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Personalities

Imam al-Baqir's Companions and the Narrators of His Traditions - Part 6

124. Al-Hakam bin al-Mukhta`r

He was the son of Abu` 'Ubayd al-Thaqafi. He was given the kunya of Abu` Mohammed. He was reliable. He reported on the authority of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, and of Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him.

125. Hakim bin Hakam

He was the son of 'Abba`d b. Hunayf al-Ansa`ri. He reported on the authority of the pure Ima`ms: 'Ali b. al-Husayn, al-Ba`qir, and al-Sa`diq, peace be on them.

126. Hakim bin Suhayb

He was called al-Ku`fi al-Sayrafi. He was the master of the Banu (sons of) Dabba. Shaykh al-Tu`si numbered him as one of the companions of Ima`m 'Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on him, and of al-Ba`qir, peace be on him.

127. Hakim bin Mu'a`wiya

He was called al-Numayri. Shaykh al-Tu`si numbered him as one of the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him.He was an unknown Ima`m Shi'ite.

128. Hamma`d bin Abi Sulayma`n

He was called al-Ash'ari al-Ku`fi. He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, and of al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. He was an unknown Ima`m Shi'ite.

129. Hamma`d bin Abi al-'Ata`rid

He was from Tay. He was called al-Ku`fi. He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, and of al-Sa`diq, peace be on him.

130. Hamma`d bin Bashir

He was called al-Tanafisi al-Ku`fi. He reported on the authority of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, and of al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him.

131. Hamma`d bin Rashid

He was called al-Azdi al-Bazza`z. He was given the kunya of Abu` al-'Ala`' al-Ku`fi. He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, and of al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. He died in the year 159 A. H.

132. Hamma`d bin al-Mughira

He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. He was an unknown Ima`mi Shi'ite.

133. Hamra`n bin A'yun

He was called al-Shayba`ni. He was given the kunya of Abu` al-Hasan. It was said that he was given the kunya of Abu` Hamza. He belonged to the next generation. He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. He was among the main religious scholars, and among the outstanding narrators. He was among those who knew the truth, and among those who declared the religion of Allah. We will mention some of his affairs:

 

His Scientific Rank

Hamra`n was among the main religious scholars, who conveyed the message of Islam, and knew it in detail. He learned his sciences from the Ima`ms of the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them. He studied under Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. Then he studied under Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. He learned many of his sciences. Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him, supplied proof of his wide knowledge and outstanding merits.

The narrators said that a Syrian came to Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him, to test him. The Ima`m, peace be on him, asked the Syrian:

What is your need?"

I have heard that you have knowledge of all questions," replied the Syrian.

The Ima`m smiled at him, and then he said to him:

In what?" asked the Ima`m.

In the Koran," replied the Syrian.

The Ima`m turned to Hamra`n and said to him:

Take the man.

The Syrian became angry and said: "I want to (question) you, not Hamra`n.

The Ima`m smiled at him and said:

If you overcame Hamra`n, then you would overcome me.

The Syrian began questioning Hamra`n, who answered all his questions. Then the Ima`m asked the

Syrian: "What is your opinion of Hamra`n?

He is skillful. He has answered all my questions.

This initiative of Hamra`n shows his wide knowledge and sciences. Abu` Gha`lib al-Razi said: "Hamra`n was among the greatest Shi'ite scholars. He was among those who memorized the Koran by heart. Moreover, he was an excellent grammarian and linguist.

 

His Rank with the Ima`ms

Hamra`n had an honorable rank with the Ima`ms of guidance, peace be on them. Many traditions were reported on their authority. In the traditions they praised and lauded him. The following are some of these traditions:

Bukayr b. A'yun reported he said: "I went to make the pilgrimage (to Mecca) for the first time I arrived at Mina. There I asked (the people) about the tent of Abu` 'Abd Allah (al-Sa`diq). I entered the tent. I found some people in it. I looked at their faces, but did not find him among them. He was on the side in the tent. He was treating himself by cupping. He said: 'Come to me.' Then he said: 'O Young man, are you from the children of A'yun?' I said: 'Yes, may Allah make me ransom for you.'

He said: 'Who are you?' I said: 'I am Bukayr b. A'yun.' He said to me: 'What Hamra`n has done?' I said: 'He will not perform the hajj this year. He is longing for you. He sends you his greetings.' He returned the greetings, and then he said: 'Hamra`n is a believer. He is among the people of the garden. By Allah, he has no doubt about (the Ima`mate).

2. Zayd al-Shahha`m reported. He said: [Abu` 'Abd Allah (al-Sa`diq), peace be on him, said to me:] "No one has put my words into effect, obeyed my orders, and followed my example except two men, may Allah have mercy on them. They are 'Abd Allah b. Abi Ya`foor, and Hamra`n b. A'yun. They are two sincere believers from our Shi'ites. Their names are with us in the book of the people of the right hand (ashab al-yemeen), which Allah gave to Mohammed, may Allah bless him and his family.

3. Abu` Kha`lid al-Akhras reported on the authority of Hamra`n, who said: [I said to Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir), peace be on him:] "May I be your ransom, I have sworn that I will not leave Medina till I know what I am." He , peace be on him, said: "O Hamra`n, what do you want?" I (Hamra`n) said: "I want you to tell me what I am." He, peace be on him, said: "You are our follower (shi'ite) in here and hereafter.
Al-Kashi reported another group of traditions that show the high rank of Hamra`n with the Ima`ms of the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them.

