Interpretation of Sura Cow - Verses 161-163
161. " Verily those who reject faith, and die while they are infidels, upon them shall be the curse of Allah, (of) the angels, and (of) mankind all together."
162. " Abiding therein forever, the torment shall not be lightened for them nor shall they be given respite."
163. " And your God is One God. There is no god but He; He is the Beneficent, the Merciful."
It was described in the former verses that if the people who conceal the fact repent and express the reality, they will be involved in the mercy and grace of Allah. But in this verse they are warned that if they do not repent and remain in the state of infidelity until they die, they will be in the same situation that Allah, angels and all people curse them. Of course, the repentance that occurs before death is accepted, but the repentance at the moment of death is not helpful.
At first, it says:
" Verily those who reject faith, and die while they are infidels, upon them shall be the curse of Allah, (of) the angels, and (of) mankind all together." This group of infidels, similar to the aforementioned group, are involved in the curse of Allah, angels, and people, too. The difference is that this group, because of their continuous insistence on being faithless, can not have a way to return to the right path.
Then, it adds:
" Abiding therein forever, the torment shall not be lightened for them nor shall they be given respite."
Since the principle of the Faith in theism can put an end to all these misfortunes, in the last verse of this group of verses, it says:
" And your God is One God. ..."
Again, to emphasize more, it says:
"... There is no god but He;..."
Then, at the end of the verse, as the reason for that statement, it adds: "...He is the Beneficent, the Merciful."
Yes, only the One, Whose general mercy encompasses all creatures, on one side, and on the other side, Whose specific Mercy reaches the true believers, deserves servitude, and no one else.
Adapted from the book: "The Light of The Quran - Interpretation of Sura Al-Baqarah (The Cow)" by: "Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani and A Group of Muslim Scholars"
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