Rafed English

Interpretation of Sura Maryam (Mary) - Verses 29-30

29. " Then Mary pointed to him. They said: 'How shall we speak to one who is (yet) a child in the cradle?' "

30. " He (miraculously) said: 'Verily I am a servant of Allah; He has given me the Book and made me a prophet'."

Commentary

Since Mary had observed a silence fasting, in order to fulfill her vow, she signed instead of speaking. The verse says:

" Then Mary pointed to him. They said: 'How shall we speak to one who is (yet) a child in the cradle?' "

The first word of Jesus (a.s.) was about servitude unto Allah, but his followers exaggerated and considered Jesus as God or God's son.

Once Imam Baqir (a.s.) was asked whether Hadrat Jesus (a.s.) was also the witness of Allah when Jesus was in cradle. Imam (a.s.) said Jesus (a.s.) was a prophet then, but he was not a Messenger until when he was seven years old. It was in that year that the rank of Messengership was bestowed on him. (Tafsir-i-Kanz-ud-Daghayegh)

By a short sentence, Jesus (a.s.) both banished the accusation from his mother, and spoke about his own future, and pointed to the future duty of people. The verse in this regard says:

" He (miraculously) said: 'Verily I am a servant of Allah; He has given me the Book and made me a prophet'."

However, the Qur'an in the first verse says that Mary was silent to obey the command of Allah. The only thing she did was that she pointed to her new-born-child, Jesus, when her action caused the people's astonishment more than before. They told her: "How shall we speak to one who is (yet) a child in the cradle?"

According to some other commentary books, they said to each other that the mockery and ridicule of Mary was harder and heavier to them than her deviation from the path of chastity.

But this situation did not last so long, because that new-born-child started speaking, and said: "Verily I am a servant of Allah; He has given me the Book and made me a prophet."

Adopted from the book : "The Light of the Holy Qur'an; Interpretation of Surah Maryam" by : "Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani and a Group of Muslim Scholars"

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