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Growing Brussel Sprouts

Brussel sprouts prefer cool weather to grow. Plant in the early spring for late fall harvesting. Small heads will develop on the stem. These vegetables are best transplanted as they get more growth before the heat of summer.

Botanical Family - Brassicaeae/Mustard Family

Location - Cool, moist, well drained, open.

Soil - Rich, moist, loam with neutral pH (6.0-6.8.

Soil Preparation - Grows well after a green manure crop. Dig in a few inches of compost or aged manure, shredded leaves and lime before planting. Use compost or manure tea at bud formation time.

Seed Info -

  • Seed spacing - 18 inches apart
  • Germinate in soil temperature of 10 – 30 C
  • Days to Maturity - 45 days to several months

Planting times - Sow April to mid July; transplants at 6-8 weeks.

Planting Instruction - Seeds need to be covered when seeded in propagating mix (use large cells). Add a handful of compost in the hole when transplanting. Water it well an firm down.

Companion Planting

  • Positive affects: bean, beet, dill nasturtium, onion, potato, oregano
  • Negative affects: tomato, strawberry, lettuce

Watering - Water regularly once a week at the base of the plants.

Weeding - Keep weeded while plants are small.

Disease & Insects -

  • Root maggot-to prevention grow after green manure.
  • Cabbage worm – pick off, cover with remay or mulch with sawdust around the plant.
  • Club root – to prevent use rotation

Harvest When picking remove the leaf beneath the sprout and then cut or break off the sprout. Sprouts that are 1 - 1 1/2 inches in diameter are the best tasting.

Storage Will keep fresh for a up to a week in the refrigerator. They can be frozen for future use.

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