The expiation for the killing of the believer
Related from 'Isa al-Darir, who said: 'I said to Imam Saadiq (A): 'How can the man who has killed another on purpose repent?' He said: 'He should give himself up (to the blood relatives).' I said: 'He fears that they will kill him.' He said: 'Then let him pay them compensation.' I said:
'He fears they will kill him.' He said: 'Then let him put the compensation money in a purse and wait for the time of prayer then throw the purse into their house.'
Ismail al-Ja'fi relates that he asked Muhammad al-Baqir (A) about the man who kills another on purpose. He (A) said: 'There are three acts of expiation upon him; to free a slave, to fast two consecutive months, and to feed sixty indigents.' Imam 'Ali ibn al-Hussein (A) gave the same ruling.
Related from Abu al-Ma'za, from Imam Saadiq (A) about the man who kills a servant accidentally. He said: 'He should set free a slave, fast two consecutive months, and give alms to sixty indigents.' He also said: 'If he is not able to free a slave then let him fast, and if he is not able to fast then let him pay the alms.'
Related by Sama'a who asked the Imam (A) about whether there is a way to repentance for one who kills another on purpose. He said : 'No, not until he pays the blood money to the relatives, frees a slave, fasts two consecutive months, asks Allah's forgiveness and offers voluntary prayers. If he does this then I would hope that his repentance would be accepted.' I (Sama'a) said: 'And if he has no money?' He (A) said: He should ask the Muslims for money so that he can pay the compensation to the blood relatives.'
Related by al-Halabi, from Imam Saadiq (A) in a hadith that he asked about a man who had killed his slave. He said: 'He should set free a slave, fast two consecutive months, then he shall have repentance.'
Adapted from the book: "War, Peace & Non-Violence" by: "Sayyid Muhammad Sadiq Shirazi"
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