Interpretation of Sura an-Nisa - Verse 5
5. " And do not give the feeble-minded your property which Allah has made for you a (means of) support, but feed them and clothe them therewith, and speak to them with kind words."
In Islamic literature distrustful winebibbers, in Arabic, are called /safih/ 'feeble-minded'. Therefore, personal properties and public properties should not be put under the authority of some unreliable persons. Some Islamic traditions indicate that the vast sense of the term "feeble -minded" covers evil-doers, too.
The secret that property should not be given unto their control is that ' property ' is the consistence of the society. Thus, giving any position, responsibility and secret imformation, upon which the consistence of the society depends, to the persons who are habitually wrong-doers, is not right.
1. Those who are feeble-minded, winebibbers, and unrestrained should not be authoritative in economy and wealth.
2. When the feeble-minded have authority over even their own property, it is economically harmful for your property, too. (It is notable that the verse says: " your property " and it does not say: their property) .
"And do not give the feeble-minded your property which Allah has made for you a (means of) support, ..."
3. In daily affairs, economical expediencies of the society and mental development ought to be noted to.
" And do not give the feeble-minded your property...."
4. The feeble-minded persons are not admissible to use their properties themselves.
5. The financial and economical authorities of the system should be chosen from among some upright and experienced persons.
" And do not give the feeble-minded ..."
6. The contractors of the economical agreements must not be some wrong-doers and sinners.
7. Wealth is a means of rising-up. Then, if wealth is not utilized as a means of rising-up in a country, the economical system there is ill and its excecutor is a feeble-minded person even if he has got P.H.D. in economics.
8. Wealth is for the consistence of life, economics, and the leaver of the system.
"... which Allah has made for you a (means of) support, ..."
9. Capitals must not remain stagnantly. The wealth of the orphans and the feeble-minded persons should also be applied in the current of production and profitableness, so that its income can be enough for their lives to run and nothing of their capital would be spent.
"... but feed them and clothe them therewith, ..."
10. The spiritual status and personality of the deprived must be regarded to.
"... and speak to them with kind words."
Adopted from the book : "The Light of the Holy Qur'an; Interpretation of Surah an-Nisa" by : "Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani and a Group of Muslim Scholars"
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