Islam through conviction
After these two possibilities co mes the role of Islam. For if the other party (the enemy) accepts Islam he will have spared his wealth and blood and there will be no enmity other than for the wrongdoers and oppressors. The acceptance of Islam is clearly not a matter for compulsion it rather consists of solid evidences, which promote the conviction of the intellect in the matters of the beginning and the resurrection, the Prophet (S) and the Sacred Law etc.
The Jizyah tax . . . finally
In the absence o f neutrality, or a treaty, or the acceptance of Islam, then the 'Jizyah' tax 4 comes into play as was practised by the Prophet (S) with the Christians of Najran. The 'Jizyah' tax is of two types:
Adapted from the book: "War, Peace & Non-Violence" by: "Sayyid Muhammad Sadiq Shirazi"
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