Tafsir Surah Abasa - Part 2
As Sura e Nun is descended before the Sura e Abasa.
Surat Nun or Al-Qalam (The Pen) - سورة القلم
وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ
And indeed, you are of a great moral character.
If this circumstance of a revelation شان نزول they want to connect it to the prophet peace be upon him then it was not just more than a temporary lapse ترك اولي evidently it was not against the status of his chastity.
As the aim of the prophet was to influence the leaders of Arab and spread the invitation of Islam and defeat their resistance power.
Secondly to get annoyed and turn the face could not affect the blind man in any manner as he is unable to see anything. Besides that Abdullah bin Maktum too was not observing the etiquette of the congregation. When he heard from others that the prophet peace be upon him was speaking to the gathering it was his duty to maintain the silence.
Because of the extreme love, kindness and giving importance to the truth seeking believers, only this much carelessness of prophet peace be upon him before the poor and oppressed believers, the Benevolent Allah does not liked even this minor lapse.
And the other way if we gauge these ayaat from the angle of the rightfulness and greatness we will find out that it is a miracle. As the distinguished leader of Islam in his significant heavenly book defines such, his duty that even a minute lapse and negligence in the original duty ترک اول? that was slightly not caring the truth seeker blind man which angered the Mighty God it is the proof that it is the book of Omnipotent God and he is a true messenger of God. Certainly if the book was not from the Merciful God it would not have such content.
And the strange matter is that according to the above mentioned narrations whenever the prophet peace be upon him was meeting Abdullah bin Maktum he was remembering this event and paying him utmost respects.
And from the other angle these ayaat can represent the Islamic culture which is exhibiting, how it treats the poor and the proud people and how a poor and blind believer was given priority over the rich, powerful polytheist leaders. It is clearly indicating that Islam is the protector and patron of the weak and the enemy of the arrogant and self loving people.
In the end again we repeat that among the interpreters, the first circumstance of a revelationشان نزولis famous. But we must admit that these ayaat explicitly proves that there is not anything about the person of the prophet peace be upon him in them.
(The Prophet (Peace be upon him)) frowned and turned away,
أَن جَاءهُ الْأَعْمَى(80:2)
Because there came to him the blind man, [interrupting].
وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُ يَزَّكَّى(80:3)
But what could tell you that [O Muhammad], perhaps he might be purified
and become pure (from sins)?
أَوْ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ الذِّكْرَى(80:4)
Or that he might receive admonition, and that the admonition might profit him?
أَمَّا مَنِ اسْتَغْنَى
As for him who thinks himself self-sufficient,
فَأَنتَ لَهُ تَصَدَّى
To him you give attention.
وَمَا عَلَيْكَ أَلَّا يَزَّكَّى (80:7)
What does it matter to you if he will not become pure (from disbelief).
وَأَمَّا مَن جَاءكَ يَسْعَى(80:8)
But as for he who came to you striving [for knowledge]
While he fears [ Allah ],
فَأَنتَ عَنْهُ تَلَهَّى(80:10)
Of him you are neglectful and divert your attention to another,
Extremely wrath for not caring the blind man, seeking the truth ... .
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