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Did Amirul Momineen Ali (A.S) ever depend on the tradition of Ghadir to prove his Caliphate? (Part 2)

3. During the Caliphate of Uthman two hundred senior people from the Muhajiran and Ansar were present in the Prophet’s mosque and were discussing various topics. The subject of the superiority of Quraysh, their foremost position and migration came up. Thus every tribe of Quraysh began to express their superior personalities. This gathering started from the early morning and was on till the noon. During this many people gave various statements but Amirul Momineen Ali (A.S) only heard their discussion and did not say anything. On this moment the people turned to him and implored him to say something.


Due to this insistence Ali (A.S) stood up and spoke about his relationship with the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and his distinctions. Inter alia he said: You must remember that on the day of Ghadir when Allah told the Holy Prophet (PBUH) that just as he has explained the rules of Prayer, Zakat and rituals of Hajj he should declare my leadership.


And to fulfill this duty the Holy Prophet (PBUH) delivered the following sermon:


The Almighty Allah has commanded me to perform a duty and I was fearful that some people will falsify my conveying of divine command. However, the Almighty commanded me. Convey the message and also assured me security from the mischief of the people.


Yes! O People! Do you know that Allah is my master and I am the master of the believers? And I have more authority on them than they themselves have:”‌ On this moment the Prophet (PBUH) said:


Ali, get up! And I stood up. Then the Holy Prophet (PBUH) turned towards the people and said:


Of whomsoever I am the master; this Ali is also his master. O Allah! Love those who love Ali and hate those who hate Ali (A.S) at that moment Salman Farsi asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH): What type of authority does Ali (A.S) have on us?


The Prophet (PBUH) replied: Ali’s mastership on you is same as my mastership upon you. On whosoever’s life I have authority, Ali also has the authority.”‌ 4. It is not only Ali (A.S) who had argued with the tradition of Ghadir.


 The Daughter of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) also said on a historical day to the companions when she was demanding her rights from them: [3]


“Have you forgotten the day of Ghadir when the Prophet (PBUH) said: Of whomsoever I am the master this Ali is his master too?”‌ 5. When Imam Hassan (A.S) decided to make truce with Muawiyah he stood up and delivered a sermon in which he said:


The Almighty Allah preferred the Ahl-ul-Bayt (A.S) through the medium of Islam. And he selected us and kept us away from every type of impurity. Then he said:


All the people heard that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) addressed Ali: Your position to me is as the position of Haroon with Musa (A.S) everyone has heard and seen that on the day of Ghadir the Holy Prophet (PBUH) held the hand of Ali (A.S) and said:


Of whomsoever I am the master; this Ali is his master too. O Allah! Love those [4]


6. Hazrat Imam Hussein (A.S) addressing a large gathering at Mecca wherein some Companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) were also present said: “I put you under oath of God. Do you know that on the day of Ghadir the Holy Prophet (PBUH) selected Ali (A.S) for Caliphate and guardianship and said: Those who are present should convey this message to those who are not.”


‌All the people said that they testify for this.


In addition to this many Companions of the Prophet (PBUH), like Ammar Yasir, Zaid bin Arqam, Abdullah bin Ja’far, Asbagh bin Nubata (may Allah be pleased with them) and other people used to argue the Caliphate and guardianship of Ali (A.S) with the tradition of Ghadir. [5]









[3] Faraedus Simtain Chap.58 Ali (A.S.) has also quoted this tradition on the day of Rahba, the day of Jamal in the incident of hadithur Rikban and also in Siffeen.


[4] Yanabiul Mawaddah pg 482.


[5] For more information on these debates and sources refer to Al Ghadeer (vol. 1 pg. 146-195). This book has recorded 22 such debates





By:Ayatullah Makarim Shirazi & Ayatullah Ja'far Subhani

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