Likewise, He can stoop and demean himself till he reaches the rank of animal: “He clung to the earth and followed his law desires so his parable is as the parable of the dog, if you attack him he lolls out his tongue and if you leave him alone he lolls out his tongue…” [7:176].
“Then he falls down more and more till he reaches the rank of a solid body! “Then your hearts hardened after that so that they were like rocks rather worse in hardness” [2;74].
So the Islamic ideology faces in consideration takes the strong and weak sides together in the human being as Man has been described in the Holy Book as has been created weak, dismayed and rash, he is surely in ordinate, and that he oppresses and is ignorant- 1
On this basis the Islamic legislation does not attempt to overburden him by heavy incumbents which exceed his psychological and bodily abilities, Allah (be exalted) has said:
“Allah Does not impose on any soul a duty but to the extent of its ability” 2
The prophet (s.w.a.): “Nine things from my nation are not requited: the mistake, forgetting, the thing to which they are obliged, what they do not know, what they do not endure, what they do under necessity jealously and evil omen, and thinking with a sense of misgiving about creation unless it is uttered” 3
He also said “The pen had been lifted (i-e it doesn’t write) from three persons “the mad person who has lost his mind till he restores it, the sleeping person till he wakes up, and the young boy till he reaches sexual maturity” 4
The Islamic belief, then, considers the sides of weakness in man as a natural state caused by his human construction and it does not consider it as very complicated to the degree that Man loses with it his ability to build and move, and to choose freely.
More than that the Islamic belief has attempted –while its motivating to construct and develop human being-to agitate in him a deep feeling of the positive side in his presence.
1. Al-Nissa’a 4:28, Al-Ma’arech 70:19 Al-Ahzaab 33:72, Al-Anbei’a 21:37, Al-Alaq 96: 6.
2. Al-Baqarah 2: 286.
3. Al-Khisal by Al-Sadook, p. 417, chapter of number nine.
4. Kanzel Ummal by Al-Muttaki Al-Hindi, vol. 4, p. 233.