Rafed English

Interpretation of Surah al-Ma'arij (The Ways of Ascent) - Part 6


For the beggar who asks, and for the unlucky who has lost his property and wealth, (and his means of living has been straitened);

وَالَّذِينَ يُصَدِّقُونَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ(70:26)


and who accept as true the [coming of the] Day of Judgment;

وَالَّذِينَ هُم مِّنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّهِم مُّشْفِقُونَ(70:27)


And those who are fearful of the punishment of their Lord -

إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّهِمْ غَيْرُ مَأْمُونٍ(70:28)


Verily! The torment of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure,

After mentioning a corner of the torments and the character of the unbelievers before the true Muslims to make the people know why a group of people are in chastisement and another group of people are saved from it.

First it describes: The man is created greedy with low stamina.

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ خُلِقَ هَلُوعًا


When the disasters reaches him he is very much restless in grieve and complaints.

إِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ جَزُوعًا


When the blessings reach him he withholds and refrain himself ( from charity)

وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الْخَيْرُ مَنُوعًا


Some of the interpreters translated the هَلُوعًا as the greedy and several of them described as little stamina.

May be in the ayat it is giving the meaning of both as they both are inseparable. As the greedy people are mostly miser and in facing the disasters they have less patience and stamina.

There is a question here and it is that if the Mighty God created the man to the last height of perfection and prosperity, then why he created in his nature, the evils and the unfavorable things?

Is it possible first creating anything or any character and then criticizing it?

Apart from this the Quran in the ayat 4 of Sura e Teen clearly defined:

Surat At-Ti-n (The Fig) - سورة التين

لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ



We have certainly created man in the best of stature;

Certainly it does not means that the outward appearance of the man is righteous and his inner self is ugly and evil but the man as a whole is the best entity أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ. We created the man in his excellent face and build up. Same way the other ayaat which are praising the prominent and eminent status of man.

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