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Interpretation of Sura Hud - Verses 2-4

2. "(It teaches)that you should worship none but Allah. Verily, I am for you from Him, a warner and a bearer of glad tidings. "

Commentary

This verse takes up the most important and the most fundamental issue of the Qur'an, which is monotheism by explaining the campaign against polytheism as follows:

Allah's first and foremost call to mankind is that he should stop worshipping everything else but the Almighty. The verse says:

"(It teaches)that you should worship none but Allah. ..."

Secondly, the Divine call concerns the matter that the Prophet(p.b.u.h.) is surely acting on Allah's behalf, as a messenger of warning and glad tidings.

The duty of the Prophet(p.b.u.h.) is that he warns people against disobeying Allah, injustice, corruption, polytheism and infidelity.

He informs them of Divine punishment as a result of their evil actions, and give them glad tidings of a happy fate for their obedience, piety and virtuousness. The holy verse continued saying:

"... Verily, I am for you from Him, a warner and a bearer of glad tidings. "

3. "And that you seek the forgiveness of Allah and turn unto Him in repentance so that He may provide you with a goodly provision to an appointed term, and bestow His abounding grace on everyone endowed with grace.

But if you turn away(from serving Him), then I fear for you the Penalty of a Great Day. "

Commentary

His third call is that people should repent from their sins, and purify themselves from all types of pollution.

His fourth call for them is that they should turn to Him after purifying themselves from their sins by repentance, thus decorating themselves with Divine characteristics. This means that returning to Him means nothing more than acquiring those qualities that are associated with Him.

Afterwards, the holy Qur'an recounts that the practical results which ensue from acceptance or rejection of the four commandments, mentioned in the above, are as follows: Whenever you act according to this schedule, Allah grants you a whole happy life- time of enjoyment in your worldly life. The verse says:

"And that you seek the forgiveness of Allah and turn unto Him in repentance so that He may provide you with a goodly provision to an appointed term, ..."

Therefore, before enabling one to reap the fruits of his deeds in the After- Life, religion and religious ideologies tend to produce their fruits in this world. Moreover, the fact that everyone is rewarded according to his deeds in this world, and people's individual differences are never overlooked, it is amazing how they can all act in accordance with those four principles mentioned above. Allah measures each in his virtue and every individual's merit for whatever He bestows upon him. The verse continues saying:

"... and bestow His abounding grace on everyone endowed with grace. ..."

However, if you turn against these principles, disobeying these ideological and practical commandments, I fear for you the punishment of a Great Day, when you must stand in that great court of Justice for the Divine Judgment. The verse says:

"... But if you turn away(from serving Him), then I fear for you the Penalty of a Great Day. "

4. " To Allah is your return and He is All- Powerful over everything. "

Commentary

At any rate, one should beware that regardless of who he is and whatever rank or position he may occupy, that ultimately, the one will return to Him. The verse says:

" To Allah is your return ..."

The above sentence points to the fifth principle of the fundamental principles of the Qur'an, that is, the Resurrection.

You should never think that your power is significant compared to the power of Allah, or you are able to disobey His orders, and escape His Court of Justice. Never give yourselves the benefit of a doubt that He would be unable to assemble your degenerated bones after death, providing them with a new life, because He is Omnipotent and has the power over all things. The verse continues saying:

"... and He is All- Powerful over everything. "

Adopted from the book : "The Light of the Holy Qur'an; Interpretation of Surah Hud" by : "Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani and a Group of Muslim Scholars"

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