An Explanation of the Perfect Names and Attributes of Allâh
It is not possible to perfectly translate the names and attributes of Allah from their original Arabic into English. However, here are some fairly close explanations.
1. Allah He who has the Godhood which is the power to create the entities.
2. Ar-Rahman The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and especially for the believers in the hereafter.
3. Ar-Rahim The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers.
4. Al-Malik The One with the complete Dominion, the One Whose Dominion is clear from imperfection.
5. Al-Quddus The One who is pure from any imperfection and clear from children and adversaries.
6. As-Salam The One who is free from every imperfection.
7. Al-Mu'min The One who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him. And He witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him.
8. Al-Muhaymin The One who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures.
9. Al-^Aziz The Defeater who is not defeated.
10. Al-Jabbar The One that nothing happens in His Dominion except that which He willed.
11. Al-Mutakabbir The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures and from resembling them.
12. Al-Khaliq The One who brings everything from non-existence to existence.
13. Al-Bari' The Creator who has the Power to turn the entities.
14. Al-Musawwir The One who forms His creatures in different pictures.
15. Al-Ghaffar The One who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.
16. Al-Qahhar The Subduer who has the perfect Power and is not unable over anything.
17. Al-Wahhab The One who is Generous in giving plenty without any return.
18. Ar-Razzaq The One who gives everything that benefits whether
19. Al-Fattah The One who opens for His slaves the closed worldy and religiousmatters.
20. Al-^Alim The Knowledgeable; The One nothing is absent from His knowledge.
21. Al-Qabid and 22. Al-Basit The One who constricts the sustenance by His wisdomand expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.
23. Al-Khafid and 24. Ar-Rafi^ The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction and raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.
25. Al-Mu^iz and 26. Al-Muthil He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him; And He degrades whoever He willed, hence there is no one to give Him esteem.
27. As-Sami^ The One who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument or organ.
28. Al-Basir The One who Sees all things that are seen by His Eternal Seeing without a pupil or any other instrument.
29. Al-Hakam He is the Ruler and His judgment is His Word.
30. Al-^Adl The One who is entitled to do what He does.
31. Al-Latif The One who is kind to His slaves and endows upon them.
32. Al-Khabir The One who knows the truth of things.
33. Al-Halim The One who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.
34. Al-^Azim The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement,and Purity from all imperfection.
35. Al-Ghafur The One who forgives a lot.
36. Ash-Shakur The One who gives a lot of reward for a little obedience.
37. Al-^Aliyy The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures.
38. Al-Kabir The One who is greater than everything in status.
39. Al-Hafiz The One who protects whatever and whoever He willed to protect.
40. Al-Muqit The One who has the Power.
41. Al-Hasib The One who gives the satisfaction.
42. Aj-Jalil The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.
43. Al-Karim The One who is clear from abjectness.
44. Ar-Raqib The One that nothing is absent from Him. Hence it's meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.
45. Al-Mujib The One who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.
46. Al-Wasi^ The Knowledgeable.
47. Al-Hakim The One who is correct in His doings.
48. Al-Wadud The One who loves His believing slaves and His believing slaves love Him. His love to His slaves is His Will to be merciful to them and praise them:Hence it's meaning is related to the attributes of the Will and Kalam (His attribute with which He orders and forbids and spoke to Muhammad and Mu sa -peace be upon them- . It is not a sound nor a language nor a letter.).
49. Al-Majid The One who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity and Kindness.
50. Al-Ba^ith The One who resurrects His slaves after death for reward and/or punishment.
51. Ash-Shahid The One who nothing is absent from Him.
52. Al-Haqq The One who truly exists.
53. Al-Wakil The One who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.
54. Al-Qawiyy The One with the complete Power.
55. Al-Matin The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted and He does not get tired.
56. Al-Waliyy The Supporter.
57. Al-Hamid The praised One who deserves to be praised.
58. Al-Muhsi The One who the count of things are known to him.
59. Al-Mubdi' The One who started the human being. That is, He created him.
60. Al-Mu^id The One who brings back the creatures after death.
61. Al-Muhyi The One who took out a living human from semen that does not have a soul. He gives life by giving the souls back to the worn out bodies on the resurrection day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.
62. Al-Mumit The One who renders the living dead.
63. Al-Hayy The One attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh or blood.
64. Al-Qayyum The One who remains and does not end.
65. Al-Wajid The Rich who is never poor. Al-Wajd is Richness.
66. Al-Majid The One who is Majid.
67. Al-Wahid The One without a partner.
68. As-Samad The Master who is relied upon in matters and reverted to in ones needs.
69. Al-Qadir The One attributed with Power.
70. Al-Muqtadir The One with the perfect Power that nothing is withheld rom Him.
71. Al-Muqaddim and 72. Al-Mu'akhkhir The One who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead what He wills and delays what He wills.
73. Al-'Awwal The One whose Existence is without a beginning.
74. Al-'Akhir The One whose Existence is without an end.
75. Az-Zahir 76. Al-Batin The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place. He, The Exalted, His Existence is obvious by proofs and He is clear from the delusions of attributes of bodies.
77. Al-Wali The One who owns things and manages them.
78. Al-Muta^ali The One who is clear from the attributes of the creation.
79. Al-Barr The One who is kind to His creatures, who covered them with His sustenance and specified whoever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.
80. At-Tawwab The One who grants repentance to whoever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.
81. Al-Muntaqim The One who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One who destroys them.
82. Al-^Afuww The One with wide forgiveness.
83. Ar-Ra'uf The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His will to endow upon whoever He willed among His creatures.
84. Malik Al-Mulk The One who controls the Dominion and gives dominion to whoever He willed.
85. Thul-Jalal wal-Ikram The One who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.
86. Al-Muqsit The One who is Just in His judgment.
87. Aj-Jami^ The One who gathers the creatures on a day that there is no doubt about, that is the Day of Judgment.
88. Al-Ghaniyy The One who does not need the creation.
89. Al-Mughni The One who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.
90. Al-Mani^ The Supporter who protects and gives victory to His pious believers.
91. Ad-Darr and 92. An-Nafi^ The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed and benefit to whoever He willed.
93. An-Nur The One who guides.
94. Al-Hadi The One whom with His Guidance His belivers were guided, and with His Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial for them and protected from what is harmful to them.
95. Al-Badi^ The One who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.
96. Al-Baqi The One that the state of non-existence is impossible for Him.
97. Al-Warith The One whose Existence remains.
98. Ar-Rashid The One who guides.
99. As-Sabur The One who does not quickly punish the sinners. "...Naught is as His likeness; and He is the Hearer, the Seer..." Qur'an [42:11]
(Arabic transliteration: Huwa Allathi Laysa Ka Mithlihi Shay'un Wa Huwa As-Sami^ Al-Basir)
Courtesy of:- Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project.
Adapted from the book: "Fiqh"
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