Interpretation of Surah al-Ma'arij (The Ways of Ascent) - Part 9
Certainly the sexual instinct is one of the uncontrollable natural feelings of man and it is the fountainhead of the most of sins. To that extent that some believe that in all the significant criminal files this basic instinct exhibits its effects. Hence it’s controlling and preventive measures for bringing it into limitation is the chief sign of the piety and for this reason after describing the 1namaz and 2help to the needy and 3believe in resurrection day and 4fear of the Almighty God’s punishment then5Controling the sexual instinct is counted.
Exceptionally It shows below that the moral of Islam never allows totally abolishing and eliminating this instinct and to follow the footsteps of the monks and the clerics which is against the law of creation this is the act which is almost impossible.
Or in case of its possibility the monk s too commits it illogically and hence the monks are also unable to eradicate this instinct from the outlook of life. And if they do not marry officially, most of them when reached to the isolation and private place they commit it.
The disgrace and shame which it created in this way is not meagre. The historians of Isa Masih alaihis salam like Will Durant and others exposed it.
The meaning of the marriage consists of both the permanent and the temporary marriage. Some supposed that this ayat is against the temporary marriage as they do not know that this temporary marriage too is one of a kind of marriage.
After insisting upon the same subject it adds: Those who demand beyond this they are transgressors and expelled from the divine frontiers.
فَمَنِ ابْتَغَى وَرَاء ذَلِكَ فَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ
Like this way Islam plans a society which responds both to the natural instincts of man and it is not polluted in the sexual perversions, the prostitution and in its evil causes.
Certainly the female slaves in the view of Islam possess many conditions like a wife and the regulations relating to her, though this subject is cancelled in our period and age.
Then pointed towards the second and third qualities and said: Those who are honest in the matter of trusteeships أَمَانَاتِ and covenants;
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ
Though the trusteeships have a vast meaning it is not only materialistic deposited things of the people but every meaning can be received from it. However it includes all the divine, prophet and the infallible spiritual leader’s deposits.
Every divine blessing that trusted to man, his social status and duties specifically his role in the administration is one of the key role of trust. Hence in a narration from imam Baqir alahis salam and imam Sadiq alaihis salam it is clearly expressed.
An-Nisa (The Women)
إِنَّ اللّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تُؤدُّواْ الأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا
Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts (Amaanaat) to those, to whom they are due or owed;
It is clearly mentioned here that hand over the guardianship and administration to those who own it.
In the ayat 72 of Sura e Ahzab we read too that;
Surat Al-'Ah^za-b (The Combined Forces) - سورة الأحزاب
Al-Ahzab (The associates)
إِنَّا عَرَضْنَا الْأَمَانَةَ عَلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالْجِبَالِ فَأَبَيْنَ أَن يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنسَانُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ
Truly, We did offer AlAmanah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. afraid of Allah's Torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to himself) and ignorant (of its results).
Above all in the divine laws, book and Quran Sovereign Lord the God entrusted the important thing to man they have to be protected.
عهد means promise and covenant with the Holy God it too has the vast meaning includes the vow regarding the people or the Protector God as well.
As the عهد means every type of being bound over and the vow which the man confers to other. Certainly one who brings faith in the Majestic God and his prophet, he had accepted an enormous number of covenants.
Islam gave importance for the security of trusteeship and covenant, to great extent and to be devoted to them. It is introduced as the most essential sign of the faith.
In describing the other character of believers it added: those who rise and revolt for giving the witness of the truth.
وَالَّذِينَ هُم بِشَهَادَاتِهِمْ قَائِمُونَ
As the institution of the just witness and not concealing it, is the most important base of the establishment of the Justice in the human society.
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