On the opposite side, bad morals have very disadvantageous effects which man can find in this world.
Imam Alsaadiq (A.S.) says: “He whose morals become bad he tortures himself” 226, He (A.S.) said to suffian AlThawri who asked him for advise him: “A liar has no chivalry, a jealous man has no comfort, aboard man has no brotherhood, an arrogant man no friendship, an ill-disciplined man has no dignity.” 227
Therefore it became clear that the Islamic ideology urges man to adorn himself with good morals by showing the advantages of them in this world and in the hereafter. He can obtain these benefits when he follows the course of chastening. From the other side it deters him from bad morals by showing the bad disadvantages which result from them in this world and in the hereafter.
His executor Imam Ali (A.S.) said; “…Train yourself for good morals because the Moslem servant can reach by his good morals the degree of the fasting and praying man” 229
He also said recommending: “…Accustom yourself to forgiveness and chose for her the best of every manner as goodness is habit” 230
He said: “Adhere to good morals because they are a sublimity guard against bad morals as they humiliate the noble man and destroy glory” 231
For these selected examples we can say that the Islamic ideology introduces its advices and valuable recommendations supported with their fruits and advantages in order to form a fence of power which protects man from falling into the hell of bad morals.
Allah (be exalted) said: “Certainly you have in the Apostle of Allah an excellent exemplar..” 232
Because the prophet’s conduct is the complete practical incarnation of the mission; since the prophet- as Qur’an describes him- represents a top in good morals- (And most surely you have sublime morality) 233, it is Moslem’s duty to study his morals and be guided by his laws as much as they can.
The Prophet (S.W.A.) has been taking his morals from Allah (be exalted) and His Holy Book. Allah said: “Take to forgiveness and enjoin well and turn aside from the ignorant” 234
It is narrated that when this verse which contains all good moralities- was revealed the prophet (S.W.A.) asked Gibrael (A.S.) about that he said: “I don’t know till I will ask the omniscient, then he came to him and said:
“O Muhammad’ Allah orders you to forgive him who has done ill to you, to give him who has deprived you and to associate with him who has broken up with you” 235
222. Tuhafel aukool: 38.
223. Tuhafel Aukool: 98.
224. Tuhafel Aukool: 356.
225. Ausoul Alkaafi 2: 100/ 8 ketaabil eimaan walkufur.
226. Ausoul Alkaafi 2:321/ 4 ketaab eimaan walkufur.
227. Fi rehaab aeima Ahlilbait (A.S.) sayyed Mohsin Alameen 4: 69 from Tuhafil aukoul.
228. Mekaarim alakhlaaq: altebressi: 17.
229. Alkhesaal, Alsadooq 2: 621, Hadeeth the 400.
230. Behaarel anwaar 77: 1213, from Keshfil mehajjah lithamaratel muhjjah: 157, ch. 154, Alnajjaf Alashraaf.
231. Behaarel anwaar 78-53, Alghurer: Aamed.
232. Ahzaab: 33: 21.
233. Alkalam 68-4.
234. Ala’araaf 7: 199.
235. Majmaelbaiaan: Altabressi 3: 89- Alhayaat library publications the year 1980 A.H.