahany
The author is a leading Iranian philosopher and scholar, and it was he who led the delegation that carried Imam Khumayni's historic letter to President Gorbachev.
The original in Arabic was published by Al-Tawhid (Arabic), No. 14 (3rd year, Jamadi al-'Awwal-Jamadi al-Thani 1405) pp. 44-55.
Adapted from the book: "The Islamic System of Judiciary in the Qur'an" by: "Jawadi Amuli"
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