Interpretation of Sura Cow - Verse 236
236. " There is no sin on you if you divorce women while you have not yet touched them nor settled any dowry on them; yet make provision for them, the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means; a provision in a fair manner. (This is) a duty on the doers of good."
Continuing about the theme of divorce, there are also some other ordinances in the above verse and the verse after that. It says: " There is no sin on you if you divorce women while you have not yet touched them nor settled any dowry on them; ..."
This circumstance is, of course, when either the man or the woman, after confirming the marriage tie and before having any sexual relations, understands that they can not live together as a married couple because of some problems. In this case, it is so much the better that at this time they separate from each other by means of divorce and do not let it be postponed to later stages when it surely will become more difficult.
After that, the verse pays to another ordinance concerning the subject, where it says:
"... yet make provision for them, ..." For the payment of this gift, in fact, the ability of man should also be considered. That is why the verse continues saying: "...the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means; a provision in a fair manner. ..."
Both the wealthy men and the poor men should pay this gift, but due to their ability. And, in view of the fact that this gift has a considerable effect on the woman in preventing her from taking vengeance and freeing her from the pressure or the weight which may fall on her heart as a result of breaking their tie of marriage, the above verse concerns the gift to the benevolent nature of man, and says:
"... (This is) a duty on the doers of good." This idea points to the fact that the payment should be accompanied with benevolence and also performed in a peaceful manner by the husband.
Adapted from the book: "The Light of The Quran - Interpretation of Sura Al-Baqarah (The Cow)" by: "Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani and A Group of Muslim Scholars"
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