Rafed English

Interpretation of Sura Hud - Verses 18-20

18. " And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah?(On the Day of Resurrection)these will be presented before their Lord and the witnesses( the prophets and angels)will say: 'These are those who lied against their Lord! ' Beware! the curse of Allah is on the unjust. "

Commentary

The Court of the Resurrection contains many witnesses:

A) The Lord who is a witness to all of our conduct:

"Verily, Allah is a witness for everything. " 9

B) The Blessed Prophet(p.b.u.h.) :

"How will it be then when We bring from every People a witness, and We bring you a witness over those witnesses? 10

C) The Immaculate Imams(a.s.)

"And thus have We made you an Ummah of middling stand that you may be witnesses over mankind, " 11

According to some Islamic traditions, what is meant by Ummah(nation)here are the Immaculate Imams, for other individuals in the nation are not eligible for serving as witnesses on that Day owing to their lack of knowledge and their not being infallible.

D) The Angels, "And every soul shall come forth, with each will be a driver, and a witness. " 12

On the Day of Resurrection every person will be accompanied with two angels; one of them drives him and the other is a witness over him.

E) The Earth: "On that Day, she(the earth)will recount(all)her news. " 13

F) Conscience: "Read your book; your own self is sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day. " 14

G) One's Bodily Organs: "On the Day(of Resurrection), their tongue, and their hands, and their feet shall bear witness against them as to what they used to do. " 15

H) Time: Imam Sajjad(a.s.)states in the sixth prayer of the Sahifa that:

"Today(on the Day of Resurrection)is a new day which will testify as to the kind of conduct we have had. "

I) Performance: " and what they had done they shall find present(there), " 16

Question: The Qur'an has employed the word/ 'az lamu/ when referring to many sins while the utmost oppression must be one and not more than one. Why is it so?

Answer: This inference is used in 51 cases, all of which are concerned with spiritual mental deviations irrespective of polytheism, false accusations, covering up the truth and withholding it, and obstruction of the way and of the remembrance of Allah. Therefore, the most important of the oppressions is intellectual, cultural, and ideological.

The Qur'an in this verse, as well as in a few verses which come later, explains the situation, profile, and the fate of those who falsely accuse Allah as follows: The most oppressive individual is he who is deprived of Divine favors, denies the Day of Resurrection, distorts facts, obstructs the way of Allah and is neither able to escape Allah's domination in this world nor to seek assistance on the Day of Resurrection.

He is the one whose punishment is multi- fold, his life has gone with the wind, his endeavors have become null and void, and his life and soul have become lost.

Therefore, false accusations against Allah are the greatest of the unjust. Writers and preachers of religion must be on guard against wrong words and their writings and keep in mind the fact that there are many witnesses who will testify as to what they have said and written on the Day of Resurrection. The verse says:

" And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah?(On the Day of Resurrection)these will be presented before their Lord and the witnesses(the prophets and angels)will say: 'These are those who lied against their Lord! ' Beware! the curse of Allah is on the unjust. "


19. " Those who hinder(people)from the path of Allah and seek to make it crooked, and they are themselves unbelievers as to the hereafter. "

Commentary

Enemies obstruct the Path of Allah through various methods including heresy, false accusations, personal interpretations, forging traditions, provoking skepticism, emptying mosques, abandoning and neglecting the teaching of Ahl- ul- Bayt, standing in the way of good conduct, fabricating pretexts to justify immoral entertainment, setting forth insignificant issues of hero worship, recommending and propagating falsehood, humiliating faithful believers, forbidding what has been allowed by religion, giving undue appreciation and recommendation of what is not appropriate, glorifying despots, etc.

Among the clear examples of obstruction of Allah's Path, one may cite closing the gate of the 'House of Allah', closing the 'House of the men of Allah, ' and the 'House of the Ahl- ul- Bayt of the Prophet(p.b.u.h.) ' as well as that of the immaculate and just leaders.

The enemy obstructs the Path first, and if he is unable to do so, he diverts the course leading to the Path. The verse says:

" Those who hinder(people)from the path of Allah and seek to make it crooked, and they are themselves unbelievers as to the hereafter. "

20. " They will in no wise frustrate(His design)on the earth, nor shall there be for them any protectors besides Allah! The penalty will be doubled for them. They could not bear to hear(the truth), and they used not to see(it). "

Commentary

How can one reconcile the issue of the manifestation and multiplication of Allah's punishment with Divine justice which seem to be incompatible with each other Answer: He who misleads others, owing to his power and position, naturally must be held responsible for their faults.

Thus, the sin committed by knowledgeable people, because of their social function, is manifold when compared to that committed by ordinary people and this is identical with justice. Any way, the oppressors are under the yoke of the Divine wrath and power, and will meet their own doom. The holy verse says:

" They will in no wise frustrate(His design)on the earth, nor shall there be for them any protectors besides Allah! The penalty will be doubled for them. They could not bear to hear(the truth), and they used not to see(it). "

Those who make false accusations must forget and give up the idea that being the support of despots and being among their entourage will save them.

Notes:

(9) Sura Hajj, No. 22, verse 17

(10) Sura Nisa, No. 4, verse 41

(11) Sura Al- Baqarah, No. 2, verse 143

(12) Sura Qaf, No. 50, verse 21

(13) Sura Zilzal, No. 99, verse 4

(14) Sura Al- 'Isra', No. 17, verse 14

(15) Sura Nour, No. 24, verse 24

(16) Sura Kahf, No. 18, verse 49

Adopted from the book : "The Light of the Holy Qur'an; Interpretation of Surah Hud" by : "Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani and a Group of Muslim Scholars"

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