His intense Obedience to the Ima`ms

Hamra`n was very obedient to the Ima`ms. He loved them from the bottom of his heart. The narrators said: "When Hamra`n sat with his companions, he mentioned the outstanding merits of the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them. When his companions wanted to mix the outstanding merits of the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them, with other than them, he left them and went away. Indeed, this is the maximum degree of obedience and love for the Ima`m.

134. Hamza bin Hamra`n

He was the son of Hamza b. Hamra`n b. A'yun al-Shayba`ni al-Ku`fi. Shaykh al-Tu`si numbered him as one of the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. Al-Barqi numbered him as one of the companions of Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. Al-Kashi said: "Hamra`n has a book.

135. Hamza bin 'Ata`'

He was from Ku`fa. He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, and of the companions of Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. He was an unknown Ima`m Shi'ite.

136. Hamza bin 'Amma`ra

He was called al-Barbari al-Yazidi. Al-Kashi reported on the authority of Barid b. Mu'a`wiya al-'Ajali, who said: [Hamza b. Amara al-Yazidi, may Allah curse him, said to his companions:] "Abu` Ja'far comes to me every night" One day, I (Barid) met Abu` Ja'far, peace be on him, and told him about what Hamza had said. Abu` Ja'far said: "Hamza tells lies. May Allah curse him. The Satan is unable to appear in the shape of a prophet or the trustee of a prophet. Traditions similar to this were mentioned. The traditions dispraise Hamza and summon Moslems to renounce him.

137. Hamza al-Tayya`r

Shaykh al-Tu`si numbered him as one of the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. Al-Barqi numbered him as one of the companions of Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. Al-Kashi reported on the authority of Hamza al-Tayya`r, who said: "Abu` 'Abd Allah (al-Sa`diq), peace be on him, asked me about the recitation of the Koran.

I (Hamza) said: 'I am inappropriate for that.' He (Abu` 'Abd Allah) said: 'However, your father was appropriate for that.' Then he asked me about the religious duties. I said (I am inappropriate for that.)' He said: 'However, your father was appropriate for that.' Then he (Abu` 'Abd Allah) said:

' I had a friend from Qurash. The friend was a scholar. He recited the Koran. He and your father met in the house of Abu` Ja'far, peace be on him. Abu` Ja'far said to them: 'Question each other.' They did that. The Qurayshi man said to Abu` Ja'far: 'I have understood what you wanted. You wanted to tell me that there were persons the same as this one among your companions' Abu` Ja'far replied: 'Yes, you are right. What is your opinion of him.'

This account shows that Hamza had outstanding merits and wide knowledge. The Narrators said: "Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him, prevented some of his Shi'ites from debating with others on theological problems. For they were not specialist in such problems. Hamza heard of that. So, he hurried to Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. He said to him: 'I have heard that you debating with the people on theological matters.' The Ima`m said: 'We do not hate your debating with them.'

"This narration shows that Ja'far had excellent abilities in theological debates. Rather, he was specialist in them. The biographers said: "Hamza made many theological debates about the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them.

Hamza was very obedient to the members of House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them. He came to Ima`m Abu` 'Abd Allah al-Sa`diq, peace be on him. The Ima`m took him by the hand. Then he numbered for him the Ima`ms whose obedience Allah made obligatory. When he, peace be on him, came to his father, Mohammed al-Ba`qir, he stopped. So, Hamza said to him: "May Allah make me ransom for you, if you split open a pomegranate and made some of it lawful and some of it unlawful, I would testify that what you prohibited was unlawful, and what you made lawful was lawful."

The Ima`m was pleased with Hamza's words. He made him know that he (Abu` 'Abd Allah al-Sa`diq) would be the Ima`m after his father, al-Ba`qir. Then he said to Hamza: "It is sufficient for to believe in his (al-Sa`diq's) words. I am like them (the Ima`ms). I have the same rights as they have.

Allah, the Exalted, said: '(Remember) the day when We will call every people with their Ima`m.' If you want to be among them on the Day of Judgment, then follow his (Abu` 'Abd Allah's) words.'

Hamza, may Allah have mercy on him, had firm faith. He faithfully defended the members of House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them. When Ima`m al-Sa`diq, peace be on him, heard of his death, he said: "May Allah have mercy on Hamza. He may be pleased with him. Hamza faithfully defended the members of House (ahl al-Bayt).

138. Kha`zim al-Ashal

He was from Ku`fa. He was among the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. He reported on his authority. He also reported on the authority of 'Abd Allah (al-Sa`diq), peace be on him. He was an unknown Ima`mi Shi'ite.

139. Kha`lid bin Abi Karima

Al-Naja`shi reported: "Kha`lid bin Abi Karima reported on the authority of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. Ibn Nu`h mentioned him. He reported a copy of traditions on his authority. It was the copy of the traditions Kha`lid reported on the authority of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him.

140. Kha`lid bin Awfa`

He was called Abu` al-Rabi' al-'Anzi al-Sha`mi. Shaykh al-Tu`si numbered him as one of the companions of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him.