Facing towards Qibla
- :Seyyed Baqir Nisar Zaidi
It is wajib (compulsory) to face the Khana Kaaba when one is performing prayer. If a person deliberately does not face towards the Kaaba, not only does it invalidate his prayers, but he becomes a jahannumi (one destined to hellfire).
If someone mistakenly or unintentionally does not face Kaaba and performs his prayer and later comes to know the correct direction of Qibla, then he should repeat his prayer if time is remaining. If the time has finished, his prayer is valid and does not need to repeat it.
If a person believes he is facing Qibla, but after performing his prayer he realizes he was slightly turned in the wrong direction, his prayer is valid.
If a person is unable to know the true direction of Qibla, then he may perform his prayer while facing any direction.
Adhan and Iqama (calls to prayer)
It is mustahab to perform adhan and iqama before performing one s prayer regardless if one is in a gathering or alone. However there is no adhan or iqama for females.
Method of Adhan Recite the following:
Allahu Akbar (God is the greatest) four times Ashhadu al la ilaha illa "llah ( I testify there is no god other than Allah ) two times Ashhadu anna Muhammadar rasoolullah (I testify that Muhammad (saw) is the messenger of Allah ) two times Ashhadu anna Ameerul Momineen wa Imam ul Muttaqeen Aliyun waliullah wasi rasoolullah wa khalifatul bil fasaal ( I testify that Ali (as) is the master of all believers, leader of all the pious, and the wali of Allah, successor of RasoolAllah (saw) and nothing shall come between Them ) two times Hayya ala salah (Hasten to prayer ) two times Hayya ala falah ( Hasten to salvation) two times
Hayya ala kharyi "l "amal (Hasten to the best of actions) two times Allahu Akbar (God is the greatest) two times La ilaha illa "llah (There is no god except Allah) two times.
Adopted from the book: "Kashaful Salat" by: "Seyyed Baqir Nisar Zaidi"
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