Q: What is the meaning of a ‘khums year’? And how is it established?
A:The date of a khums year is a fait accompli matter and not to be appointed by the mukallaf.
The start of a khums year for a person is the day on which he receives his first income. The same date in the next year/s will be the end of khums year. Any amount of yearly earnings spent during the year for life requirements and within one's station is subject to no khums. While, the amount that remains surplus at the end of khums year plus the daily consumable goods (like rice, pea, etc.) that remain untouched until the same date, an unneeded thing which was bought or it is above one's station, are all subject to khums. If a mukallaf, at the end of khums year, does not pay their khums, they are not allowed to make use of khums-unpaid property. Of course, mahr (dowry), inherited property and gifts are not liable to khums.
However, if you face any problem in calculating khums, you may refer to the office of His Eminence the Supreme Leader of Muslims (d.) or one of his attorney authorized to deal with khums affairs.
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