Some General Rules about Istihazah
- :Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi
It is wajib on the mustahazahto perform the prayer or prayers immediately after the wudu or ghusl. Of course, she is permitted to perform the mustahab acts before, or during, the prayer.
On the other hand, if the istihazahhas stopped completely and the woman has already performed what was required of her, then it is not wajib for her to perform her prayers immediately after the wudu or ghusl.
It is also wajib on the mustahazahto prevent the blood from coming out of the vagina during the prayer by placing a sanitary napkin over it. If she does not take necessary precaution in this matter and the blood comes out of vagina during the prayer, then she will have to repeat her prayer. In this case of negligence, if she has medium or profuse istihazah, then it is precautionarily wajib on her even to repeat the ghusl or ghusls.
If the istihazahstops completely before the woman has performed the wudu or ghusl which was required of her, then what is her duty in regard to those acts?
It is wajib for her to perform the acts which were required of her before she became pure. Likewise, if the blood stops during the wudu or ghusl or salat, it is wajib on her to perform the wudu or ghusl or the prayer again. Even if the blood stops after she has performed her prayers but there still is enough time to do wudu or ghusl and pray, then it is wajib for the woman to perform those acts again.
If a mustahazahknows that the bleeding will stop at a time when she will have enough time to perform her wudu or ghusl and pray (without making them qaza), then it is wajib for her to delay her prayers until she becomes pure. For example, the time of noon and afternoon prayers ends at 5:00 p.m. and the woman has a feeling that her blood will stop before 3:00 or 4:00 p.m. In this case she should delay her noon and afternoon prayers, and perform the wudu or ghusl and pray after she has become pure.
On the other hand, if her istihazahstarted after the time of prayers while she had not yet prayed, then she will have to pray that salat after performing the wudu or ghusl which is required of her. For example, the time of noon prayer commenced at 12:30 p.m. and her istihazah started at 3:00 p.m. In this case she had had enough time from the commencement of noon prayer's time to perform her prayers normally. If she did not do so, then she will have to follow the rules of istihazah to perform that prayer.
If the discharge changes from one level to the other, then what should a mustahazah do?
If it changes from a lower level to a higher level (e.g., from slight to medium bleeding, or from medium to profuse bleeding), then there are two possibilities:
1. The change occured before performing the acts required of her, then she should perform those acts according to the rules of the higher level istihazah, and there is no need to repeat the previous acts of worship.
2. The change occured while she was performing the acts which were required of her, then she has to start those acts all over again according to the rules of the higher level istihazah. This law applies even if the change occurs during prayers.
If it changes from a higher level to a lower level (e.g., from profuse to medium bleeding, or from medium to slight bleeding), then the mustahazah will have to follow the rules of the higher level istihazah for the first prayer and then follow the rules of the lower level istihazah for the subsequent prayers. For example, a mustahazah kathirah becomes mustahazah qalilah before noon, then she will have to perform a ghusl and then pray noon and afternoon prayer (according to the rules of kathirah) but for evening and night prayers she just has to perform separate wudu's (according to the rules of qalfiah).
Adopted from the book : "The Ritual Ablutions for Women (Taharatu N-Nisa')" by : "Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi"
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