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History

The restoration of Peace and Order

"The life and property of all persons, whether black, red (Persian slave) or of whatever colour, and living in Syria, Iraq, Tihama, Hijaz or anywhere else, will be protected and they will not be harmed." 24

This condition reflects that one of the top priorities of Imam Hasan (as) was to provide protection of life, property and honour to all men. With the conquest of vast territories, many Persians, named as 'Humaraa', had also been enslaved along with the blacks and had become part of the Muslim Ummah. Due to the tribal and the feudal system of the Arabs, they had not yet been granted full citizenship rights. Rather, they were oppressed. Rising above the consideration of Muslim or non-Muslim, master or slave, the Imam (as) had made peace with Moawiya on the condition that he will protect the life, property and honour of all persons. This way the Imam (as) proved that he was above the distinction based on colour, religion or race, was very serious about restoring peace, and that it was his goal to protect the life, property and honour of every person living in the Muslim society.

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24. Ibne A'sam - 'Al Futooh', vol. 4, p.160; Balazari - 'Ansaab al Ashraaf', vol. 3 p.42; Ibne Abee al Hadeed, 'Sharhe Nahjul Balagha',vol. 16, p.22; Husain Dayar Bakari - 'Tareekh al Khamees', p.390; Taha Husain - Islamiyat - 'Al Fitnatul Kubra' pp.979-980; Hasan Kamil al Maltavi - 'Al Imam al Hasan bin Ali', p.121; Raazi Aale Yasin - 'Sulh-ul Hasan', Qum, p.260; Baqar Qarshi - 'Hayat al Imam al Hasan bin Ali', vol 2, p.242.

Adpted from the book: "Imam Hasan and Caliphate" by: "Qurrat-ul-Ain Abidiy"