How to Plant Roses
The art of planting roses doesn’t have to be a complicated thing to do. When you have the right knowledge there is no limit to how beautiful a garden or rosebush that you can create. Now you will have all of the beauty and delicious fragrance that roses can give you with you all the time.
1. Talk with your local gardening center or florist to find out which are the best type of roses to grow in your climate. If you are a novice, look for disease resistant types of roses because they need a lot less maintenance.
2. Decide what package type you would like. Which packaging you choose is based on your garden needs. Roses come in three types of packaging:
3. Learn that when planting roses, pick a place that is well lit in the morning. You also want a spot that has sunlight for a minimum of 6 hours a day. Roses need a great deal of light to grow properly.
4. Choose an area with well drained soil. Great soil has a Ph level at about 5.5 to 7.0. Testing kits are inexpensive and available at any garden center.
5. Carefully take your rosebush from the container. Soak the roots in water for 8 to 10 hours. Remove any broken or injured roots or canes, and canes less than pencil-size in thickness.
6. Prepare your rose bed by spading deep. Spading is simply digging a hole with a flat head shovel. For each plant, dig a hole approximately 14 to 20" wide and deep depending on the size. Add organic matter and mix well with the existing soil. Organic matter is usually in the form of manure, shredded leaves, or peat moss (shredded leaves are cheapest if you can collect and store them yourself). If not, your nearest nursery or farm will have the next best thing.
7. Fill the bottom of the hole with a cone of soil to rest the roots on and position the bud union at about ground level. Position the rose on soil pyramid so the bud union (swelling at the stem base) is just above the ground level. In climates where the winter temperature falls below 0°F, it is best to position the rose 1" to 2" inches lower.
8. Fill the hole half way with soil and water. Wait for the water to filter down and fill the hole with the remaining soil. This process ensures complete root coverage with no air pockets. Do not tramp down the soil. Poor circulation for your roses can cause fungal diseases. Using a larger hole also makes it easier for you to pull them up later and pot them if you’d like. After the water drains check to see if the bud union remains at the proper level. Fill the remainder of the hole with soil.
9. Water your plants frequently for the first 3 to 4 weeks after planting your roses. Usually this is when the top 2 inches of soil is dry. To stay healthy your roses need a lot of hydration and food.
10. Four weeks after planting, you should start soaking the bed every 2 weeks or so. Do this in the morning for the best results.
11. Start to fertilize about 3 months after planting. Use 3-6 inches of mulch to control the moisture, temperature, and to stops weeds from popping up. Mulch also helps to lock in the vital nutrients your roses need in order to remain healthy. Read How to Grow Roses.
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