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Yazid ibn Mu‘awiyah and the Massacre of the People of Medina

Some biased scholars and partisans of Bani Umayyah such as Ibn Taymiyyah have endeavored to come to the defence of Yazid ibn Mu‘awiyah. They have gone so far as to recognize him as the legitimate Muslim caliph of his time.

However, in the end, reality compelled most scholars to admit Yazid’s atrocious crimes because his entire life was full of abominable actions and he was the cause of numerous calamities for the Muslims, especially during the three years of his usurped caliphate.

In the long term, biased adherents of Bani Umayyah could not continue to overlook Yazid’s many atrocities. Therefore, some schemed to either completely deny or justify Yazid’s brutal crimes.

One of the acts of sheer barbarity and inhumanity Yazid brought down on the Muslims was the event of Harrah. This incident resulted in the brutal killing of thousands of the Muslim people of Medina. The order for this massacre was issued by Yazid ibn Mu‘awiyah himself. The event of Harrah is a well-known incident which has been discussed either briefly or in detail by numerous historians.1

Notes:

1. Minhaj al-Sunnah, vol. 4, p. 575.

Adapted from: "The Uprising of Ashura and Responses to Doubts" by: "‘Ali Asghar Ridwani"