Interpretation of Sura Cow - Verse 239
239. " And if you fear (an enemy or danger) , then (pray) on foot or riding; but when you are safe, then remember Allah as He has taught you that which you did not know."
In this verse it emphasizes that you cannot abandon establishing prayers even in the most grievous conditions such as in the battlefield. But in circumstances like that many of the obligations of prayer are diminished, for example: being to the direction of Qiblah, the performances of bowing and prostration in ordinary manner, and so on.
Hence, it says:
" And if you fear (an enemy or danger) , then (pray) on foot or riding; ..." Therefore, constant attending to prayers is not only for the time of security and safety, but canonical prayers should be kept always and in any condition.
"...but when you are safe, then remember Allah as He has taught you that which you did not know." And, when you are in security, then prayers in this status have to be kept in the ordinary form and with all their ritual manners and conditions.
It is clear that the thankfulness of servants due to this divine teaching, in which He has taught them the way of establishing prayers both in the secured time and in fear, is by way of the very performance of them, as they should be kept.
Adapted from the book: "The Light of The Quran - Interpretation of Sura Al-Baqarah (The Cow)" by: "Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani and A Group of Muslim Scholars"
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